Emily Haire
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Organizational Culture & Identity

NRFSN number: 25124
Record updated: December 9, 2022

Almost half of all Americans (45 percent) reported that their lives were affected a lot by COVID-19 pandemic conditions in 2020 and experienced a lot of worry and stress on a daily basis (Gallup, Inc. 2021). Nevertheless, even more said that they thrived. The study of human populations is rife with such paradoxes, especially during moments of change, when habits are shaken but values are clarified. Even in relatively uniform social groups, the same event can spur a wide variety of responses.


Haire, Emily. 2022. COVID shots: Hotshot superintendents reflect on the COVID fire year of 2020. Fire Management Today. 80(1): 41-48.

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