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Bufo boreas (western toad)

Author(s): Janet Sullivan
Year Published: 1994
Description:

This FEIS species review synthesizes information on the relationship of Bufo boreas (western toad) to fire--how fire affects the species and its habitat, and fire management considerations. Information is also provided on the species' taxonomy, distribution, basic biology, and general management. This species review can be used for fire management, restoration planning, NEPA documents, and postfire rehabilitation planning. It may also be helpful in wildlife and habitat management, and as a source of information on the general ecology of individual species.

Citation: Sullivan, Janet 1994. Bufo boreas (western toad). In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/animals/amphibian/bubo/all.html.
Topic(s): Fire Ecology, Fire Effects, Ecological - Second Order, Wildlife, Fire & Wildlife, Amphibians
Ecosystem(s): Montane wet mixed-conifer forest, Ponderosa pine woodland/savanna, Montane dry mixed-conifer forest, Sagebrush steppe
Document Type: Synthesis
NRFSN number: 10859
FEIS Number: 450
Record updated: Mar 14, 2018