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Wildland surface fire spread modelling, 1990-2007. 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models

Author(s): Andrew L. Sullivan
Year Published: 2009
Description:

In recent years, advances in computational power have led to an increase in attempts to model the behaviour of wildland fires and to simulate their spread across landscape. The present series of articles endeavours to comprehensively survey and précis all types of surface fire spread models developed during the period 1990-2007. The current paper surveys models of an empirical or quasi-empirical nature. These models are based on the statistical analysis of experimentally obtained data with or without some physical framework for the basis of the relations. Other papers in the series review models of a physical or quasi-physical nature, and mathematical analogues and simulation models. The main relations of empirical models are those of wind speed and fuel moisture content with rate of forward spread. The focus of the discussion is on the treatment of the wind speed and fuel moisture functions by the models.

Citation: Sullivan, Andrew L. 2009. Wildland surface fire spread modelling, 1990-2007. 2: Empirical and quasi-empirical models. International Journal of Wildland Fire. 18(4): 369-386.
Topic(s): Fire Behavior, Fire Prediction, Simulation Modeling
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article, Synthesis
NRFSN number: 13824
FRAMES RCS number: 8584
Record updated: Jun 13, 2018