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Post-fire Tree Regeneration

Post-fire vegetation recovery is a growing field of concern as larger wildfires impact more of the landscape and climate has the potential to influence how these ecosystems respond. In forested ecosystems, a primary topic of vegetation recovery is tree regeneration. Numerous researchers have examined where natural tree regeneration is prolific and where there is little or no tree regeneration, as well as the causes of these observed patterns. Understanding the patterns of natural tree regeneration can have large impacts on how and where managers prioritize post-fire management actions.

The resources contained here represent the most recent and applicable publications and media on this topic.

This hot topic was developed in partnership with the University of Idaho.

Publications/Reports

2019 Climate will increasingly determine post‐fire tree regeneration success in low‐elevation forests, Northern Rockies, USA
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Penelope Morgan, John T. Abatzoglou
2019 Post-fire wood mulch for reducing erosion potential increases tree seedlings with few impacts on understory plants and soil nitrogen
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jayne L. Jonas, Erin Berryman, Brett Wolk, Penelope Morgan, Peter R. Robichaud
2019 Wildfires and climate change push low-elevation forests across a critical climate threshold for tree regeneration
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kimberley T. Davis, Solomon Z. Dobrowski, Philip E. Higuera, Zachary A. Holden, Thomas T. Veblen, Monica T. Rother, Sean A. Parks, Anna Sala, Marco Maneta
2019 Origins of abrupt change? Postfire subalpine conifer regeneration declines nonlinearly with warming and drying
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Winslow D. Hansen, Monica G. Turner
2019 Ponderosa pine regeneration, wildland fuels management, and habitat conservation: identifying trade-offs following wildfire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Victoria M. Donovan, Caleb P. Roberts, Carissa L. Wonkka, David A. Wedin, Dirac Twidwell
2019 Tree regeneration following wildfires in the western US: a review
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
2019 Short-interval severe fire erodes the resilience of subalpine lodgepole pine forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Monica G. Turner, Kristin H. Braziunas, Winslow D. Hansen, Brian J. Harvey
2019 Contributions of fire refugia to resilient ponderosa pine and dry mixed‐conifer forest landscapes
Annotated Bibliography
Jonathan D. Coop, Timothy J. DeLory, William M. Downing, Sandra L. Haire, Meg A. Krawchuk, Carol Miller, Marc-Andre Parisien, Ryan B. Walker
2019 Impacts of growing-season climate on tree growth and post-fire regeneration in ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lacey Hankin, Philip E. Higuera, Kimberley T. Davis, Solomon Z. Dobrowski
2019 Climate will increasingly determine post-fire tree regeneration success in low-elevation forests, Northern Rockies, USA.
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Penelope Morgan, John T. Abatzoglou
2019 Tamm Review: Reforestation for resilience in dry western US forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Malcolm P. North, Jens T. Stevens, David F. Greene, Michelle Coppoletta, Eric E. Knapp, Andrew Latimer, Christina M. Restaino, Ryan Tompkins, Kevin R. Welch, Robert A. York, Derek J. N. Young, Jodi Axelson, Thomas N. Buckley, Becky L. Estes, Rachel N. Hager, Jonathan Long, Marc D. Meyer, Steven M. Ostoja, Hugh Safford, Kristen L. Shive, Carmen L. Tubbesing, Heather Vice, Dana Walsh, Chhaya M. Werner, Peter Wyrsch
2018 Fire regimes approaching historic norms reduce wildfire‐facilitated conversion from forest to non‐forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Ryan B. Walker, Jonathan D. Coop, Sean A. Parks, Laura Trader
2018 Evidence for declining forest resilience to wildfires under climate change
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Brian J. Harvey, Monica T. Rother, Daniel C. Donato, Penelope Morgan, Thomas T. Veblen
2018 Mixed-severity fire fosters heterogeneous spatial patterns of conifer regeneration in a dry conifer forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sparkle L. Malone, Paula J. Fornwalt, Michael A. Battaglia, Marin Chambers, Jose M. Iniguez, Carolyn Hull Sieg
2018 Overlapping bark beetle outbreaks, salvage logging and wildfire restructure a lodgepole pine ecosystem
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Charles C. Rhoades, Kristen Pelz, Paula J. Fornwalt, Brett Wolk, Anthony S. Cheng
2018 Limits to Ponderosa Pine Regeneration Following Large High-Severity Forest Fires in the United States Southwest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Collin M. Haffey, Thomas D. Sisk, Craig D. Allen, Andrea E. Thode, Ellis Q. Margolis
2018 Anticipating fire‐mediated impacts of climate change using a demographic framework
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kimberley T. Davis, Philip E. Higuera, Anna Sala
2018 Severity of Overstory Mortality Influences Conifer Recruitment and Growth in Mountain Pine Beetle-Affected Forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kristen Pelz, Charles C. Rhoades, Robert M. Hubbard, Frederick W. Smith
2018 It takes a few to tango: changing climate and fire regimes can cause regeneration failure of two subalpine conifers
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Winslow D. Hansen, Kristin H. Braziunas, Werner Rammer, Rupert Seidl, Monica G. Turner
2018 Salvage logging effects on regulating and supporting ecosystem services — a systematic map
