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Displaying 861 - 880 of 5348

Wildfires can have severe and lasting impacts on the water quality of aquatic ecosystems. However, our understanding of these impacts is founded primarily from studies of small watersheds with well-connected runoff regimes. Despite the predominance…
Author(s): Craig A. Emmerton, Colin A. Cooke, Sarah Hustins, Uldis Silins, Monica B. Emelko, Ted Lewis, Mary K. Kruk, Nadine Taube, Dongnan Zhu, Brian Jackson, Micheal Stone, Jason G. Kerr, John F. Orwin
Year Published:

To better understand the implications of the word resilience for western forest and fire management, this study explores its emerging use in a large body of policy and management documents produced between 1980 and 2016. We performed a computer-…
Author(s): Owen A. Selles, Adena R. Rissman
Year Published:

Potential impacts of soil temperatures in a post-fire environment were examined for seeds of legume species with a physical seed dormancy typically found in the eucalypt communities in eastern Australia. Soil temperatures in a post-fire environment…
Author(s): Sarah J. Hill, Tony D. Auld
Year Published:

Background: Wildfires in the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and western Montana, USA) have been immense in recent years, capturing the attention of resource managers, fire scientists, and the general public. This paper synthesizes…
Author(s): Jessica E. Halofsky, David L. Peterson, Brian J. Harvey
Year Published:

Historically open oak and pine savannas and woodlands have transitioned to closed forests comprised of increased numbers of tree species throughout the eastern United States. We reviewed evidence for and against a suite of previously postulated…
Author(s): Brice B. Hanberry, Marc D. Abrams, Mary A. Arthur, J. Morgan Varner
Year Published:

Air pollution with PM2.5 (particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micro-metres in diameter) is a major health hazard in many cities worldwide, but since measuring instruments have traditionally been expensive, monitoring sites are rare and generally…
Author(s): Hugh Forehead, Johan Barthelemy, Bilal Arshad, Nicolas Verstaevel, Owen F. Price, Pascal Perez
Year Published:

Natural disastrous events are part and parcel of our times and do occur when we least expect it to strike us. Disasters which take place in the vicinity of human livelihood due to natural causes, such as forest fires, tsunami, earthquakes, floods,…
Author(s): Aditya Dhall, Akash Dhasade, Mohan Raj V.K., Vinay Kulkarni
Year Published:

Site-specific information concerning fuel hazard characteristics is needed to support wildfire management interventions and fuel hazard reduction programs. Currently, routine visual assessments provide subjective information, with the resulting…
Author(s): Luke Wallace, Bryan Hally, Samuel Hillman, Simon D. Jones, Karin J. Reinke
Year Published:

Daily Fire Weather Index (FWI) System components calculated from the NASA Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2), are compared to FWI calculations from a global network of weather stations over 2004–2018…
Author(s): Robert Field
Year Published:

Wildfires are a serious threat to ecosystems and human life. Usually, smoke is generated before the flame, and due to the diffusing nature of the smoke, we can detect smoke from a distance, so wildfire smoke detection is especially important for…
Author(s): Guodong Zhu, Zhenxue Chen, Chengyun Liu, Xuewen Rong, Weikai He
Year Published:

Unforeseen Events and Climate Variability: How do land management decisions shape landscapes decades into the future? With the influence of climate change and its associated stressors, it's an increasingly thorny question. According to Paulette Ford…
Author(s): Jessica M. Brewen
Year Published:

In the mid-1950s Western Desert of Australia, Aboriginal populations were in decline as families left for ration depots, cattle stations, and mission settlements. In the context of reduced population density, an ideal free-distribution model…
Author(s): Rebecca Bliege Bird, Chloe McGuire, Douglas W. Bird, Michael H. Price, David Zeanah, Dale G. Nimmo
Year Published:

Fire frequency has decreased in many shrub-steppe communities. Re-introducing fire may be needed to increase spatial and temporal variability in vegetation, but is often hindered by concerns of undesired vegetation shifts. These concerns arise, in…
Author(s): Kirk W. Davies, Jonathan D. Bates
Year Published:

Within the realms of both wildland and prescribed fire, an understanding of how fire severity and forest structure interact is critical for improving fuels treatment effectiveness, quantifying the ramifications of wildfires, and improving fire…
Author(s): Nick Skowronski, Michael R. Gallagher, Timothy A. Warner
Year Published:

The destructive wildfires that occurred recently in the western US starkly foreshadow the possible future of forest ecosystems and human communities in the region. With increases in the area burned by severe wildfire in seasonally dry forests…
Author(s): Scott L. Stephens, Anthony L. Westerling, Matthew D. Hurteau, M. Zachariah Peery, Courtney Schultz, Sally Thompson
Year Published:

Regulation of building standards and residential development practices in the wildland-urban interface (WUI) is increasingly advocated as a possible avenue for wildfire risk reduction. However, many documented instances of successful wildfire…
Author(s): Catrin Edgeley, Travis B. Paveglio, Daniel R. Williams
Year Published:

Novel combinations of fire regime and forest type are emerging in areas affected by climate change, fire exclusion, and other stressors. Species interactions following wildfire in these areas are not well understood. In Sierra Nevada mixed conifer…
Author(s): Carmen L. Tubbesing, Scott L. Stephens
Year Published:

Central to public health risk communication is understanding the perspectives and shared values among individuals who need the information. Using the responses from a Smoke Sense citizen science project, we examined perspectives on the issue of…
Author(s): Mary Clare Hano, Steven E. Prince, Linda Wei, Bryan Hubbell, Ana G. Rappold
Year Published:

Assessing wildfire risk presents several challenges due to uncertainty in fuel flammability and ignition potential. Live fuel moisture content (LFMC) - the mass of water per unit dry biomass in vegetation - exerts a direct control on fuel…
Author(s): Krishna Rao, A. Park Williams, Jacqueline Fortin Flefil, Alexandra G. Konings
Year Published:

Wildfires are exorbitantly cataclysmic disasters that lead to the destruction of forest cover, wildlife, land resources, human assets, reduced soil fertility and global warming. Every year wildfires wreck havoc across the globe. Therefore, there is…
Author(s): Harkiran Kaur, Sandeep K. Sood
Year Published: