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Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

Extreme Fire Behavior

This subtopic describes factors that encourage extreme fire behavior. It also includes case studies of fires that exhibited extreme fire behavior.

Upcoming Events

None.

Past Events

Management/Planning Documents

1985 Fire Review of the 1985 Log Tom Fire Complex (Butte Fire)
Jerry Monesmith, Dick Flannelly, Bert Strom, Jim Lawrence

Syntheses

2016 Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: volume 2 for fire behavior specialists, researchers, and meteorologists
Paul A. Werth, Brian E. Potter, Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Craig B. Clements, Mark A. Finney, Jason M. Forthofer, Scott L. Goodrick, Chad M. Hoffman, William Matt Jolly, Sara S. McAllister, Roger D. Ottmar, Russell A. Parsons
2011 Review of fuel treatment effectiveness in forests and rangelands and a case study from the 2007 megafires in central, Idaho, USA
Andrew T. Hudak, Ian Rickert, Penelope Morgan, Eva K. Strand, Sarah A. Lewis, Peter R. Robichaud, Chad M. Hoffman, Zachary A. Holden
2011 Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: Volume 1 for managers
Paul A. Werth, Brian E. Potter, Craig B. Clements, Mark A. Finney, Scott L. Goodrick, Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Jason M. Forthofer, Sara S. McAllister

