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A JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network
Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

Smoke and Air Quality Management

Here is where you describe this hot topic.

Upcoming Events

None.

Past Events

2nd International Smoke Symposium
November 14, 2016 to November 17, 2016
National Smoke Forum 2016
October 28, 2016
5th Annual Washington Prescribed Fire Conference
March 16, 2016 to March 17, 2016
9th Annual EPA Sponsored Smoke Management Meeting
March 14, 2016 to March 16, 2016
Meteorology and Climate - Modeling for Air Quality
September 16, 2015 to September 18, 2015
2015 Smoke Management in the Northwest Meeting
March 16, 2015 to March 18, 2015
Boise Basin Field Tour
September 17, 2014

Webinars/Videos

Wildland Fire Community Engagement and Data Visualization Tools
May 20, 2020
Ana G. Rappold, Mary Clare Hano
Understanding Smoke
Feb 19, 2019
David R. Weise
Wildland Fire Air Quality Response
Aug 2, 2018
Peter Lahm
Fire, Smoke, and Air Quality
Apr 23, 2018
Greg Johnson
Wildland Smoke Series: Webinar 3
Feb 1, 2018
Susan Stone, Nanette Vaughn, Kathy Moses
Wildland Smoke Series: Webinar 4
Feb 1, 2018
Joe Hostler, Kris Ray
Wildland Smoke Series: Webinar 5
Feb 1, 2018
Tony Ward, Kathleen Stewart, Eric Saganic
Wildland Smoke Series: Webinar 1
Feb 1, 2018
Sverre Vedal, Venkatesh Rao, M. Ian Gilmour
Wildland Smoke Series: Webinar 2
Feb 1, 2018
Kirk R. Baker, Carolyn Kelly, Gayle Hagler
Prescribed Fire: Smoke Management and Regulatory Challenges - Part 2
Jan 19, 2018
Mike Zupko, Peter Lahm, Mark A. Melvin, Mary Uhl
Air Quality and Human Health
Mar 21, 2017
Roger D. Ottmar
Fire and smoke model evaluation experiment (FASMEE)
Oct 6, 2016
Roger D. Ottmar, Narasimhan K. Larkin, Timothy J. Brown, Nancy H. F. French
Smoke forecasting tools: a case study in air quality response
Oct 22, 2014
Jonny Malloy, Ron Sherron
Basic smoke management practices
Apr 2, 2014
Peter Lahm
Smoke management: preparing and informing the public
Apr 17, 2012
Emily Irwin, Josh Hall
Introduction to WFDSS - air quality tools
Dec 12, 2011
Miriam Rogers
Wildland fire smoke messaging and perception
Jun 28, 2011
Sarah M. McCaffrey, Laura Falk McCarthy, Troy E. Hall, Christine Olsen
Emissions composition and human health
Feb 24, 2009
Trent Wickman
Introduction to air quality regulations
Feb 24, 2009
Mike George
Introduction to smoke management
Feb 24, 2009
Peter Lahm

Syntheses

2017 Effectiveness of public health messaging and communication channels during smoke events: a rapid systematic review
Jennifer A. Fish, Micah D. J. Peters, Imogen Ramsey, Greg Sharplin, Nadia Corsini, Marion Eckert
2015 A systematic review of the physical health impacts from non-occupational exposure to wildfire smoke
Jia C. Liu, Gavin Pereira, Sarah A. Uhl, Mercedes Bravo, Michelle L. Bell

