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Evaluation of post-wildfire debris flow mitigation methods and development of decision-support tools

Author(s): Paul M. Santi, J.D. Higgins, Susan H. Cannon, Jerome DeGraff
Year Published: 2006
Description:

In this study we analyzed the effectiveness of erosion control treatments in reducing post-fire debris-flow volume. We used detailed surveys of series channel cross sections in 46 basins in Colorado, Utah and California to develop graphs of the cumulative volume gain down the length of a channel. These graphs provide information about the relative magnitudes of contributions of materials to post-fire debris flows from hillslopes and channels. We also developed a multi-variate regression model that describes post-fire debris flow volume as a function of burn severity, basin characteristics and storm rainfall. This model was used to determine if post-fire debris flows can be effectively mitigated by reducing their potential volumes and to identify the size of basins that could be effectively mitigated. We also used field observations and information from emergency response personnel and practitioners to identify the most effective debris-flow hazard reduction methods.

Citation: Santi PM, Higgins J, Cannon S., DeGraff J, 2006, Evaluation of Post-Wildfire Debris Flow Mitigation Methods and Development of Decision-Support Tools. Final Report to Joint Fire Sciences Program, JFSP Contract 03-1-4-14, USGS Contract 04CRGR0001.
Topic(s): Fire Effects, Ecological - Second Order, Soils, Water
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 15774
FRAMES RCS number: 16527
Record updated: Nov 20, 2017