Brad R. Weisshaupt, Matthew S. Carroll, Keith A. Blatner, Pamela J. Jakes
Year Published:

Cataloging Information

Fire Communication & Education
Public Perspectives of Fire Management
Fire Effects
Ecological - First Order
Management Approaches
Smoke & Air Quality
Smoke & Populations
Smoke Monitoring
Air Quality

NRFSN number: 11214
FRAMES RCS number: 8399
Record updated: September 7, 2023

Participants in a series of focus groups discussed how their tolerance for smoke varied by the source of the smoke and found their opinions changing as they talked with other participants. Even those opposed to smoke from agricultural burning eventually found smoke from prescribed forest burning would be acceptable under appropriate circumstances. Observations of the development of smoke acceptance among participants suggest the focus group process itself could be a useful tool for managers wishing to engage communities in collaborative efforts to plan and implement fuels management projects in the wildland-urban interface.


Weisshaupt, Brad R.; Carroll, Matthew S.; Blatner, Keith A.; Jakes, Pamela J. 2006. Using focus groups to involve citizens in resource management- investigating perceptions of smoke as a barrier to prescribed forest burning. In: McCaffrey, Sarah M., ed. The public and wildland fire management: social science findings for managers. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-GTR-1. Newtown Square, PA: USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station. p. 177-186