Publications/Reports

2020 Mortality associated with wildfire smoke exposure in Washington state, 2006-2017: a case-crossover study
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Annie Doubleday, Jill Schulte, Lianne Sheppard, Matthew C. Kadlec, Ranil Dhammapala, Julie Fox, Tania M. Busch Isaksen
2020 Estimation of local daily PM2.5 concentration during wildfire episodes: integrating MODIS AOD with multivariate linear mixed effect (LME) models
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mojgan Mirzaei, Stefania Bertazzon, Isabelle Couloigner, Babak Farjad, Roland Ngom
2020 AQVx - an interactive visual display system for air pollution and public health
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Grant J. Williamson, Christopher Lucani
2020 Smoke in the Great Plains, USA: an increasing phenomenon with potential policy and health implications
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Heath D. Starns, Douglas R. Tolleson, Robert J. Agnew, Elijah G. Schnitzler, John R. Weir
2020 3D video semantic segmentation for wildfire smoke
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Guodong Zhu, Zhenxue Chen, Chengyun Liu, Xuewen Rong, Weikai He
2020 Quantifying how sources of uncertainty in combustible biomass propagate to prediction of wildland fire emissions
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Maureen C. Kennedy, Susan J. Prichard, Donald McKenzie, Nancy H. F. French
2020 Smoke and Roadway Safety Guide
Technical Report or White Paper
Gary M. Curcio, David Mueller, Peter Lahm, Mark Fitch, Joshua C. Hyde
2020 Quantification of organic aerosol and brown carbon evolution in fresh wildfire plumes
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brett B. Palm, Qiaoyun Peng, Carley D. Fredrickson, Ben H. Lee, Lauren A. Garofalo, Matson A. Pothier, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Delphine K. Farmer, Rudra P. Pokhrel, Yingjie Shen, Shane M. Murphy, Wade Permar, Lu Hu, Teresa L. Campos, Samuel R. Hall, Kirk Ullmann, Xuan Zhang, Frank Flocke, Emily V. Fischer, Joel A. Thornton
2019 Machine learning models accurately predict ozone exposure during wildfire events
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Gregory L. Watson, Donatello Telesca, Colleen Reid, Gabriele G. Pfister, Michael Jerrett
2019 Accessing the life in smoke: a new application of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) to sample wildland fire bioaerosol emissions and their environment
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Leda N. Kobziar, Melissa R.A. Pingree, Adam C. Watts, Kellen N. Nelson, Tyler J. Dreaden, Mary Ridout
2019 Machine learning models accurately model ozone exposure during wildfire events
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Gregory L. Watson, Donatello Telesca, Colleen Reid, Gabriele G. Pfister, Michael Jerrett
2019 Association between fire smoke fine particulate matter and asthma-related outcomes: systematic review and meta-analysis
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Nicolas Borchers-Arriagada, Joshua A. Horsley, Andrew J. Palmer, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Rachel Tham, Fay H. Johnston
2019 Will landscape fire increase in the future? A systems approach to climate, fire, fuel, and human drivers
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Karen L. Riley, A. Park Williams, Shawn P. Urbanski, David E. Calkin, Karen C. Short, Christopher D. O'Connor
2019 An examination of fuel moisture, energy release and emissions during laboratory burning of live wildland fuels
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Nathaniel W. May, Evan Ellicott, Michael J. Gollner
2019 Wildfire Smoke: A Guide for Public Health Officials
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan Lyon Stone
2019 Wildland firefighter smoke exposure and risk of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease mortality
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kathleen M. Navarro, Michael T. Kleinman, Chris E. Mackay, Timothy E. Reinhardt, John R. Balmes, George A. Broyles, Roger D. Ottmar, Luke P. Naher, Joseph W. Domitrovich
