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A web-based wildfire simulator for operational applications

Author(s): Bachisio Arca, Tiziano Ghisu, Marcello Casula, Michele Salis, Pierpaolo Duce
Year Published: 2019

Wildfire simulators and decision support systems can assist the incident command teams in charge of tactical wildfire suppression. This paper presents a web-based wildfire simulator developed to provide real-time support for wildfire management. The paper describes the overall software architecture, the modelling chain characteristics and the results produced by the simulator considering a set of actual wildfires that occurred in the island of Sardinia, Italy. The simulator consists of a graphical user interface that deals with data input–output management, a mass-consistent model devoted to the downscaling of wind fields, and a module that provides a spatially explicit representation of wildfire propagation. The simulator is a client‐server application that is operated through a web-based graphical user interface that leaves the computational work to a dedicated server; most of the code is parallelised in order to minimise computational run-time. The validation phase demonstrated the capabilities of the simulator in providing wildfire predictions with a substantial agreement with actual wildfires, and a computational cost suitable for faster than real-time applications. The simulator is proposed as a tool to provide assistance to civil protection and fire management agencies during the incident response phase. The simulator is also appropriate for the training of personnel.

Citation: Arca B, Ghisu T, Casula M, Salis M, Duce P. 2019. A web-based wildfire simulator for operational applications. International Journal of Wildland Fire 28(2):99-112. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF18078
Topic(s): Fire Behavior, Simulation Modeling
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 18996
FRAMES RCS number: 57313
Record updated: Mar 12, 2019