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Natural regeneration after harvest and residue treatment in a mixed-conifer forest of northwestern Montana

Author(s): Raymond C. Shearer, Jack A. Schmidt
Year Published: 1999
Description:

In 1974, two clearcuts, two shelterwoods, and two sets of eight group selections (equally divided between two elevation zones) were harvested on the Coram Experimental Forest in northwestern Montana. Four levels of tree and residue utilization were compared. Moist fuels on approximately half of each area were poorly burned by prescribed fires in September 1975. Natural regeneration on these treatments was compared in 1979, 1987, and 1992. Regeneration of western larch (Larix occidentalis Nutt.) began in 1975 on soil exposed during yarding of logs and continued mostly in 1977 and 1979 on these scarified sites and other burned areas. Competing vegetation curtailed establishment of larch seedlings much past 1979 on these sites. Few Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) regenerated before 1979 but aggressively established through 1992. Engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry) and subalpine fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt) regeneration began in 1979 and is increasing slowly throughout the area. Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.) and western red cedar (Thuja plicata Donn.) also slowly regenerate moister areas of the lower elevation units.

Citation: Shearer, Raymond C.; Schmidt, Jack A. 1999. Natural regeneration after harvest and residue treatment in a mixed conifer forest of northwestern Montana. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 29(2): 274-279.
Topic(s): Fire Effects, Ecological - Second Order, Vegetation
Ecosystem(s): Montane wet mixed-conifer forest, Montane dry mixed-conifer forest
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 13147
Record updated: Jun 22, 2015