2019 Estimating fire smoke related health burden and novel tools to manage impacts on urban populations - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Technical Report or White Paper
Brian J. Reich, Ana G. Rappold, Fay H. Johnston, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Neal L. Fann, Martin E. Cope, Richard A. Broome
2019 A Multipollutant Smoke Emissions Sensing and Sampling Instrument Package for Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Development and Testing
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kellen N. Nelson, Jayne M. Boehmler, Andrey Y. Khlystov, Hans Moosmuller, Vera Samburova, Chiranjivi Bhattarai, Eric M. Wilcox, Adam C. Watts
2019 Fire behaviour and smoke modelling: model improvement and measurement needs for next-generation smoke research and forecasting systems
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Yongqiang Liu, Adam K. Kochanski, Kirk R. Baker, William E. Mell, Rodman Linn, Ronan Paugam, Jan Mandel, Aimé Fournier, Mary Ann Jenkins, Scott L. Goodrick, Gary Achtemeier, Fengjun Zhao, Roger D. Ottmar, Nancy H. F. French, Narasimhan K. Larkin, Timothy J. Brown, Andrew T. Hudak, Matthew B. Dickinson, Brian E. Potter, Craig B. Clements, Shawn P. Urbanski, Susan J. Prichard, Adam C. Watts, Derek McNamara
2019 Associations between respiratory health and ozone and fine particulate matter during a wildfire event
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Colleen Reid, Ellen M. Considine, Gregory L. Watson, Donatello Telesca, Gabriele G. Pfister, Michael Jerrett
2019 The impact of wildfires on particulate carbon in the western U.S.A
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Weeberb J. Requia, Brent A. Coull, Petros Koutrakis
2019 Measuring light absorption by freshly emitted organic aerosols: Optical artifacts in traditional solvent-extraction-based methods
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Nishit J. Shetty, Apoorva Pandey, Stephen P. Baker, Wei Min Hao, Rajan K. Chakrabarty
2019 A statistical model for predicting PM2.5 for the western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Amy Marsha, Narasimhan K. Larkin
2019 A dataset on human perception of and response to wildfire smoke
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mariah Fowler, Arash Modaresi Rad, Stephen Utych, Andrew Adams, Sanazsadat Alamian, Jennifer L. Pierce, Philip E. Dennison, John T. Abatzoglou, Amir AghaKouchak, Luke Montrose, Mojtaba Sadegh
2018 Wildfire smoke cools summer river and stream water temperatures
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Aaron T. David, J. Eli Asarian, Frank K. Lake
2018 Contiguous United States wildland fire emission estimates during 2003-2015
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Shawn P. Urbanski, Matthew C. Reeves, Rachel E. Corley, Robin P. Silverstein, Wei Min Hao
2018 A numerical study of atmospheric perturbations induced by heat from a wildland fire: sensitivity to vertical canopy structure and heat source strength
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Michael T. Kiefer, Shiyuan Zhong, Warren Heilman, Joseph J. Charney, Xindi Bian
2018 The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Neal L. Fann, Breanna Alman, Richard A. Broome, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Fay H. Johnston, George A. Pouliot, Ana G. Rappold
2018 Developing an online tool for identifying at-risk populations to wildfire smoke hazards
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Fuyuen Yip, Paul Garbe
2018 NWCG Smoke Management Guide for Prescribed Fire
Technical Report or White Paper
Janice L. Peterson, Peter Lahm, Mark Fitch, Michael H. George, Dennis V. Haddow, Mark A. Melvin, Joshua C. Hyde, Ellen Eberhardt
2018 Carbon cycle and climate effects of forcing from fire-emitted aerosols
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jean-Sebastien Landry, Antti-Ilari Partanen, H. Damon Matthews
2018 Optimizing smoke and plume rise modeling approaches at local scales
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Derek V. Mallia, Adam K. Kochanski, Shawn P. Urbanski, John C. Lin
2018 Wildland fire smoke and human health
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wayne E. Cascio
