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Early avian functional assemblages after fire, clearcutting, and post-fire salvage logging in North American forests

Author(s): Fidèle Bognounou, Lisa A. Venier, Steven L. Van Wilgenburg, Isabelle Aubin, Jean-Noel Candau, Andre Arsenault, Christian Hebert, Jacques Ibarzabal, Samantha J. Song, Louis De Grandpré
Year Published: 2021
Description:

Increased demand for timber, the reduction in the available timber resources, and more frequent and severe forest fires under a changing climate have increased the use of salvage logging in North American forests despite concerns regarding impacts on biodiversity and long-term forest productivity. We aimed to complement previous approaches that used bird species richness or individual abundance in salvage-logged habitats to assess the sustainability of this practice. We looked for commonalities in the taxonomic, functional, and phylogenetic components of bird assemblages among these three post-disturbance habitats across a broad geographic range. We compiled six North American datasets selected from primary and grey literature that documented species composition of avian assemblages in habitats after recent fire, post-fire salvage logging, and traditional logging. Our results revealed contrasting patterns of bird trait assemblage among burned, post-fire salvage, and traditionally logged habitats. In salvage-logged habitats, taxonomic diversity, functional diversity, and functional and phylogenetic redundancy were significantly lower than in both burned and traditionally logged habitats. The frequency of insectivores was significantly lower after salvage logging than after both fire and traditional logging. These findings suggest that cumulative disturbances have a negative effect on early assembly of bird communities. The outcomes of this study encourage further assessments, at landscape level, of salvage logging intensity, burn size, and fire severity on bird functional structure to better plan for their conservation.

Citation: Bognounou, Fidèle; Venier, Lisa A.; Van Wilgenburg, Steven L.; Aubin, Isabelle; Candau, Jean-Noel; Arsenault, Andre; Hebert, Christian; Ibarzabal, Jaques; Song, Samantha J.; De Grandpré, Louis. 2021. Early avian functional assemblages after fire, clearcutting, and post-fire salvage logging in North American forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 51(3):393-407. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2020-0145
Topic(s): Fire & Climate, Fire & Wildlife, Birds, Post-fire Management, Salvage Logging
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 22865
FRAMES RCS number: 63040
Record updated: Apr 6, 2021