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Sharon M. Hood, Helen Y. Smith, David K. Wright, Lance S. Glasgow
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Effects
Ecological - Second Order
Fuel Treatments & Effects
Mechanical treatments
Prescribed Fire-use treatments
Subalpine wet spruce-fir forest, Subalpine dry spruce-fir forest

NRFSN number: 11276
FRAMES RCS number: 13412
Record updated:

Lodgepole pine is one of the most widely distributed conifers in North America, with a mixed-severity rather than stand-replacement fire regime throughout much of its range. These lodgepole pine forests are patchy and often two-aged. Fire exclusion can reduce two-aged lodgepole pine heterogeneity. This management guide summarizes the effects of thinning and prescribed burning treatments in an effort to restore two-aged lodgepole pine stands on the Tenderfoot Creek Experimental Forest, Montana. We report changes in tree density and fuel loading following thinning and prescribed burning. Results are organized by unit to help users best match a study unit stand condition and treatment to his/her own stand and proposed treatment to estimate potential treatment effects.


Hood, Sharon M.; Smith, Helen Y.; Wright, David K.; Glasgow, Lance S. 2012. Management guide to ecosystem restoration treatments: two-aged lodgepole pine forests of central Montana, USA. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-294. Fort Collins, CO: USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 126 p.