2018 Scientists aim to smoke out wildfire impacts
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Warren Cornwall
2018 Quantifying wildfire growth rates using smoke plume observations derived from weather radar
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Thomas J. Duff, Derek M. Chong, Trent D. Penman
2018 The impact of US wildland fires on ozone and particulate matter: a comparison of measurements and CMAQ model predictions from 2008 to 2012
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Joseph L. Wilkins, George A. Pouliot, Kristen Foley, Wyat Appel, Thomas E. Pierce
2018 Can air quality management drive sustainable fuels management at the temperate wildland-urban interface?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
David M. J. S. Bowman, Lori D. Daniels, Fay H. Johnston, Grant J. Williamson, William Matt Jolly, Sheryl Magzamen, Ana G. Rappold, Michael Brauer, Sarah B. Henderson
2017 Phase dynamics of wildland fire smoke emissions and their secondary organic aerosols
Technical Report or White Paper
Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Jeffrey R. Pierce
2017 A multi-region analysis of factors that influence public acceptance of smoke from different fire sources
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Christine Olsen, Eric L. Toman, Stacey S. Frederick
2017 Public use of information about smoke emissions: application of the risk information seeking and processing (RISP) model
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kathleen M. Rose, Eric Toman, Christine Olsen
2017 Wildfire smoke exposure and human health: significant gaps in research for a growing public health issue
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Carolyn Black, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Jed A. Bassein, Lisa A. Miller
2017 Emissions from prescribed burning of agricultural fields in the Pacific Northwest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Amara L. Holder, Brian K. Gullett, Shawn P. Urbanski, Robert Elleman, Susan M. O'Neill, Dennis Tabor, William Mitchell, Kirk R. Baker
2017 Smoke in a new era of fire
Technical Report or White Paper
Rachel White, Paul F. Hessburg, Narasimhan K. Larkin, J. Morgan Varner
2017 Aligning smoke management with ecological and public health goals
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jonathan Long, Leland W. Tarnay, Malcolm P. North
2017 Effectiveness of public health messaging and communication channels during smoke events: a rapid systematic review
Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
Jennifer A. Fish, Micah D. J. Peters, Imogen Ramsey, Greg Sharplin, Nadia Corsini, Marion Eckert
2017 Airborne measurements of western U.S. wildfire emissions: Comparison with prescribed burning and air quality implications
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Xiaoxi Liu, L. Gregory Huey, Robert J. Yokelson, Vanessa Selimovic, Isobel J. Simpson, Markus Muller, Jose L. Jimenez, Pedro Campuzano-Jost, Andreas J. Beyersdorf, Donald R. Blake, Zachary Butterfield, Yonghoon Choi, John D. Crounse, Douglas A. Day, Glenn S. Diskin, Manvendra K. Dubey, Edward Fortner, Thomas F. Hanisco, Weiwei Hu, Laura E. King, Lawrence Kleinman, Simone Meinardi, Tomas Mikoviny, Timothy B. Onasch, Brett B. Palm, Jeff Peischl, Ilana B. Pollack, Thomas B. Ryerson, Glen W. Sachse, Arthur J. Sedlacek, John E. Shilling, Stephen Springston, Jason M. St. Clair, David J. Tanner, Alexander P. Teng, Paul O. Wennberg, Armin Wisthaler, Glenn M. Wolfe
2017 Hierarchical 3D fuel and consumption maps to support physics-based fire modeling - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Technical Report or White Paper
Andrew T. Hudak, Susan J. Prichard, Robert E. Keane, E. Louise Loudermilk, Russell A. Parsons, Carl A. Seielstad, Eric Rowell, Nick Skowronski
2017 Application of an original wildfire smoke health cost benefits transfer protocol to the western US, 2005-2015
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Benjamin A. Jones, Robert P. Berrens
2017 Social media approaches to modeling wildfire smoke dispersion: spatiotemporal and social scientific investigations
