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Dirac Twidwell, William E. Rogers, Samuel D. Fuhlendorf, Carissa L. Wonkka, David M. Engle, John R. Weir, Urs P. Kreuter, Charles A. Taylor
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Cataloging Information

Fire Communication & Education
Public Perspectives of Fire Management
Fuel Treatments & Effects
Juniper woodland, Sagebrush steppe, Lower montane/foothills/valley grassland

NRFSN number: 12011
FRAMES RCS number: 15515
Record updated:

Despite years of accumulating scientific evidence that fire is critical for maintaining the structure and function of grassland ecosystems in the US Great Plains, fire has not been restored as a fundamental grassland process across broad landscapes. The result has been widespread juniper encroachment and the degradation of the multiple valuable ecosystem services provided by grasslands. Here, we review the social-ecological causes and consequences of the transformation of grasslands to juniper woodlands and synthesize the recent emergence of prescribed burn cooperatives, an extensive societal movement by private citizens to restore fire to the Great Plains biome. We discuss how burn cooperatives have helped citizens overcome dominant social constraints that limit the application of prescribed fire to improve management of encroaching woody plants in grasslands. These constraints include the generally held assumptions and political impositions that all fires should be eliminated when wildfire danger increases.


Twidwell, Dirac; Rogers, William E.; Fuhlendorf, Samuel D.; Wonkka, Carissa L.; Engle, David M.; Weir, John R.; Kreuter, Urs P.; Taylor Jr., Charles A. 2013. The rising Great Plains fire campaign: citizens' response to woody plant encroachment. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 11(Online Issue 1): e64-e71.

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