A JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network
Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

A review of fire effects on vegetation and soils in the Great Basin Region: response and ecological site characteristics

Author(s): Richard F. Miller, Jeanne C. Chambers, David A. Pyke, Frederick B. Pierson
Year Published: 2013

This review synthesizes the state of knowledge on fire effects on vegetation and soils in semi-arid ecosystems in the Great Basin Region, including the central and northern Great Basin and Range, Columbia River Basin, and the Snake River Plain. We summarize available literature related to: (1) the effects of environmental gradients, ecological site, and vegetation characteristics on resilience to disturbance and resistance to invasive species; (2) the effects of fire on individual plant species and communities, biological soil crusts, seed banks, soil nutrients, and hydrology; and (3) the role of fire severity, fire versus fire surrogate treatments, and post-fire grazing in determining ecosystem response. From this, we identify knowledge gaps and present a framework for predicting plant successional trajectories following wild and prescribed fires and fire surrogate treatments. Possibly the three most important ecological site characteristics that influence a site's resilience (ability of the ecological site to recover from disturbance) and resistance to invasive species are soil temperature/moisture regimes and the composition and structure of vegetation on the ecological site just prior to the disturbance event.

Citation: Miller, Richard F.; Chambers, Jeanne C.; Pyke, David A.; Pierson, Fred B.; Williams, C. Jason. 2013. A review of fire effects on vegetation and soils in the Great Basin Region: response and ecological site characteristics. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-308. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 126 p.
Topic(s): Fire Ecology, Resilience, Fire Effects, Ecological - Second Order, Vegetation, Soils, Invasive Species, Recovery after fire
Ecosystem(s): Juniper woodland, Sagebrush steppe
Document Type: Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
NRFSN number: 12147
FRAMES RCS number: 16232
Record updated: May 24, 2018