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sonya Sachdeva, Sarah M. McCaffrey, Dexter Locke
2016 Toward an integrated system for fire, smoke and air quality simulations
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Adam K. Kochanski, Mary Ann Jenkins, Kara M. Yedinak, Jan Mandel, Jonathan Beezley, Brian K. Lamb
2016 Air-quality impacts and intake fraction of PM2.5 during the 2013 Rim Megafire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kathleen M. Navarro, Ricardo Cisneros, Susan M. O'Neill, Narasimhan K. Larkin, Don Schweizer, John R. Balmes
2016 Smoke management photographic guide: a visual aid for communicating impacts
Technical Report or White Paper
Joshua C. Hyde, Jarod Blades, Troy E. Hall, Roger D. Ottmar, Alistair M. S. Smith
2016 Particulate air pollution from wildfires in the western US under climate change
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jia Coco Liu, Loretta J. Mickley, Melissa P. Sulprizio, Francesca Dominici, Xu Yue, Keita Ebisu, Georgiana Brooke Anderson, Rafi F.A. Khan, Mercedes Bravo, Michelle L. Bell
2016 Characterizing public tolerance of smoke from wildland fires in communities across the United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jesse M. Engebretson, Troy E. Hall, Jarod Blades, Christine Olsen, Eric Toman, Stacey S. Frederick
2015 A case study comparison of LANDFIRE fuel loading and emissions on a mixed conifer forest in northern Idaho, USA
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Joshua C. Hyde, Eva K. Strand, Andrew T. Hudak, Dale Hamilton
2015 Verification of Spot Fire Weather Forecasts
Technical Report or White Paper
John D. Horel, Timothy J. Brown
2015 Modeling study of the contribution of fire emissions on BC concentrations and deposition rates
Technical Report or White Paper
Serena H. Chung, Brian K. Lamb, Farren Herron-Thorpe, Rodrigo Gonzalez-Abraham, Vikram Ravi, Tsengel Nergui, Joseph K. Vaughan, Narasimhan K. Larkin, Tara Strand
2015 Future mega-fires and smoke impacts
Technical Report or White Paper
Narasimhan K. Larkin, John T. Abatzoglou, Donald McKenzie, Brian E. Potter, E. Ashley Steel, Brian J. Stocks
2015 Wildfire smoke and public health risk
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fabienne Reisen, Sandra M. Duran, Michael D. Flannigan, Catherine Elliott, Karen Rideout
2015 Determination of the smoke-plume heights and their dynamics with ground-based scanning LIDAR
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Vladimir A. Kovalev, Alexander P. Petkov, Cyle E. Wold, Shawn P. Urbanski, Wei Min Hao
2014 Perverse incentives: the case of wildfire smoke regulation
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Kirsten H. Engel
2014 Impacts of mega-fires on large U.S. urban area air quality under changing climate and fuels
Technical Report or White Paper
Yongqiang Liu, Scott L. Goodrick, John A. Stanturf, Hanqin Tian
2014 Smoke management of wildland and prescribed fire: understanding public preferences and trade-offs
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jarod Blades, Steven R. Shook, Troy E. Hall
2014 The climate-wildfire-air quality system: interactions and feedbacks across spatial and temporal scales
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
E. Natasha Stavros, Donald McKenzie, Narasimhan K. Larkin
2013 Fuel moisture influences on fire-altered carbon in masticated fuels: an experimental study
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Nolan W. Brewer, Alistair M. S. Smith, Jeff A. Hatten, Philip E. Higuera, Andrew T. Hudak, Roger D. Ottmar, Wade T. Tinkham
2013 Wildfire smoke and health impacts: a closer look at fire attributes and their marginal effects
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
K. Moeltner, Man-Kuen Kim, E. Zhu, W. Yang
2013 The merits of prescribed fire outweigh potential carbon emission effects
Technical Report or White Paper
Association for Fire Ecology, International Association of Wildland Fire, Tall Timbers Research Station, The Nature Conservancy
2013 Gas-particle partitioning of primary organic aerosol emissions: 3. Biomass burning
