A JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network
Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

Rapid response tools and datasets for post-fire modeling: linking earth observations and process-based hydrological models to support post-fire remediation

Author(s): Mary Ellen Miller, Michael Billmire, William J. Elliot, Kevin A. Endsley, Peter R. Robichaud
Year Published: 2016

Post-wildfire flooding and erosion can threaten lives, property and natural resources. Increased peak flows and sediment delivery due to the loss of surface vegetation cover and fire-induced changes in soil properties are of great concern to public safety. Burn severity maps derived from remote sensing data reflect fire-induced changes in vegetative cover and soil properties. Slope, soils, land cover and climate are also important factors that require consideration. Many modelling tools and datasets have been developed to assist remediation teams, but process-based and spatially explicit models are currently underutilised compared with simpler, lumped models because they are difficult to set up and require properly formatted spatial inputs. To facilitate the use of models in conjunction with remote sensing observations, we developed an online spatial database that rapidly generates properly formatted modelling datasets modified by user-supplied soil burn severity maps. Although assembling spatial model inputs can be both challenging and time-consuming, the methods we developed to rapidly update these inputs in response to a natural disaster are both simple and repeatable. Automating the creation of model inputs facilitates the wider use of more accurate, process-based models for spatially explicit predictions of post-fire erosion and runoff.

Citation: Miller, M. E.; Elliot, W. J.; Billmire, M.; Robichaud, P. R.; Endsley, K. A. 2016. Rapid-response tools and datasets for post-fire remediation: Linking remote sensing and process-based hydrological models. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 25: 1061-1073.
Topic(s): Post-fire Management, Post-fire Rehabilitation
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hot Topic(s): Post-fire Debris Flows
NRFSN number: 15538
Record updated: Oct 9, 2017