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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are nearly 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

170 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

The relationship between wildland fire spread rate and wind has been a topic of study for over a century, but few laboratory studies report measurements in controlled winds exceeding 5 m s−1. In this study, measurements of fire rate of spread, flame residence time and energy release are reported for fires burning under controlled...
Author(s): Bret W. Butler, Steve Quarles, Christine Standohar-Alfano, Murray Morrison, Daniel M. Jimenez, Paul Sopko, Cyle E. Wold, Larry S. Bradshaw, Loren Atwood, Justin Landon, Joseph J. O'Brien, Benjamin Hornsby, Natalie S. Wagenbrenner, Wesley G. Page
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We examined the seasonal distribution of lightning- and human-caused wildfires ≥ 2 ha in Canada for two time periods: 1959-2018 and 1981-2018. Furthermore, we investigated trends in seasonality, number of fires per year and number of days with fire starts per year for human- and lightning-caused fires. Nationally, lightning fires...
Author(s): Sean C. P. Coogan, Xinli Cai, Piyush Jain, Michael D. Flannigan
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Accurate predictions of how weather may affect a wildfire’s behavior are needed to protect crews on the line and efficiently allocate firefighting resources. Since 1988, fire meteorologists have used a tool called the Haines Index to predict days when the weather will exacerbate a wildfire. Although the Haines Index is widely...
Author(s): Andrea Watts, Brian E. Potter, Joseph J. Charney, Alan F. Srock
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Fire-driven flows associated with wind intervention can dangerously threaten buildings in bushfire-prone areas by increasing pressure load on the structures through fire-wind enhancement phenomenon. This phenomenon through which wind is enhanced by interacting with fire is exacerbated when the affected terrain is located in a...
Author(s): Esmaeel Eftekharian, Maria Rashidi, Maryam Ghodrat, Yaping He, Kenny C.S. Kwok
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfire is a natural component of sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) steppe rangelands that induces temporal shifts in plant community physiognomy, ground surface conditions, and erosion rates. Fire alteration of the vegetation structure and ground cover in these ecosystems commonly amplifies soil losses by wind‐ and water‐driven erosion....
Author(s): Samantha P. Vega, C. Jason Williams, Erin S. Brooks, Frederick B. Pierson, Eva K. Strand, Peter R. Robichaud, Robert E. Brown, Mark S. Seyfried, Kathleen A. Lohse, Kayla Glossner, Jennifer L. Pierce, Clay Roehner
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Background tree mortality is a complex process that requires large sample sizes and long timescales to disentangle the suite of ecological factors that collectively contribute to tree stress, decline, and eventual mortality. Tree mortality associated with acute disturbance events, in contrast, is conspicuous and frequently studied,...
Author(s): Tucker J. Furniss, Andrew J. Larson, Van R. Kane, James A. Lutz
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Research Highlights: Our results suggest that weather is a primary driver of resource orders over the course of extended attack efforts on large fires. Incident Management Teams (IMTs) synthesize information about weather, fuels, and order resources based on expected fire growth rather than simply reacting to observed fire growth....
Author(s): Jude Bayham, Erin J. Belval, Matthew P. Thompson, Christopher J. Dunn, Crystal S. Stonesifer, David E. Calkin
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Abrupt changes in wind direction and speed can dramatically impact wildfire development and spread. Most importantly, such changes can pose significant problems to firefighting efforts and have resulted in a number of fire fatalities over the years. Frequent causes of such wind shifts are thunderstorm and convective system outflows...
Author(s): Jordan G. Powers, Jim Bresch, Craig S. Schwartz, Janice L. Coen, Ryan A. Sobash
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Extreme, downslope mountain winds often generate dangerous wildfire conditions. We used the wildfire spread model Fire Area Simulator (FARSITE) to simulate two wildfires influenced by strong wind events in Santa Barbara, CA. High spatial-resolution imagery for fuel maps and hourly wind downscaled to 100 m were used as model inputs,...
Author(s): Katelyn Zigner, Leila M. V. Carvalho, Seth H. Peterson, Francis M. Fujioka, Gert-Jan Duine, Charles Jones, Dar A. Roberts, Max A. Moritz
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Altered climate and changing fire regimes are synergistically impacting forest communities globally, resulting in deviations from historical norms and creation of novel successional dynamics. These changes are particularly important when considering the stability of a keystone species such as quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx...
Author(s): Susan K. McIlroy, Douglas J. Shinneman
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).