Crystal L. Raymond
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Behavior
Fire Prediction
Fuel Treatments & Effects
Montane dry mixed-conifer forest, Ponderosa pine woodland/savanna, Juniper woodland

NRFSN number: 8155
FRAMES RCS number: 6639
Record updated: September 10, 2023

The Guide to Fuel Treatments (Johnson and others 2007) analyzes potential fuel treatments and the potential effects of those treatments for dry forest lands in the Western United States. The guide examines low- to mid-elevation dry forest stands with high stem densities and heavy ladder fuels, which are currently common due to fire exclusion and various land management practices, such as timber harvesting. These stands are the focus of potential management activities intended to modify forest structure and fuels to reduce crown fire hazard on public lands. The guide is intended for use by fire managers, silviculturists, and other resource specialists who are interested in evaluating the effects of fuel treatments on dry forest ecosystems.


Johnson, Morris.; Peterson, David L.; Raymond, Crystal. 2009. Fuel treatment guidebook: illustrating treatment effects on fire hazard. Fire Management Today. 69(2): 29-33.