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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

225 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

No single factor produces wildfires; rather, they occur when fire thresholds (ignitions, fuels, and drought) are crossed. Anomalous weather events may lower these thresholds and thereby enhance the likelihood and spread of wildfires. Climate change increases the frequency with which some of these thresholds are crossed, extending...
Author(s): Juli G. Pausas, Jon E. Keeley
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfires were a frequent source of disturbance in forests of the Western United States prior to Euro-American settlement. Following a series of catastrophic wildfires in the Northern Rockies in 1910, the U.S. Forest Service adopted a broad wildfire suppression policy that has resulted in forests thick with small trees. These...
Author(s): Andrea Watts, Frederick C. Meinzer, Thomas A. Spies, Andrew G. Merschel, Steven L. Voelker
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Abrupt changes in wind direction and speed caused by thunderstorm-generated gust fronts can, within a few seconds, transform slow-spreading low-intensity flanking fires into high-intensity head fires. Flame heights and spread rates can more than double. Fire mitigation strategies are challenged and the safety of fire crews is put at...
Author(s): Gary Achtemeier, Scott L. Goodrick
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hillslope erosion has often been monitored with sediment fences, but these can underestimate sediment yields due to overtopping of runoff and associated sediment. We modified four sediment fences to collect and measure the runoff and sediment that overtopped the fence in addition to the sediment deposited behind the fence. Specific...
Author(s): Codie Wilson, Stephanie Kampf, Joseph W. Wagenbrenner, Lee H. MacDonald, Hunter Gleason
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Anthropogenic climate change is expected to cause an increase in fire danger over south-eastern Australia during the 21st century, primarily driven by increased surface temperature. Studies of future fire weather in Victoria, Australia, have so far mostly utilised direct output from general circulation models, which have inadequate...
Author(s): Scott Clark, Graham A. Mills, Timothy J. Brown, Sarah Harris, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Climate change is projected to exacerbate the intensity of heat-waves and drought, leading to greater incidences of large and high-intensity wildfires in forested ecosystems. While commonly-used remotely-sensed spectral assessments can provide useful information about the areal extent of fires and resultant changes in vegetation...
Author(s): Alex W. Kirkpatrick
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
Atmospheric forcing and interactions between the fire and atmosphere are primary drivers of wildland fire behavior. The atmosphere is known to be a chaotic system that, although deterministic, is very sensitive to small perturbations to initial conditions. We assume that as a result of the tight coupling between fire and atmosphere...
Author(s): Alexandra K. Jonko, Kara M. Yedinak, Juliana L. Conley, Rodman Linn
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
This work studies the characteristics of thunderstorms that cause lightning-caused wildfires in Catalonia, north-east Iberian Peninsula, using lightning and weather radar data. Although thunderstorms produce ~57 000 cloud-to-ground (CG) flashes yearly in Catalonia, only 1 in 1000 end up as a flaming wildfire. Characterisation of...
Author(s): Anna Soler, Nicolau Pineda, Helen San Segundo, Joan Bech, Joan Montanyà
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Key to the long-term resilience of dryland ecosystems is the recovery of foundation plant species following disturbance. In ecosystems with high interannual weather variability, understanding the influence of short-term environmental conditions on establishment of foundation species is essential for identifying vulnerable landscapes...
Author(s): Alexandra K. Urza, Peter J. Weisberg, David Board, Jeanne C. Chambers, Stanley G. Kitchen, Bruce A. Roundy
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We present novel in-field vegetation fire observations and the analyses using brightness temperatures recorded by longwave infrared camera and thermal image velocimetry. The brightness temperatures from a wind-driven stubble wheat fire were obtained with a 60 frames per second (fps) video acquisition. Multi-level sonic anemometers...
Author(s): Marwan Katurji, Jiawei Zhang, Ashley Satinsky, Hamish McNair, Benjamin Schumacher, Tara Strand, Andres Valencia, Mark A. Finney, H. Grant Pearce, Jessica Kerr, Daisuke Seto, Hugh Wallace, Peyman Zawar-Reza, Christina Dunker, Veronica R. Clifford, Katharine O. Melnik, Torben Grumstrup, Jason M. Forthofer, Craig B. Clements
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).