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Brian P. Oswald, Kent Wellner, Robin Boyce, Leon F. Neuenschwander
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Effects
Ecological - First Order
Soil Heating
Ecological - Second Order
Montane wet mixed-conifer forest, Montane dry mixed-conifer forest

NRFSN number: 13129
Record updated:

Four conifer species [Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca (Beissn.) Franco), ponderosa pine (Pinis ponderosa Dougl. ex. Laws.), western larch (Larix occidentalis Nutt.), and western white pine (Pinus monticola Dougl. ex. D. Don)], growing on three different duff depths on burned and unburned seedbeds, were examined for germination, survival, height and diameter growth after three years on a Thuja plicata/Clintonia uniflora habitat type (Cooper et al. 1991) in northern Idaho. Regeneration success increased as duff thickness decreased. Germination and seedling establishment were greater on mineral soil seedbeds than the three burned duff seedbeds. Significant differences in total height and basal . diameter appeared between burned and unburned seedbeds, with taller and thicker diametered individuals for all species on burned seedbeds. Based on these findings, prescribed burning should be the site preparation method for natural regeneration of these coniferous species on this habitat type in the northern Rocky Mountains.


Oswald, Brian, P.; Wellner, Kent; Boyce, Robin; Neuenschwander, Leon F. Germination and initial growth of four coniferous species on varied duff depths in northern Idaho. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 8(1): 11-21.

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