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Landscape fire simulation and fuel treatment optimization

Author(s): Mark A. Finney
Editor(s): Jane L. Hayes, R. James Barbour, Alan A. Ager
Year Published: 2004

Fuel treatment effects on the growth and behavior of large wildland fires depend on the spatial arrangements of individual treatment units. Evidence of this is found in burn patterns of wildland fires. During planning stages, fire simulation is most often used to anticipate effects of fuel treatment units. Theoretical modeling shows that random patterns are inefficient in changing large-fire growth rates compared to strategic designs. For complex landscapes, computational methods are being developed to identify optimal placement of fuel treatment units that collectively disrupt fire growth similarly to the strategic patterns. By combining these algorithms with forest simulations over long periods (say 50 years), the long-term effects of various treatment strategies can be compared.

Citation: Hayes, Jane L.; Ager, Alan. A.; Barbour, R. James, tech. eds. 2004. Methods for integrated modeling of landscape change: Interior Northwest Landscape Analysis System. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-610. Portland, OR: USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 218 p.
Topic(s): Fire Behavior, Simulation Modeling
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Technical Report or White Paper
Hot Topic(s): Fire Behavior Prediction
NRFSN number: 111
FRAMES RCS number: 1485
Record updated: Jul 6, 2018