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Andrew A. May, Ezra Levin, Christopher J. Hennigan, Ilona Riipinen, Taehyoung Lee, Jeffrey L. Collett, Jose L. Jimenez, Sonia M. Kreidenweis, Allen L. Robinson
2011 The wildland fire emission inventory: western United States emission estimates and an evaluation of uncertainty
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Shawn P. Urbanski, Wei Min Hao, Bryce L. Nordgren
2011 Emissions of air pollutants by Canadian wildfires from 2000 to 2004
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
David Lavoue, Brian J. Stocks
2011 Public perceptions and tolerance of smoke from prescribed and wildland fire
Technical Report or White Paper
Jarod Blades, Troy E. Hall
2010 The economic cost of adverse health effects from wildfire: a review
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Ikuho Kochi, Geoffrey H. Donovan, Patricia A. Champ, John B. Loomis
2010 The validity and utility of MODIS data for simple estimation of area burned and aerosols emitted by wildfire events
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Sarah B. Henderson, Charles Ichoku, Benjamin J. Burkholder, Michael Brauer, Peter L. Jackson
2009 A MODIS direct broadcast algorithm for mapping wildfire burned area in the western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Shawn P. Urbanski, J. Meghan Salmon, Bryce L. Nordgren, Wei Min Hao
2008 Wildfire smoke: a guide for public health officials
Technical Report or White Paper
Michael Lipsett, Barbara Materna, Susan Lyon Stone, Shannon Therriault, Robert Blaisdell, Jeff Cook
2006 Prescribed fire: what influences public approval?
Technical Report or White Paper
Sarah M. McCaffrey
2005 Simple algorithm to determine the near-edge smoke boundaries with scanning lidar
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Vladimir A. Kovalev, Cyle E. Wold, Jenny O. Newton, Wei Min Hao
2005 Acceptability of smoke from prescribed forest burning in the northern inland west: a focus group approach
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Brad R. Weisshaupt, Matthew S. Carroll, Keith A. Blatner, William D. Robinson, Pamela J. Jakes
2005 Near real-time emissions of trace gases and aerosol particles from biomass burning based on MODIS direct broadcast data
Conference Proceedings
Wei Min Hao, J. Meghan Salmon, Bryce L. Nordgren, Shawn P. Urbanski
2004 Smoke produced from residual combustion
Technical Report or White Paper
Ronald E. Babbitt, Wei Min Hao
2002 Wildland fire in ecosystems: effects of fire on air
Technical Report or White Paper
David V. Sandberg, Roger D. Ottmar, Janice L. Peterson, John Core
2002 Using a MODIS direct broadcast system to monitor fires and smoke, and forecast air quality
Conference Proceedings
Wei Min Hao, Yoram J. Kaufman, Jacques Descloitres, Christopher O. Justice, Robert Sohlberg, Thomas Bobbe
2001 Real-time smoke particulate sampling; fire storm 2000
Technical Report or White Paper
Andy Trent, Mary A. Davies, Richard Karsky, Richard W. Fisher
2000 Smoke exposure at western wildfires
Technical Report or White Paper
Timothy E. Reinhardt, Roger D. Ottmar
1998 Interim air quality policy on wildland and prescribed fires
Technical Report or White Paper
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
1996 Open-path Fourier transform infrared studies of large-scale laboratory biomass fires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Robert J. Yokelson, David W. T. Griffith, Darold E. Ward
1990 Hydrocarbon and biomass fuel fire field tests
Conference Proceedings
Lawrence F. Radke, Dean A. Hegg, J. David Nance, Jaime H. Lyons, Krista K. Laursen, R. J. Ferek, Peter V. Hobbs, Raymond E. Weiss
1988 Ammonia emissions from biomass burning
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Dean A. Hegg, Lawrence F. Radke, Peter V. Hobbs, Philip J. Riggan
1988 Airborne measurements on smokes from biomass burning
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Lawrence F. Radke, Dean A. Hegg, Jaime H. Lyons, Charles A. Brock, Peter V. Hobbs, Raymond E. Weiss, Rei A. Rasmussen
1974 Smoke column height related to fire intensity
Technical Report or White Paper
Rodney A. Norum
1971 Fire and smoke in Montana forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
William R. Beaufait