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Alexandro B. Leverkus, José María Rey Benayas, Jorge Castro, Dominique Boucher, Stephen Brewer, Brandon M. Collins, Daniel C. Donato, Shawn Fraver, Barbara E. Kishchuk, Eun-Jae Lee, David B. Lindenmayer, Emanuele Lingua, Ellen Macdonald, Raffaella Marzano, Charles C. Rhoades, Alejandro A. Royo, Simon Thorn, Joseph W. Wagenbrenner, Kaysandra Waldron, Thomas Wohlgemuth, Lena Gustafsson
2017 Tamm Review: Shifting global fire regimes: Lessons from reburns and research needs
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan J. Prichard, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Paul F. Hessburg
2017 Tree regeneration spatial patterns in ponderosa pine forests following stand-replacing fire: Influence of topography and neighbors
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Justin P. Ziegler, Chad M. Hoffman, Paula J. Fornwalt, Carolyn Hull Sieg, Michael A. Battaglia, Marin Chambers, Jose M. Iniguez
2017 Long-term effects of burn season and frequency on ponderosa pine forest fuels and seedlings
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Douglas J. Westlind, Becky K. Kerns
2017 Tamm Review: Shifting global fire regimes: Lessons from reburns and research needs
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan J. Prichard, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Paul F. Hessburg
2017 Do Post-Fire Mulching Treatments Affect Regeneration in Serotinous Lodgepole Pine?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Micah Wright, Monique E. Rocca
2017 Spatial patterns of ponderosa pine regeneration in high-severity burn patches
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Suzanne M. Owen, Carolyn Hull Sieg, Andrew Sanchez Meador, Peter Z. Fule, Jose M. Iniguez, Scott L. Baggett, Paula J. Fornwalt, Michael A. Battaglia
2017 Tree regeneration, understory development, and biomass dynamics following wildfire in a mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jane A. Kertis, Steven A. Acker, Robert J. Pabst
2017 Climate and seed availability initiate alternate post-fire trajectories in a lower subalpine forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Alexandra K. Urza, Jason S. Sibold
2017 Mixed-severity fire and salvage logging in dry forests of Oregon's western Cascades
Technical Report or White Paper
Christopher J. Dunn, John D. Bailey
2016 Spatial variability in tree regeneration after wildfire delays and dampens future bark beetle outbreaks
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Rupert Seidl, Daniel C. Donato, Kenneth F. Raffa, Monica G. Turner
2016 Burn me twice, shame on who? Interactions between successive forest fires across a temperate mountain region
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brian J. Harvey, Daniel C. Donato, Monica G. Turner
2016 Repeated wildfires alter forest recovery of mixed-conifer ecosystems
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
2016 Landscape variation in tree regeneration and snag fall drive fuel loads in 24-year old post-fire lodgepole pine forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kellen N. Nelson, Monica G. Turner, William H. Romme, Daniel B. Tinker
2016 Fire legacies impact conifer regeneration across environmental gradients in U.S. northern Rockies
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Penelope Morgan
2016 Landscape variation in tree regeneration and snag fall drive fuel loads in 24‐year old post‐fire lodgepole pine forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kellen N. Nelson, Monica G. Turner, William H. Romme, Daniel B. Tinker
2015 Fire legacies impact conifer regeneration across environmental gradients in the U.S. northern Rockies
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Penelope Morgan
2014 Recent mountain pine beetle outbreaks, wildfire severity, and postfire tree regeneration in the US northern Rockies
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brian J. Harvey, Daniel C. Donato, Monica G. Turner
2014 Fire severity and tree regeneration following bark beetle outbreaks: the role of outbreak stage and burning conditions
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brian J. Harvey, Daniel C. Donato, William H. Romme, Monica G. Turner
2013 Influence of recent bark beetle outbreak on fire severity and postfire tree regeneration in montane Douglas-fir forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brian J. Harvey, Daniel C. Donato, William H. Romme, Monica G. Turner
2010 Restoration treatment effects on stand structure, tree growth, and fire hazard in a ponderosa pine/Douglas-fir forest in Montana
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Carl E. Fiedler, Kerry L. Metlen, Erich K. Dodson
2007 Fire, fuels and restoration of ponderosa pine-Douglas fir forests in the Rocky Mountains, USA
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
William L. Baker, Thomas T. Veblen, Rosemary L. Sherriff
2006 Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Daniel C. Donato, Joseph B. Fontaine, John L. Campbell, William D. Robinson, J. Boone Kauffman, Beverly E. Law
2000 Miller Creek: ecosystem recovery in a western Montana forest 30 years after prescribed burning and wildfire
Conference Proceedings
Jonalea R. Tonn, Martin F. Jurgensen, G. D. Mroz, Deborah S. Page-Dumroese
1998 Miller Creek Demonstration Forest - A forest born of fire: a field guide
Technical Report or White Paper
Penelope A. Latham, Raymond C. Shearer, Kevin L. O'Hara
1975 Broadcast burning in larch-fir clearcuts: the Miller Creek-Newman Ridge study
Technical Report or White Paper
William R. Beaufait, Charles E. Hardy, William C. Fischer