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Appendix 1: Regional summaries - Great Plains

Author(s): Linda A. Joyce
Year Published: 2013

Natural vegetation of the Great Plains is primarily grassland and shrubland ecosystems with trees occurring in scattered areas along streams and rivers, on planted woodlots, as isolated forests such as the Black Hills of South Dakota, and near the biogeographic contact with Rocky Mountains and eastern deciduous forests. Trees are used in windbreaks and shelterbelts for crops and within agroforestry systems, extending the tree-covered area considerably (e.g., over 160 000 ha in Nebraska) (Meneguzzo et al. 2008). Urban areas in the Great Plains benefit from trees providing wildlife habitat, water storage, recreation, and aesthetic value. The Great Plains are divided here into three areas for discussion: northern Great Plains (North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, Nebraska), southern Great Plains (Oklahoma, Texas), and western Great Plains (Montana, Wyoming).

Citation: Joyce, Linda A. 2013. Appendix 1: Regional summaries - Great Plains. In: Vose, James M.; Peterson, David L.; Patel-Weynand, Toral, eds. Effects of climatic variability and change on forest ecosystems: a comprehensive science synthesis for the U.S. forest sector. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-870. Portland, OR: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. p. 223-226.
Topic(s): Fire Ecology
Ecosystem(s): Montane dry mixed-conifer forest, Riparian woodland/shrubland, Ponderosa pine woodland/savanna
Document Type: Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
NRFSN number: 11902
FRAMES RCS number: 13816
Record updated: Apr 23, 2018