With the increase in forest fire emissions, an increasing amount of nitrogen is released from combustibles and taken up by plant leaves in the form of PM2.5 smoke deposition. Concurrently, the stress from PM2.5 also disrupts the physiological processes of plants. This study aims to reveal the migration paths of N in combustibles in smoke and plants during forest fires and the stress response of plant leaves to smoke particle deposition. This study conducted a simulated smoke deposition treatment on Schima superba and Cunninghamia lanceolata, analyzing the changes in plant 15N content and stress-related products.
The main findings include the following: (1) Nitrogen in combustibles can be transported to plant leaves via PM2.5 smoke during combustion and can be allocated and assimilated in various parts of the plant after being absorbed by the leaves. (2) The stress response of Schima superba to PM2.5 is less pronounced than that of Cunninghamia lanceolata. (3) Under PM2.5 stress, the correlation between nitrogen accumulation in the leaves of Schima superba and Cunninghamia lanceolata and their respective stress responses differs.
In forest fires involving different tree species, there are variations in the migration pathways of nitrogen and the stress effects of PM2.5 on leaves, with a significant correlation observed between leaf nitrogen accumulation and stress response.