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Wildfires are a perennial event globally, and the biogeochemical underpinnings of soil responses at relevant spatial and temporal scales are unclear. Soil biogeochemical processes regulate plant growth and nutrient losses that affect water quality,…
Author(s): Alexander S. Honeyman, Timothy S. Fegel, Henry F. Peel, Nicole A. Masters, David C. Vuono, William Kleiber, Charles C. Rhoades, John R. Spear
Year Published:

Remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) are providing fresh perspectives for the remote sensing of fire. One opportunity is mapping tree crown scorch following fires, which can support science and management. This proof-of-concept shows that crown…
Author(s): Christopher J. Moran, Valentijn Hoff, Russell A. Parsons, Lloyd P. Queen, Carl A. Seielstad
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Accurate assessment of burn severity is a critical need for an improved understanding of fire behavior and ecology and effective post-fire management. Although NASA Landsat satellites have a long history of use for remotely sensed mapping of burn…
Author(s): Alexander A. Howe, Sean A. Parks, Brian J. Harvey, Saba Saberi, James A. Lutz, Larissa L. Yocom
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The number and size of wildfires in the western United States have increased dramatically in the last 30 years. The rising cost of wildfire suppression has become a significant concern for all levels of government, although most attention has been…
Author(s): Chelsea P. McIver, Philip S. Cook, Dennis Becker
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Cairpol and Aeroqual air quality sensors measuring CO, CO2, NO2, and other species were tested on fresh biomass burning plumes in field and laboratory environments. We evaluated the sensors by comparing 1 min sensor measurements to collocated…
Author(s): Andrew Whitehill, Russell W. Long, Shawn P. Urbanski, Maribel Colón, Andrew Habel, Matthew S. Landis
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Native American and Alaska Native tribes manage millions of acres of land and are leaders in forestry and fire management practices despite inadequate and inequitable funding. Native American tribes are rarely considered as research partners due to…
Author(s): Michael J. Dockry, Serra Hoagland, Adrian Leighton, Jim Durglo, Amit Pradhananga
Year Published:

Over the past several decades, the management of historically frequent-fire forests in the western U.S. has received significant attention due to the linked ecological and social risks posed by the increased occurrence of large, contiguous patches…
Author(s): Scott M. Ritter, Chad M. Hoffman, Michael A. Battaglia, Theresa B. Jain
Year Published:

Background: Mountain pine beetle (MPB) is a native disturbance agent across most pine forests in the western US. Climate changes will directly and indirectly impact frequencies and severities of MPB outbreaks, which can then alter fuel…
Author(s): Robert E. Keane, Barbara J. Bentz, Lisa M. Holsinger, Victoria A. Saab, Rachel A. Loehman
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Fire is a natural ecosystem process that helps maintain and revitalize healthy landscapes, but wildfires can pose significant threats to public and firefighter safety, property, water and air quality, and other values. Finding an appropriate balance…
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, David L. Martell, Erin J. Belval
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Remote sensing techniques are of particular interest for monitoring wildfire effects on soil properties, which may be highly context-dependent in large and heterogeneous burned landscapes. Despite the physical sense of synthetic aperture radar (SAR…
Author(s): José Manuel Fernández-Guisuraga, Elena Marcos, Susana Suárez-Seoane, Leonor Calvo
Year Published:

Managing wildfire risk across boundaries and scales is critical in fire-prone landscapes around the world, as a variety of actors undertake mitigation and response activities according to jurisdictional, conceptual and administrative boundaries,…
Author(s): Heidi Huber-Stearns, Emily Jane Davis, Anthony S. Cheng, A. Deak
Year Published:

