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Probability based models for estimation of wildfire risk

Author(s): Haiganoush K. Preisler, David R. Brillinger, Robert E. Burgan, John W. Benoit
Year Published: 2004

We present a probability-based model for estimating fire risk. Risk is defined using three probabilities: the probability of fire occurrence; the conditional probability of a large fire given ignition; and the unconditional probability of a large fire. The model is based on grouped data at the 1 km2-day cell level. We fit a spatially and temporally explicit non-parametric logistic regression to the grouped data. The probability framework is particularly useful for assessing the utility of explanatory variables, such as fire weather and danger indices for predicting fire risk. The model may also be used to produce maps of predicted probabilities and to estimate the total number of expected fires, or large fires, in a given region and time period. As an example we use historic data from the State of Oregon to study the significance and the forms of relationships between some of the commonly used weather and danger variables on the probabilities of fire. We also produce maps of predicted probabilities for the State of Oregon. Graphs of monthly total numbers of fires are also produced for a small region in Oregon, as an example, and expected numbers are compared to actual numbers of fires for the period 1989-1996. The fits appear to be reasonable; however, the standard errors are large indicating the need for additional weather or topographic variables.

Citation: Preisler, Haiganoush K.; Brillinger, David R.; Burgan, Robert E.; Benoit, J.W. 2004. Probability based models for estimation of wildfire risk. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13(2): 133-142.
Topic(s): Fire Behavior, Data Evaluation or Data Analysis for Fire Modeling, Risk, Risk assessment, Strategic Risk
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 12709
FRAMES RCS number: 8888
Record updated: Feb 20, 2019