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Indian fires in the pre-settlement forests of western Montana

Author(s): Stephen W. Berrett
Year Published: 1980

Presents preliminary results of a two-year study examining the pattern of Indian fires in western Montana's lower elevation forests. Interviews and historic journals were used to reconstruct the characteristics of aboriginal burning. Fire scar data from paired stands indicate substantial differences in fire frequency between Indian habitation zones and remote areas before 1860. Fire frequency between the paired stands varied during the settlement period (1861-1910), and fire frequency has been markedly reduced in most stands since the advent of organized fire suppression after 1910.

Citation: Berrett, Stephen W. 1980. Indian fires in the pre-settlement forests of western Montana. In: Stokes, Marvin A.; Dieterich, John H., eds. Proceedings of the Fire History Workshop; 1980 October 20-24; Tucson, AZ. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-GTR-81. Ft. Collins, CO: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. p. 35-41.
Topic(s): Fire History, Frequency, Fire & Traditional Knowledge, Human Dimensions of Fire Management, Fire Regime, Fire Intensity / Burn Severity
Ecosystem(s): Montane dry mixed-conifer forest, Ponderosa pine woodland/savanna
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
NRFSN number: 12043
FRAMES RCS number: 16332
Record updated: May 24, 2018