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Post-fire Debris Flows

Over the past several decades, the occurrence of large fires has increased in many western US forests. Associated with the rise in fire activity is the incidence of post-fire debris flows and their effects on watershed resources and associated communities. Post-fire debris flows can be defined as fast moving, gravity-driven landslides containing mud, sand, soil, rock, water, and air and traveling downslope on recently burned landscapes. The resources listed here address factors that influence the occurrence and severity of debris flows, potential consequences of post-fire debris flows, debris flow assessment, and mitigation efforts such as pre-fire fuel treatment and post-fire soil, slope, and channel stabilization.

This hot topic was developed in partnership with Montana State University and Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Publications/Reports

2021 Hillslope sediment fence catch efficiencies and particle sorting for post-fire rain storms
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Codie Wilson et al.
2021 Effectiveness of post-fire soil erosion mitigation treatments: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Antonio Girona-García et al.
2021 Post-fire management impacts on soil hydrology
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Demetrio Antonio Zema
2020 PEMIP: Post-fire erosion model inter-comparison project
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Stephanie Kampf et al.
2020 Connectivity of post-fire runoff and sediment from nested hillslopes and watersheds
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Codie Wilson et al.
2020 Quantifying long-term post-fire sediment delivery and erosion mitigation effectiveness
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Peter R. Robichaud et al.
2020 Debris-flow dominated sediment transport through a channel network after wildfire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Petter Nyman et al.
2019 Looking through the window of disturbance at post-wildfire debris-flow hazards
Conference Proceedings
Luke A. McGuire et al.
2019 Wildfire as a catalyst for hydrologic and geomorphic change
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Francis K. Rengers
2019 Physical vulnerabilities from wildfires: Flames, floods, and debris flows
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Daniel G. Neary et al.
2018 Empirical models of annual post-fire erosion on mulched and unmulched hillslopes
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sarah R. Schmeer et al.
2018 Rainfall thresholds for post-fire runoff and sediment delivery from plot to watershed scales
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Codie Wilson et al.
2017 Post-disturbance sediment recovery: Implications for watershed resilience
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sara Rathburn et al.
2017 Natural hazard modeling and uncertainty analysis [Chapter 2]
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Matthew P. Thompson et al.
2017 Short-term effects of post-fire salvage logging on runoff and soil erosion
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Maruxa C. Malvar et al.
2016 Can pore-clogging by ash explain post-fire runoff?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Cathelijine Stoof et al.
2016 Validation of a probabilistic post-fire erosion model
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Peter R. Robichaud et al.
2016 Influences of vegetation disturbance on hydrogeomorphic response following wildfire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kevin D. Hyde et al.
2015 Post-wildfire debris flows in southern British Columbia, Canada
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Peter Jordan
2014 New insights into debris-flow hazards from an extraordinary event in the Colorado Front Range
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jeffrey A. Coe et al.
2014 The temporal evolution of wildfire ash and implications for post-fire infiltration
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Victoria N. Balfour et al.
2013 Hydro-geomorphic response models for burned areas and their applications in land management
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Petter Nyman et al.
2013 Comparison of debris-flow volumes from burned and unburned areas
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Paul M. Santi et al.
2011 Physical, chemical, and hydrological properties of ponderosa pine ash
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Emmanuel J. Gabet et al.
2011 Predicting post-fire hillslope erosion in forest lands of the western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mary Ellen Miller et al.
2011 Getting results: measuring post-wildfire erosion control treatment effectiveness
Conference Proceedings
Peter R. Robichaud et al.
2009 Climate and wildfire area burned in western US ecoprovinces, 1916-2003
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jeremy S. Littell et al.
2009 Three years of hillslope sediment yields following the Valley Complex fires, western Montana
Technical Report or White Paper
Peter R. Robichaud et al.
2009 Adapting the Water Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model for forest applications
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Shuhui Dun et al.
2008 The effect of ash on runoff and erosion after a severe forest wildfire, Montana, USA
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Scott W. Woods et al.
2008 Sources of debris flow material in burned areas
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Paul M. Santi et al.
2007 Modeling soil erosion on steep sagebrush rangeland before and after prescribed fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Corey A. Moffet et al.
2007 First-year post-fire erosion rates in Bitterroot National Forest, Montana
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kevin M. Spigel et al.
2007 Erosion Risk Management Tool (ERMiT) user manual
Technical Report or White Paper
Peter R. Robichaud et al.
2006 Wildfire as a hydrological and geomorphological agent
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
2005 Land use and land cover effects on runoff processes: fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Charles H. Luce
2005 Basic principles of forest fuel reduction treatments
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
James K. Agee et al.
2004 Effects of Wildfire on soils and watershed processes
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
George G. Ice et al.
2004 Modeling of the interactions between forest vegetation, disturbances, and sediment yields
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Erkan Istanbulluoglu et al.
2004 Fire-induced erosion and millennial-scale climate change in northern ponderosa pine forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jennifer L. Pierce et al.
2003 Hayman Fire case study: summary
Technical Report or White Paper
Russell T. Graham
2003 Post-fire erosional processes: In the Pacific Northwest and Rocky Mountain region
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Steven M. Wondzell et al.
2003 Postfire erosional processes in the Pacific Northwest and Rocky Mountain regions
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Steven M. Wondzell et al.
2003 Time, space, and episodicity of physical disturbance in streams
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Daniel Miller et al.
2003 A review of prescribed burning effectiveness in fire hazard reduction
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Paulo M. Fernandes et al.
2003 Effects of post-wildfire erosion on channel environments, Boise River, Idaho
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lee E. Benda et al.
2002 Wildfire and erosion: when to expect the unexpected
Conference Proceedings
Peter R. Robichaud
2001 Comparing erosion risks from forest operations to wildfire
Conference Proceedings
William J. Elliot et al.
2000 Disturbance regimes of stream and riparian systems — a disturbance‐cascade perspective
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Futoshi Nakamura et al.
2000 Measuring and modelling soil erosion processes in forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
William J. Elliot et al.
1999 Debris-flow generation from recently burned watersheds
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan H. Cannon
1997 Stochastic forcing of sediment supply to channel networks from landsliding and debris flow
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lee E. Benda et al.
1997 Stocastic forcing of sediment supply to the channel network from landsliding and debris flow
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lee E. Benda et al.
1991 A simple definition of a landslide
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
David Milne Cruden
1990 Predicting deposition of debris flows in mountain channels
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lee E. Benda et al.
1990 Runoff and soil loss following the 1988 Yellowstone fires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Richard A. Marston et al.
1988 The role of disturbance in stream ecology
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Vincent H. Resh et al.
1987 Sediment routing by debris flow
Conference Proceedings
Lee E. Benda et al.
1972 Plant nutrients and soil losses in overland flow from burned forest clearcuts
Conference Proceedings
Norbert V. DeByle et al.

Videos

May 23, 2014 Effects of severe fire on watersheds
Ed Snook

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