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Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcracker

Author(s): Robert E. Keane, Samuel A. Cushman
Year Published: 2018
Description:

The Clark’s nutcracker has a mutualistic relationship with the whitebark pine, acting as the tree’s main seed dispersal mechanism.

Citation: Keane, Robert E.; Cushman, Samuel A. 2018. Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcracker. The Wildlife Professional. September/October: 48-52.
Topic(s): Fire Ecology, Fire & Wildlife, Birds, Clark’s Nutcracker
Ecosystem(s): None
Document Type: Book or Chapter or Journal Article
NRFSN number: 18338
Record updated: Oct 3, 2019