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A case for developing place-based fire management strategies from traditional ecological knowledge

Author(s): Lily A. Ray, Crystal A. Kolden, F. Stuart Chapin
Year Published: 2012

Sustainability science promotes place-based resource management because natural processes vary among ecosystems. When local science is limited, land managers may be forced to generalize from other ecosystems that function differently. One proposed solution is to draw upon the traditional ecological knowledge that indigenous groups have accumulated through resource use. Integrating traditional ecological knowledge with conventional resource management is difficult, especially when the two offer competing explanations of local environments. Although resource managers may discount traditional ecological knowledge that contradicts conventional resource management, we investigate the possibility that these disagreements can arise when nonlocal resource management generalizations displace place-based science. Specifically, we compare claims about wildfires made by Athabascan forest users residing in or near the Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge and in the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service fire management plan for that refuge. We focus on two aspects of fire ecology and management: the drivers of landscape flammability and the feasibility of using wildfires and prescribed burns to achieve resource management objectives. The results indicated that some disagreements came from reliance of the federal fire management plan on generalized national narratives at the expense of place-based science. We propose that in some cases, conflicts between traditional ecological knowledge and conventional resource management, rather than indicating a dead end, can identify topics requiring in-depth, place-based research.

Citation: Ray, L. A., C. A. Kolden, and F. Stuart Chapin III. 2012. A case for developing place-based fire management strategies from traditional ecological knowledge. Ecology and Society 17(3): 37. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05070-170337
Topic(s): Fire Communication & Education, Public Perspectives of Fire Management, Fire & Traditional Knowledge
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 16101
Record updated: Apr 23, 2018