Search by keywords, then use filters to narrow down results by type, year, topic, or ecosystem.

Displaying 181 - 200 of 5348

Wildfire is a complex problem because of the diverse mix of actors and landowners involved, uncertainty about outcomes and future conditions, and unavoidable trade-offs that require ongoing negotiation. In this perspective, we argue that addressing…
Author(s): Brett Alan Miller, Laurie Yung, Carina Wyborn, Maureen Essen, Benjamin Gray, Daniel R. Williams
Year Published:

Under the influence of climate change, wildfire regimes are expected to intensify and expand to new areas, increasing threats to natural and socioeconomic assets. We explore the environmental and economic implications for the forest sector of…
Author(s): Miguel Rivière, F. Pimont, Philippe Delacote, Julien Ruffault, Antonello Lobianco, Thomas Opitz, Jean-Luc Dupuy
Year Published:

Conflict in US forest management for decades centered around balancing demands from forested ecosystems, with a rise in place-based collaborative governance at the end of the twentieth century. By the early 2000s, it was becoming apparent that not…
Author(s): Courtney Schultz, Jesse Abrams, Emily Jane Davis, Anthony S. Cheng, Heidi Huber-Stearns, Cassandra Moseley
Year Published:

In 2020, the fire season affecting the western United States reached unprecedented levels. The 116 fires active in September consumed nearly 20,822 km2 (https://inciweb.nwcg.gov/accessible-view/ Accessed 2020-09-29) with 80% of this footprint (16,…
Author(s): Cory T. Overton, Austen A. Lorenz, Eric James, Ravan Ahmadov, John M. Eadie, Fiona McDuie, Mark J. Petrie, Chris A. Nicolai, Melanie L. Weaver, Daniel A. Skalos, Daniel A. Skalos, Shannon M. Skalos, Andrea L. Mott, Desmond A. Mackell, Anna Kennedy, Elliott L. Matchett, Michael L. Casazza
Year Published:

Increasing wildfire activity has spurred ecological resilience-based management that aims to reduce the vulnerability of forest stands to wildfire by reducing the probability of crown fire. Targeted grazing is increasingly being used to build forest…
Author(s): Victoria M. Donovan, Caleb P. Roberts, Dillon T. Fogarty, David A. Wedin, Dirac Twidwell
Year Published:

Fire suppression and the loss of western white pine (WWP) have made northern Rocky Mountain moist mixed-conifer forests less disturbance resilient. Although managers are installing hundreds of plantations, most of these plantations have not…
Author(s): Theresa B. Jain, Andrew S. Nelson, Benjamin C. Bright, John C. Byrne, Andrew T. Hudak
Year Published:

Federal land managers in the United States are permitted to manage wildfires with strategies other than full suppression under appropriate conditions to achieve natural resource objectives. However, policy and scientific support for “managed…
Author(s): Emily Jane Davis, Heidi Huber-Stearns, Michael D. Caggiano, Darren McAvoy, Anthony S. Cheng, A. Deak, A. Evans
Year Published:

Background: Humans have altered fire regimes across ecosystems due to climate change, land use change, and increasing ignition. Unprecedented shifts in fire regimes affect animals and contribute to habitat displacement, reduced movement, and…
Author(s): Rasoul Khosravi, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Roya Adavoudi, Leila Julaie, Ho Yi Wan
Year Published:

Background: Wildfires are important global disturbances influencing ecosystem structure and composition. The moisture content of living and senescent plant components are key determinants of wildfire activity, yet our understanding of how seasonal…
Author(s): Tegan P. Brown, Zachary Hoylman, Elliot T. Conrad, Zachary A. Holden, Kelsey Jencso, William Matt Jolly
Year Published:

During the last 20 years extreme wildfires have challenged firefighting capabilities. Often, the prediction of the extreme behaviour is essential for the safety of citizens and firefighters. Currently, there are several fire danger indices routinely…
Author(s): Tomàs Artés, Marc Castellnou, Tracy Houston Durrant, Jesús San-Miguel
Year Published:

Background: Low-severity prescribed fire is an important tool to manage fire-maintained forests across North America. In dry conifer forests of the western USA, prescribed fire is often used to reduce fuel loads in forests characterized historically…
Author(s): Victoria A. Saab, Quresh Latif, William M. Block, Jonathan G. Dudley
Year Published:

Wildfire occurrence and severity is predicted to increase in the upcoming decades with severe negative impacts on human societies. The impacts of upwind wildfire activity on glacier melt, a critical source of freshwater for downstream environments,…
Author(s): Caroline Aubry-Wake, André Bertoncini, John W. Pomeroy
Year Published:

Background: Recent increases in wildfire activity in the Western USA are commonly attributed to a confluence of factors including climate change, human activity, and the accumulation of fuels due to fire suppression. However, a shortage of long-term…
Author(s): Gabrielle Boisrame, Timothy J. Brown, Dominique Bachelet
Year Published:

Payments for watershed services (PWS) programs are becoming a popular governance approach in the western United States (US) to fund forest management aimed at source water protection. In this paper we conduct a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of one of…
Author(s): Kelly W. Jones, Benjamin Gannon, Thomas Timberlake, James L. Chamberlain, Brett Wolk
Year Published:

The revitalization of cultural burning is a priority for many Native American tribes and for agencies and organizations that recognize the cultural and ecological importance of this practice. Traditional fire practitioners are working to resist the…
Author(s): Chris Adlam, Diana Almendariz, Ron Goode, Deniss Martinez, Beth Rose Middleton
Year Published:

Wildfire extent and their impacts are increasing around the world. Fire management agencies use fire behaviour simulation models operationally (during a wildfire event) or strategically for risk assessment and treatment. These models provide…
Author(s): Trent D. Penman, Sarah C. McColl-Gausden, Brett Cirulis, D. Kultaev, Dan Ababei, Lauren T. Bennett
Year Published:

Understanding naturally occurring pine regeneration dynamics in response to thinning and burning treatments is necessary not only to measure the longevity of the restoration or fuels treatment, but also to assess how well regeneration meets forest…
Author(s): Tzeidle N. Wasserman, Amy E. M. Waltz, John Paul Roccaforte, Judith D. Springer, Joseph E. Crouse
Year Published:

In fire-prone forests, postfire tree recovery may be limited by climate conditions and fire activity that exceed the range of conditions under which these forests evolved, leading to major shifts in forest structure and composition. Transformations…
Author(s): Tyler J. Hoecker, Monica G. Turner
Year Published:

Maximizing the effectiveness of fuel treatments at the landscape scale is a key research and management need given the inability to treat all areas at risk from wildfire, and there is a growing body of scientific literature assessing this need. We…
Author(s): Theresa B. Jain, Ilana L. Abrahamson, Nathaniel Anderson, Sharon M. Hood, Brice B. Hanberry, Francis F. Kilkenny, Shawn T. McKinney, Jeffrey E. Ott, Alexandra K. Urza, Jeanne C. Chambers, Michael A. Battaglia, J. Morgan Varner, Joseph O’Brien
Year Published:

Analyses of the effects of topography, weather, land management, and fuel on fire severity are increasingly common, and generally apply fire severity indices derived from satellite optical remote sensing. However, these indices are commonly…
Author(s): Matthew G. Gale, Geoffrey J. Cary
Year Published: