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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

4452 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

Traditional methods for assessing fire danger often depend on meteorological forecasts, which have reduced reliability after ∼10 d. Recent studies have demonstrated long lead-time correlations between pre-fire-season hydrological variables such as soil moisture and later fire occurrence or area burned, yet the potential value of...
Author(s): Alireza Farahmand, E. Natasha Stavros, John T. Reager, Ali Behrangi, James T. Randerson, Brad Quayle
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfires are a serious threat to ecosystems and human life. Usually, smoke is generated before the flame, and due to the diffusing nature of the smoke, we can detect smoke from a distance, so wildfire smoke detection is especially important for early warning systems. In this paper, we propose a 3D convolution-based encoder–decoder...
Author(s): Guodong Zhu, Zhenxue Chen, Chengyun Liu, Xuewen Rong, Weikai He
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Municipal firefighters count on their protective garments to avoid skin burns caused by thermal and flame exposures. Typical firefighting garment consists of three layers of different fire-resistant fabrics named as outer shell, moisture barrier and thermal liner. This paper employed a numerical heat transfer model for firefighters...
Author(s): Ahmed Ghazy
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The first few years of the 21st century brought a series of unprecedented natural disturbances to the southwestern U.S. A severe drought, later tagged as a “global change type drought,” triggered the mortality of 1,000 of native trees. For some species, such as the ponderosa pine, the drought was especially lethal due to high tree...
Author(s): Carolyn Hull Sieg, Rodman Linn, F. Pimont, Chad M. Hoffman, Joel D. McMillin, Judith Winterkamp, L. Scott Baggett
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
With climate-driven increases in wildfires in the western U.S., it is imperative to understand how the risk to homes is also changing nationwide. Here, we quantify the number of homes threatened, suppression costs, and ignition sources for 1.6 million wildfires in the United States (U.S.; 1992-2015). Human-caused wildfires accounted...
Author(s): Nathan Mietkiewicz, Jennifer Balch, Tania L. Schoennagel, Stefan Leyk, Lise A. St. Denis, Bethany A. Bradley
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The Smoke and Roadway Safety Guide provides wildland fire personnel the tools and methods to effectively plan and forecast for roadway smoke impacts and to monitor, respond to, and mitigate smoke on roadways to reduce the risk to the public and fire personnel. This publication: •Outlines a sequential process which readers may...
Author(s): Gary M. Curcio, David Mueller, Peter Lahm, Mark Fitch, Joshua C. Hyde
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
It is sometimes assumed the sparse and low statured vegetation in arid systems would limit the effectiveness of two remote-sensing derived indices of burn severity: the difference Normalised Burn Ratio (dNBR) and relativised difference Normalised Burn Ratio (RdNBR). We compared the relationship that dNBR, RdNBR and a ground-based...
Author(s): Robert C. Klinger, Randy McKinley, Matthew L. Brooks
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Runoff from wildfire affected areas typically carries high concentrations of fine burned residues or eroded sediment and deposits them in surface water bodies or on subsurface soils. Although the role of wildfire residues in increasing the concentration of chemical contaminants in both environments is known, whether and to what...
Author(s): Renan Valenca, Kavita Ramnath, Timothy M. Dittrich, Robert E. Taylor, Sanjay K. Mohanty
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Burn severity is the ecological change resulting from wildland fires. It is often mapped by using prefire and postfire satellite imagery and classified as low, moderate, or high. Areas burned with high severity are of particular concern to land managers and others because postfire vegetation, soil, and other important ecosystem...
Author(s): Gregory K. Dillon, Matthew Panunto, Brett Davis, Penelope Morgan, Donovan Birch, William Matt Jolly
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
The effect of ignition protocol on the development of grassfires is investigated using physics-based simulation. Simulation allows measurement of the forward rate of spread of a fire as a function of time at high temporal resolution. Two ignition protocols are considered: the inward ignition protocol, where the ignition proceeds in...
Author(s): Duncan Sutherland, J. Sharples, K. A. M. Moinuddin
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).