Publications/Reports

2020 Causes and consequences of Eastern Australia’s 2019–20 season of mega‐fires: A broader perspective
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mark A. Adams, Majid Shadmanroodposhti, Mathias Neumann
2020 A broader perspective on the causes and consequences of eastern Australia's 2019–20 season of mega‐fires: A response to Adams et al.
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Ross A. Bradstock, Rachael H. Nolan, Luke Collins, Víctor Resco de Dios, Hamish G. Clarke, Meaghan E. Jenkins, Belinda Kenny, Matthais M. Boer
2020 Ground wind generated near the base by the massive convective column of very large-scale mass fires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Michael Delichatsios, Jianping Zhang
2020 Evolution of a pyrocumulonimbus event associated with an extreme wildfire in Tasmania, Australia
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mercy N. Ndalila, Grant J. Williamson, Paul Fox-Hughes, J. Sharples, David M. J. S. Bowman
2020 Fuel treatment effectiveness in the context of landform, vegetation, and large, wind‐driven wildfires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Susan J. Prichard, Nicholas A. Povak, Maureen C. Kennedy, David W. Peterson
2019 Flow visualization study of stationary fire whirls just downwind of meter-scale turbulent flames
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Masahiko Shinohara, Sanae Matsushima
2018 Deconstructing the King Megafire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Janice L. Coen, E. Natasha Stavros, Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman
2018 Fire Control and the 2015 Canyon Creek Complex Fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hutch Brown
2018 Switching on the Big Burn of 2017
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jennifer Balch, Tania L. Schoennagel, A. Park Williams, John T. Abatzoglou, Megan E. Cattau, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Lise A. St. Denis
2018 Analysis of the physical processes associated with junction fires at laboratory and field scales
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
J. R. Raposo, Domingos Xavier Viegas, X. Xie, Miguel Almeida, A. R. Figueiredo, L. Porto, J. Sharples
2018 Effects of fuels management on fire intensity, rate of spread, severity, and resultant forest structure within the 2013 Rim Fire landscape - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Technical Report or White Paper
Brandon M. Collins, Jamie M. Lydersen, Van R. Kane, Nicholas A. Povak, Matthew L. Brooks, Douglas F. Smith
2018 Defining Extreme Wildfire Events: Difficulties, Challenges, and Impacts
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fantina Tedim, Vittorio Leone, Malik Amraoui, Christophe Bouillon, Michael R. Coughlan, Giuseppe M. Delogu, Paulo M. Fernandes, Carmen Ferreira, Sarah M. McCaffrey, Tara K. McGee, Joana Parente, Douglas Paton, Mário G. Pereira, Luís M. Ribeiro, Domingos Xavier Viegas, Gavriil Xanthopoulos
2018 The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment: An Early Operation to Relate Pre-, Active, and Post-Fire Field and Remotely Sensed Measurements
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Andrew T. Hudak, Patrick H. Freeborn, Sarah A. Lewis, Sharon M. Hood, Helen Y. Smith, Colin C. Hardy, Robert J. Kremens, Bret W. Butler, Casey Teske, Robert G. Tissell, Lloyd P. Queen, Bryce L. Nordgren, Benjamin C. Bright, Penelope Morgan, Philip J. Riggan, Lee Macholz, Leigh B. Lentile, Jim Riddering, Edward E. Mathews
2017 Human exposure and sensitivity to globally extreme wildfire events
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
David M. J. S. Bowman, Grant J. Williamson, John T. Abatzoglou, Crystal A. Kolden, Mark A. Cochrane, Alistair M. S. Smith
2017 Interacting effects of fire severity, time since fire and topography on vegetation structure after wildfire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Michelle Bassett, Steven W.J. Leonard, Evelyn K. Chia, Michael F. Clarke, Andrew F. Bennett
2017 Evidence of fuels management and fire weather influencing fire severity in an extreme fire event
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jamie M. Lydersen, Brandon M. Collins, Matthew L. Brooks, John R. Matchett, Kristen L. Shive, Nicholas A. Povak, Van R. Kane, Douglas F. Smith
2016 Quantifying the influence of previously burned areas on suppression effectiveness and avoided exposure: a case study of the Las Conchas Fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Matthew P. Thompson, Patrick H. Freeborn, Jon D. Rieck, David E. Calkin, Julie W. Gilbertson-Day, Mark A. Cochrane, Michael S. Hand
2016 Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: volume 2 for fire behavior specialists, researchers, and meteorologists
Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
Paul A. Werth, Brian E. Potter, Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Craig B. Clements, Mark A. Finney, Jason M. Forthofer, Scott L. Goodrick, Chad M. Hoffman, William Matt Jolly, Sara S. McAllister, Roger D. Ottmar, Russell A. Parsons
2016 Near-term probabilistic forecast of significant wildfire events for the western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Haiganoush K. Preisler, Karen L. Riley, Crystal S. Stonesifer, David E. Calkin, William Matt Jolly
2015 Future mega-fires and smoke impacts
Technical Report or White Paper
Narasimhan K. Larkin, John T. Abatzoglou, Donald McKenzie, Brian E. Potter, E. Ashley Steel, Brian J. Stocks
2014 Impacts of mega-fires on large U.S. urban area air quality under changing climate and fuels
Technical Report or White Paper
Yongqiang Liu, Scott L. Goodrick, John A. Stanturf, Hanqin Tian
2014 Modeling very large-fire occurrences over the continental United States from weather and climate forcing
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Renaud Barbero, John T. Abatzoglou, E. Ashley Steel, Narasimhan K. Larkin
2014 Crown fire potential in lodgepole pine forests during the red stage of mountain pine beetle attack
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wesley G. Page, Michael J. Jenkins, Martin E. Alexander
2014 Defining extreme wildland fires using geospatial and ancillary metrics
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Karen O. Lannom, Wade T. Tinkham, Alistair M. S. Smith, John T. Abatzoglou, Beth A. Newingham, Troy E. Hall, Penelope Morgan, Eva K. Strand, Travis B. Paveglio, John Anderson, Aaron M. Sparks
2014 Regional projections of the likelihood of very large wildland fires under a changing climate in the contiguous western United States
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
E. Natasha Stavros, John T. Abatzoglou, Donald McKenzie, Narasimhan K. Larkin
2013 Fire weather case study - Mann Gulch Fire, Montana
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Paul A. Werth
2013 Modelling conditional burn probability patterns for large wildland fires
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Pamela S. Ziesler, Douglas B. Rideout, Robin Reich
