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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

179 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

Globally, fire regimes are being altered by changing climatic conditions. New fire regimes have the potential to drive species extinctions and cause ecosystem state changes, with a range of consequences for ecosystem services. Despite the co-occurrence of forest fires with drought, current approaches to modelling flammability...
Author(s): Rachael H. Nolan, Chris J. Blackman, Víctor Resco de Dios, Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn, Ximeng Li, Ross A. Bradstock, Matthias M. Boer
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
In arid and semiarid ecosystems, invasion by exotic grasses may be driving state changes in vegetation defined by losses of native shrub communities. Changes in wildfire regimes and fall precipitation timing related to climate change may promote fluctuations in resource availability that reinforces invasion and state changes in...
Author(s): Tara B. B. Bishop, Baylie C. Nusink, Rebecca Lee Molinari, Justin B. Taylor, Samuel B. St. Clair
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
With the increase in commercially available small unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), new observations in extreme environments are becoming more obtainable. One such application is the fire environment, wherein measuring both fire and atmospheric properties are challenging. The Fire and Smoke Model Evaluation Experiment offered the...
Author(s): Matthew J. Brewer, Craig B. Clements
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The relationship between wildland fire spread rate and wind has been a topic of study for over a century, but few laboratory studies report measurements in controlled winds exceeding 5 m s−1. In this study, measurements of fire rate of spread, flame residence time and energy release are reported for fires burning under controlled...
Author(s): Bret W. Butler, Steve Quarles, Christine Standohar-Alfano, Murray Morrison, Daniel M. Jimenez, Paul Sopko, Cyle E. Wold, Larry S. Bradshaw, Loren Atwood, Justin Landon, Joseph J. O'Brien, Benjamin Hornsby, Natalie S. Wagenbrenner, Wesley G. Page
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Drought and warming increasingly are causing widespread tree die-offs and extreme wildfires. Forest managers are struggling to improve anticipatory forest management practices given more frequent, extensive, and severe wildfire and tree die-off events triggered by “hotter drought”—drought under warmer than historical conditions. Of...
Author(s): Jason P. Field, David D. Breshears, John Bradford, Darin J. Law, Xiao Feng, Craig D. Allen
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We examined the seasonal distribution of lightning- and human-caused wildfires ≥ 2 ha in Canada for two time periods: 1959-2018 and 1981-2018. Furthermore, we investigated trends in seasonality, number of fires per year and number of days with fire starts per year for human- and lightning-caused fires. Nationally, lightning fires...
Author(s): Sean C. P. Coogan, Xinli Cai, Piyush Jain, Michael D. Flannigan
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The prediction of wildfire rate of spread and growth under high wind speeds and dry fuel moisture conditions is key to taking proactive actions to warn and in turn protect communities. We used two datasets of wildfires spreading under critical fire weather conditions to evaluate an existing rule of thumb that equates the forward...
Author(s): Miguel G. Cruz, Martin E. Alexander, Paulo M. Fernandes, Musa Kilinc, Ângelo Sil
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire management agencies use fire behaviour simulation tools to predict the potential spread of a fire in both risk planning and operationally during wildfires. These models are generally based on underlying empirical or quasi-empirical relations and rarely are uncertainties considered. Little attention has been given to the quality...
Author(s): Trent D. Penman, Dan Ababei, Jane G. Cawson, Brett Cirulis, Thomas J. Duff, W. Swedosh, J. E. Hilton
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Accurate predictions of how weather may affect a wildfire’s behavior are needed to protect crews on the line and efficiently allocate firefighting resources. Since 1988, fire meteorologists have used a tool called the Haines Index to predict days when the weather will exacerbate a wildfire. Although the Haines Index is widely...
Author(s): Andrea Watts, Brian E. Potter, Joseph J. Charney, Alan F. Srock
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Increases in burned area across the western US since the mid‐1980’s have been widely documented and linked partially to climate factors, yet evaluations of trends in fire severity are lacking. Here, we evaluate fire severity trends and their interannual relationships to climate for western US forests from 1985‐2017. Significant...
Author(s): Sean A. Parks, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).