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The Wait and See Literature: A Rapid Systematic Review

Author(s): Ken Strahan, John Gilbert
Year Published: 2021

Delaying protective action decision making in wildfire is inconsistent with fire authorities’ advice and is associated with fatalities. A comprehensive understanding of why at-risk residents wait and see whether they will evacuate from a wildfire or remain to shelter or defend can better inform wildfire safety policy and practice. This systematic review reports the findings of 40 papers selected from 255 identified through a search of papers in Scopus, Science Direct and Google Scholar published between 1995 and December 2020 in English. This review establishes the extent of wait and see behaviour; grounds for concern for such behaviour; reasons protective action is delayed; the influence of information and warnings; relevance of gender and other characteristics; delay by those who defend their property; and policy implications. This review also details 11 seminal studies that capture much of the evidence on the delay of protective action in wildfire.

Citation: Strahan, Kenneth; Gilbert, John. 2021. The wait and see literature: a rapid systematic review. Fire 4(1):4.
Topic(s): Human Dimensions of Fire Management
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 22699
FRAMES RCS number: 62760
Record updated: Mar 8, 2021