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The effect of ignition protocol on grassfire development

Author(s): Duncan Sutherland, J. Sharples, K. A. M. Moinuddin
Year Published: 2020
Description:

The effect of ignition protocol on the development of grassfires is investigated using physics-based simulation. Simulation allows measurement of the forward rate of spread of a fire as a function of time at high temporal resolution. Two ignition protocols are considered: the inward ignition protocol, where the ignition proceeds in a straight line from the edges of the burnable fire plot to the centre of the plot; and the outwards ignition protocol, where the ignition proceeds from the centre of the burnable fire plot to the edges of the plot. In addition to the two ignition protocols, the wind speed, time taken for the ignition to be completed and ignition line length are varied. The rate of spread (R) of the resultant fires is analysed. The outwards ignition protocol leads to an (approximately) monotonic increase in R, whereas the inward ignition protocol can lead to a peak in R before decreasing to the quasi-equilibrium R. The fires simulated here typically take 50 m from the ignition line to develop a quasi-equilibrium R. The results suggest that a faster ignition is preferable to achieve a quasi-equilibrium R in the shortest distance from the ignition line.

Citation: Sutherland, Duncan; Sharples, Jason J.; Moinuddin, Khalid A. M. 2020. The effect of ignition protocol on grassfire development. International Journal of Wildland Fire 29(1):70-80. https://doi.org/10.1071/WF19046
Topic(s): Fire Behavior, Simulation Modeling
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 20659
FRAMES RCS number: 60619
Record updated: Feb 4, 2020