Wildfires are an essential part of a healthy ecosystem, yet the expansion of the wildland-urban interface, combined with climatic changes and other anthropogenic activities, have led to the rise of wildfire hazards in the past few decades. Managing…
Author(s): Negar Elhami-Khorasani, Hamed Ebrahimian, Lawrence Buja, Susan L. Cutter, Branko Kosović, Neil P. Lareau, Brian J. Meacham, Eric Rowell, Ertugrul Taciroglu, Matthew P. Thompson, Adam C. Watts
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Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) is an ecologically important subalpine and treeline forest tree of the western U.S. and Canada. It is categorized as endangered by the IUCN and by Canada under the Species at Risk Act and was recently…
Author(s): Diana F. Tomback, Robert E. Keane, Anna W. Schoettle, Richard A. Sniezko, Melissa Jenkins, Cara R. Nelson, A. D. Bower, Clay R. DeMastus, Emily Guiberson, Jodie Krakowski, Michael P. Murray, Elizabeth R. Pansing, Julee Shamhart
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Purpose of Review: Climate change will continue to alter spatial and temporal variation in fire characteristics, or pyrodiversity. The causes of pyrodiversity and its consequences for biological communities are emerging as a promising research area…
Author(s): Gavin M. Jones, J. Ayars, Sean A. Parks, Helen E. Chmura, Samuel A. Cushman, Jamie Sanderlin
Year Published:

Wildfires have become an increasing threat for Mediterranean ecosystems, due to increasing climate change induced wildfire activity and changing land management practises. In addition to the initial risk, wildfires can alter the soil in various ways…
Author(s): Dante Follmi, J. E. M. Baartman, Akli Benali, João Pedro Nunes
Year Published:

Pollution from wildfires constitutes a growing source of poor air quality globally. To protect health, governments largely rely on citizens to limit their own wildfire smoke exposures, but the effectiveness of this strategy is hard to observe. Using…
Author(s): Marshall Burke, Sam Heft-Neal, Jessica Li, Anne Driscoll, Patrick Baylis, Matthieu Stigler, Joakim A. Weill, Jennifer Burney, Marissa L. Childs, Carlos F. Gould
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In 2016, the US Forest Service initiated small-group safety discussions among members of its wildland firefighting organisation. Known as the Life First National Engagement Sessions, the discussions presented an opportunity for wildland firefighters…
Author(s): David Flores, Emily Haire
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Background ‘Megafire’ is an emerging concept commonly used to describe fires that are extreme in terms of size, behaviour, and/or impacts, but the term’s meaning remains ambiguous. Approach We sought to resolve ambiguity surrounding the meaning of ‘…
Author(s): Grant D. Linley, Chris J. Jolly, Tim S. Doherty, William L. Geary, Dolors Armenteras, Claire M. Belcher, Rebecca Bliege Bird, Andrea Duane, Michael-Shawn Fletcher, Melisa A. Giorgis, Angie Haslem, Gavin M. Jones, Luke T. Kelly, Calvin F. K. Lee, Rachael H. Nolan, Catherine L. Parr, Juli G. Pausas, Jodi N. Price, Adrián Regos, Euan G. Ritchie, Julien Ruffault, Grant J. Williamson, Qianhan Wu, Dale G. Nimmo
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The precipitous decline of the keystone species whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) has resulted in dramatic changes to many high elevation ecosystems in the western U.S. and Canada. To restore these ecosystems, there is a need to establish…
Author(s): M. B. Jenkins, Anna W. Schoettle, Jessica W. Wright, Karl A. Anderson, Joseph Fortier, Linh Hoang, Tony Incashola, Robert E. Keane, Jodie Krakowski, Dawn M. LeFluer, Sabine Mellmann-Brown, Elliot D. Meyer, ShiNaasha Pete, Katherine M. Renwick, Robert Sissons
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Forested watersheds provide many ecosystem services, such as the filtration of sediment, pollutants, and nutrients, which are increasingly threatened by wildfire. Stream nutrient concentrations often increase following wildfire and can remain…
Author(s): Allison E. Rhea, Tim Covino, Charles C. Rhoades, Alexander C. Brooks
Year Published: