A JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network
Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

Potentials and limitations of remote fire monitoring in protected areas

Author(s): João Flávio Costa dos Santos , Joyce Machado Nunes Romeiro , José Batuíra de Assis, Fillipe Tamiozzo Pereira Torres, José Marinaldo Gleriani
Year Published: 2018

Protected areas (PAs) play an important role in maintaining the biodiversity and ecological processes of the site. One of the greatest challenges for the PA management in several biomes in the world is wildfires. The objective of this work was to evaluate the potentialities and limitations of the use of data obtained by orbital remote sensing in the monitoring fire occurrence in PAs. Fire Occurrence Records (FORs) were analyzed in Serra do Brigadeiro State Park, Minas Gerais, Brazil, from 2007 to 2015, using photo interpreted data from TM, ETM+ and OLI sensors of the Landsat series and the Hot Spot Database (HSD) from the Brazilian Institute of Space Research - INPE. It was also observed the time of permanence of the scar left by fire on the landscape, through the multitemporal analysis of the behavior of NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and NBR (Normalized Burn Ratio) indexes, before and after the occurrence. The greatest limitation found for the orbital remote monitoring was the presence of clouds in the passage of the sensor in dates close to the occurrence of the fires. The burned area identified by photo interpretation was 54.9% less than the area contained in the FOR. Although the HSD reported fire occurrences in the buffer zone (up to 10 km from the Park), no FORs were found at a distance greater than 1100 m from the boundaries of the PA. As the main potential of remote sensing, the possibility of identifying burned areas throughout the park and surroundings is highlighted, with low costs and greater accuracy.

Citation: dos Santos, João Flávio Costa; Romeiro, Joyce Machado Nunes; de Assis, José Batuíra; Torres, Fillipe Tamiozzo Pereira; Gleriani, José Marinaldo. 2018. Potentials and limitations of remote fire monitoring in protected areas. Science of The Total Environment 616-617:1347-1355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.10.182
Topic(s): Fire & Wilderness
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 17289
FRAMES RCS number: 25579
Record updated: Apr 11, 2018