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Effects of Repeated Fires

Previous fires can influence the behavior subsequent wildfires. In many cases, previous fires have been shown to reduce the spread and severity of subsequent wildfires on the landscape, thereby serving as a natural fuel treatment. The influence exerted by previous fires varies with climate, location, time since fire, and vegetation, among other factors. An understanding of the potential impacts of previous fires on the characteristics of subsequent fires is important in informing land management decisions, developing fuel management strategies, and allocating fire-fighting resources. The increasing size and extent of wildfires in the Northern Rockies region over the past several decades makes this topic even more relevant as fires become more and more likely to burn into previously burned areas. The resources curated here contain the most recent and applicable information on this issue.  

Syntheses

2014 The effects of previous wildfires on subsequent wildfire behavior and post-wildfire recovery
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Susan J. Prichard, Penelope Morgan
2010 The forgotten stage of forest succession: early-successional ecosystems on forest sites
Mark E. Swanson, Jerry F. Franklin, Robert L. Beschta, Charles M. Crisafulli, Dominick A. DellaSala, Richard L. Hutto, David B. Lindenmayer, Frederick J. Swanson

Publications/Reports

2018 Fine-scale spatial climate variation and drought mediate the likelihood of reburning
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sean A. Parks, Marc-Andre Parisien, Carol Miller, Lisa M. Holsinger, Scott L. Baggett
2018 Interactions between large high-severity fires and salvage logging on a short return interval reduce the regrowth of fire-prone serotinous forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Angela Taboada, Víctor Fernández-García, Elena Marcos, Leonor Calvo
2018 The nature of the beast: examining climate adaptation options in forests with stand‐replacing fire regimes
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Joshua S. Halofsky, Daniel C. Donato, Jerry F. Franklin, Jessica E. Halofsky, David L. Peterson, Brian J. Harvey
2018 Fire frequency drives decadal changes in soil carbon and nitrogen and ecosystem productivity
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Adam F. A. Pellegrini, Anders Ahlström, Sarah E. Hobbie, Peter B. Reich, Lars P. Nieradzik, A. Carla Staver, Bryant C. Scharenbroch, Ari A. Jumpponen, William R.L. Anderegg, James T. Randerson, Robert B. Jackson
2018 How does forest recovery following moderate-severity fire influence effects of subsequent wildfire in mixed-conifer forests?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brandon M. Collins, Jamie M. Lydersen, Richard G. Everett, Scott L. Stephens
2018 Evaluation of past-fire mosaics on subsequent wildfire behavior, severity and management strategies - JFSP Final Report
Technical Report or White Paper
Susan J. Prichard, Paul F. Hessburg, Robert W. Gray, Nicholas A. Povak, R. Brion Salter, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
2018 Evaluating the influence of prior burn mosaics on subsequent wildfire behavior, severity, and fire management options - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Technical Report or White Paper
Susan J. Prichard, Paul F. Hessburg, Robert W. Gray, Nicholas A. Povak, R. Brion Salter, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
2017 Long-term effects of burn season and frequency on ponderosa pine forest fuels and seedlings
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Douglas J. Westlind, Becky K. Kerns
2017 Black carbon on coarse woody debris in once- and twice- burned mixed conifer forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Aspen Ward, C. Alina Cansler, Andrew J. Larson
2017 Fire Effects on Historical Wildfire Refugia in Contemporary Wildfires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Crystal A. Kolden, Tyler M. Bleeker, Alistair M. S. Smith, Helen M. Poulos, A. E. Camp
2017 Tamm Review: Shifting global fire regimes: Lessons from reburns and research needs
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan J. Prichard, Camille Stevens-Rumann, Paul F. Hessburg
2016 Quantifying the influence of previously burned areas on suppression effectiveness and avoided exposure: a case study of the Las Conchas Fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Matthew P. Thompson, Patrick H. Freeborn, Jon D. Rieck, David E. Calkin, Julie W. Gilbertson-Day, Mark A. Cochrane, Michael S. Hand
2016 Repeated wildfires alter forest recovery of mixed-conifer ecosystems
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan
2016 Prior wildfires influence burn severity of subsequent large fires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Susan J. Prichard, Eva K. Strand, Penelope Morgan
2016 Wildland fire limits subsequent fire occurrence
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sean A. Parks, Carol Miller, Lisa M. Holsinger, Scott L. Baggett, Benjamin J. Bird
2015 Wildland fire as a self-regulating mechanism: the role of previous burns and weather in limiting fire progression
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sean A. Parks, Lisa M. Holsinger, Carol Miller, Cara R. Nelson
2015 Bark beetles and wildfires: how does forest recovery change with repeated disturbances in mixed-conifer forests?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Camille Stevens-Rumann, Penelope Morgan, Chad M. Hoffman
2015 Fire legacies impact conifer regeneration across environmental gradients in the U.S. northern Rockies
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kerry Kemp, Philip E. Higuera, Penelope Morgan
2014 Previous fires moderate burn severity of subsequent wildland fires in two large western US wilderness areas
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sean A. Parks, Carol Miller, Cara R. Nelson, Zachary A. Holden
2013 Wilderness shapes contemporary fire size distributions across landscapes of the western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sandra L. Haire, Kevin McGarigal, Carol Miller
2012 Characterizing fire-on-fire interactions in three large wilderness areas
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Casey Teske, Carl A. Seielstad, Lloyd P. Queen
2010 The forgotten stage of forest succession: early-successional ecosystems on forest sites
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Mark E. Swanson, Jerry F. Franklin, Robert L. Beschta, Charles M. Crisafulli, Dominick A. DellaSala, Richard L. Hutto, David B. Lindenmayer, Frederick J. Swanson
2006 Frequent fire alters nitrogen transformations in ponderosa pine stands of the inland Northwest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Thomas H. DeLuca, Anna Sala
1984 Changes in fire weather distributions: effects on predicted fire behavior
Technical Report or White Paper
Lucy A. Salazar, Larry S. Bradshaw
1951 Fire behavior in Northern Rocky Mountain Forests
Technical Report or White Paper
Jack S. Barrows