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William Nikolakis, Emma Roberts, Ngaio Hotte, Russell Myers Ross
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Effects
Fire & Traditional Knowledge
Recovery after fire

NRFSN number: 22219
FRAMES RCS number: 62322
Record updated:

After generations of fire-suppression policy, Indigenous fire management (IFM) is being reactivated as one way to mitigate wildfire in fire-prone ecosystems. Research has documented that IFM also mitigates carbon emissions, improves livelihoods and enhances well-being among participants. This study documents the goals of the Yunesit’in and Xeni Gwet’in First Nations as they develop a fire management program in central British Columbia, Canada. Drawing on goal setting theory and interviews, a qualitative coding and cluster analysis identified three general goals from fire management: (1) strengthen cultural connection and well-being, (2) restore the health of the land and (3) respect traditional laws. Sub-goals included enhancing community member health and well-being, improving fire management practices to maintain ‘pyrodiversity’ and food security and re-empowering Indigenous laws and practices. This community-developed framework will guide program evaluation and brings insight to a theory of IFM.


Nikolakis, William; Roberts, Emma; Hotte, Ngaio; Ross, Russell Myers. 2020. Goal setting and Indigenous fire management: a holistic perspective. International Journal of Wildland Fire 29(11):974-982.

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