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Brian P. Oswald, Leon F. Neuenschwander
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Cataloging Information

Fire Effects
Ecological - Second Order
Subalpine dry spruce-fir forest

NRFSN number: 13130
Record updated:

The effects of different seedbeds on western larch (Larix occidentalis) germination and seedling mortality were assessed in a grandfir/ninebark (Abies grandis/Physocarpus malvaceus) habitat type in northern, Idaho,  U.S.A. Two plots were established on each off our sites, and 150 western larch seeds (66% viable) were distributed on each of 16 randomly applied seedbed modification combinations (burned or mechanical scarified, mineral soil or duff, shaded or non-shaded, caged or non-caged for protection from predation). 


Oswald, Brian P.; Neuenschwander, Leon F. 1995. Mortality of western larch seedlings in relation to seedbed characteristics at the dry end of its ecological range. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 122(2): 101-108.

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