2013 Fire behaviour case study of two early winter grass fires in southern Alberta, 27 November 2011
Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander, Mark J. Heathcott, Randall L. Schwanke
2013 Crown fire behavior characteristics and prediction in conifer forests: a state-of-knowledge synthesis - Final Report to the Joint Fire Science Program
Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Nicole M. Vaillant, David L. Peterson
2013 Quantifying the potential impacts of fuel treatments on wildfire suppression costs
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Matthew P. Thompson, Nicole M. Vaillant, Jessica R. Haas, Krista M. Gebert, Keith Stockmann
2012 Fourmile Canyon Fire Findings
Technical Report or White Paper
Russell T. Graham, Mark A. Finney, Charles W. McHugh, Jack D. Cohen, David E. Calkin, Richard D. Stratton, Ned Nikolov
2012 Modeling tree-level fuel connectivity to evaluate the effectiveness of thinning treatments for reducing crown fire potential
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Marco A. Contreras, Russell A. Parsons, Woodam Chung
2012 Numerical simulation of crown fire hazard immediately after bark beetle-caused mortality in lodgepole pine forests
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Chad M. Hoffman, Penelope Morgan, William E. Mell, Russell A. Parsons, Eva K. Strand, Stephen Cook
2011 How fuel treatments saved homes from the 2011 Wallow fire
Technical Report or White Paper
Pam Bostwick, James P. Menakis, Tim Sexton
2011 Review of fuel treatment effectiveness in forests and rangelands and a case study from the 2007 megafires in central, Idaho, USA
Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
Andrew T. Hudak, Ian Rickert, Penelope Morgan, Eva K. Strand, Sarah A. Lewis, Peter R. Robichaud, Chad M. Hoffman, Zachary A. Holden
2011 Both topography and climate affected forest and woodland burn severity in two regions of the western US
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Gregory K. Dillon, Zachary A. Holden, Penelope Morgan, Michael A. Crimmins, Emily K. Heyerdahl, Charles H. Luce
2011 Synthesis of knowledge of extreme fire behavior: Volume 1 for managers
Synthesis, Technical Report or White Paper
Paul A. Werth, Brian E. Potter, Craig B. Clements, Mark A. Finney, Scott L. Goodrick, Martin E. Alexander, Miguel G. Cruz, Jason M. Forthofer, Sara S. McAllister
2011 Linking 3D spatial models of fuels and fire: effects of spatial heterogeneity on fire behavior
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Russell A. Parsons, William E. Mell, Peter McCauley
2010 How big was Dodge's escape fire?
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Martin E. Alexander
2010 In-situ characterization of wildland fire behavior
Conference Proceedings
Bret W. Butler, Daniel M. Jimenez, Jason M. Forthofer, Paul Sopko, Kyle S. Shannon, James J. Reardon
2010 Large scale fire whirls: can their formation be predicted?
Conference Proceedings
Jason M. Forthofer, Bret W. Butler
2009 An analysis of Dodge's escape fire on the 1949 Mann Gulch Fire in terms of a survival zone for wildland firefighters
Conference Proceedings
Martin E. Alexander, Mark Y. Ackerman, Gregory J. Baxter
2009 January 31st 2009 off-season grassland wildfire
Technical Report or White Paper
Robert W. Hoenisch
2009 The 1988 fires of Yellowstone and beyond as a wildland fire behavior case study
Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander
2007 An assessment of fuel treatments on three large 2007 Pacific Northwest fires
Technical Report or White Paper
Steve Harbert, Andrew T. Hudak, Laura Mayer, T. D. Rich, Sarah Robertson
2007 A fuel treatment reduces fire severity and increases suppression efficiency in a mixed conifer forest
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jason J. Moghaddas, Larry Craggs
2004 'Brewer fire mystery' discussion
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Stephen A. Eckert, Martin E. Alexander
2003 Wildland fire behavior case studies and analysis: part 2
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
2003 Assessing the value of increased model resolution in forecasting fire danger
Conference Proceedings
Jeanne L. Hoadley, Miriam L. Rorig, Kenneth Westrick, Larry S. Bradshaw, Sue A. Ferguson, Scott L. Goodrick, Paul A. Werth
2000 The Mann Gulch Fire and the Canadian Forest Fire Danger Rating System
Conference Proceedings
Martin E. Alexander
1997 Wildfire case study: Butte City Fire, southeastern Idaho, July 1, 1994
Technical Report or White Paper
Bret W. Butler, Timothy D. Reynolds
1994 Fire growth maps for the 1988 Greater Yellowstone Area fires
Technical Report or White Paper
Richard C. Rothermel, Roberta A. Hartford, Carolyn H. Chase
1993 The evaluation of Idaho wildfire growth using the Haines Index
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Paul A. Werth, Richard Ochoa
1992 Fuel moisture, forest type, and lightning-caused fire in Yellowstone National Park
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Roy A. Renkin, Don G. Despain
1991 The 1985 Butte fire in central Idaho: a Canadian perspective on the associated burning conditions
Conference Proceedings, Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander
1991 Predicting behavior of the 1988 Yellowstone fires: projections versus reality
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Richard C. Rothermel
1991 The 1985 Butte fire in central Idaho: a Canadian perspective on the associated burning conditions
Conference Proceedings, Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander
1991 Predicting behavior and size of crown fires in the northern Rocky Mountains
Technical Report or White Paper
Richard C. Rothermel
1988 Help with making crown fire hazard assessments
Conference Proceedings, Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander
1988 Help with making crown fire hazard assessments
Conference Proceedings, Technical Report or White Paper
Martin E. Alexander
1985 Behavior of the life-threatening Butte Fire: August 27-29, 1985
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Richard C. Rothermel, Robert W. Mutch
1984 Modeling behavior of prescribed fires in Yosemite National Park
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Jan W. van Wagtendonk, Stephen J. Botti
1975 Broadcast burning in larch-fir clearcuts: the Miller Creek-Newman Ridge study
Technical Report or White Paper
William R. Beaufait, Charles E. Hardy, William C. Fischer
1973 Meteorological factors in the Sundance Fire run
Technical Report or White Paper
Arnold I. Finklin
1968 Sundance Fire: an analysis of fire phenomena
Technical Report or White Paper
Hal E. Anderson
1951 Fire behavior in Northern Rocky Mountain Forests
Technical Report or White Paper
Jack S. Barrows
1937 Death in Blackwater Canyon
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Erle Kauffman
1932 Meteorological conditions affecting the Freeman Lake (Idaho) Fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
George M. Jemison
1927 Meteorological factors in the Quartz Creek forest fire
Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Harry T. Gisborne