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Whitebark pine in peril: a case for restoration

Author(s): John W. Schwandt
Year Published: 2006

The purpose of this paper is to: 1) provide a range-wide assessment of whitebark pine health, 2) describe range-wide restoration strategies for conserving and restoring whitebark pine, 3) provide a brief managers guide for selecting restoration strategies, and 4) describe information needs and challenges to restoration.

The National Forest Management Act of 1976 and the Healthy Forest Restoration Act of 2003 provide the statutory and regulatory support for developing restoration strategies to conserve, maintain, and restore whitebark pine on federal lands. Whitebark pine restoration also complements the National Fire Plan, National Invasives Species Strategy and Western Bark Beetle Reports by maintaining or restoring health and stability in ecosystems threatened by invasive species, fire, and bark beetles. Development and implementation of whitebark pine restoration strategies may also provide useful information for application to other high elevation white pine species, such as foxtail, limber, and bristlecone pines, that face similar conditions. 

Citation: Schwandt, J.W. 2006. Whitebark pine in peril: a case for restoration. USDA Forest Service Report R1-06-28.
Topic(s): Recovery after fire
Ecosystem(s): Alpine forest/krummholz, Subalpine wet spruce-fir forest, Subalpine dry spruce-fir forest
Document Type: Technical Report or White Paper
NRFSN number: 12917
Record updated: Jun 29, 2016