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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

4579 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

The wildland-urban interface (WUI) occurs at the intersection of houses and undeveloped wildlands, where fire is a safety concern for communities, motivating investment in planning, protection, and risk mitigation. Because there is no operational definition of WUI based on where fires in fact have occurred, I used fire occurrences...
Author(s): Brice B. Hanberry
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Monitoring ecosystem events such as wildfires with remote sensing is fundamental to natural resources management. However, precisely delineating burned areas with remote sensing remains a challenge for post-fire ecological assessment. Burned area mapping methods with spectral indices are affected by several interferences such as...
Author(s): Kudzai Shaun Mpakairi, Shamiso Lynette Kadzunge, Henry Ndaimani
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Large-scale, high-severity wildfires are a major challenge to the future social-ecological sustainability of fire-adapted forest ecosystems in the American West. Managing forests to mitigate this risk is a collective action problem requiring landowners and stakeholders within multi-ownership landscapes to plan and implement...
Author(s): Susan Charnley, Erin C. Kelly, A. Paige Fischer
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
A learning-based wildfire spread model was developed in this study to predict short-term wildfire spread. Real-time rate of spread (RoS) measurement was first conducted by calculating normal movements of fire fronts. Subsequently, machine learning was employed to correlate the local RoS and environmental parameters and predict the...
Author(s): Chunjie Zhai, Siyu Zhang, Zhaolou Cao, Xinmeng Wang
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfires are ecosystem‐level drivers of structure and function in many vegetated biomes. While numerous studies have emphasized the benefits of fire to ecosystems, large wildfires have also been associated with the loss of ecosystem services and shifts in vegetation abundance. The size and number of wildfires are increasing across...
Author(s): Victoria M. Donovan, Dirac Twidwell, Daniel R. Uden, Tsegaye Tadesse, Brian D. Wardlow, Christine H. Bielski, Matthew O. Jones, Brady W. Allred, David E. Naugle, Craig R. Allen
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Background Predictive models of post-fire tree and stem mortality are vital for management planning and understanding fire effects. Post-fire tree and stem mortality have been traditionally modeled as a simple empirical function of tree defenses (e.g., bark thickness) and fire injury (e.g., crown scorch). We used the Fire and Tree...
Author(s): C. Alina Cansler, Sharon M. Hood, Phillip J. van Mantgem, J. Morgan Varner
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Altered climate and changing fire regimes are synergistically impacting forest communities globally, resulting in deviations from historical norms and creation of novel successional dynamics. These changes are particularly important when considering the stability of a keystone species such as quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx...
Author(s): Susan K. McIlroy, Douglas J. Shinneman
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Air pollution with PM2.5 (particulate matter smaller than 2.5 micro-metres in diameter) is a major health hazard in many cities worldwide, but since measuring instruments have traditionally been expensive, monitoring sites are rare and generally show only background concentrations. With the advent of low-cost, wirelessly connected...
Author(s): Hugh Forehead, Johan Barthelemy, Bilal Arshad, Nicolas Verstaevel, Owen F. Price, Pascal Perez
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
With climate-driven increases in wildfires in the western U.S., it is imperative to understand how the risk to homes is also changing nationwide. Here, we quantify the number of homes threatened, suppression costs, and ignition sources for 1.6 million wildfires in the United States (U.S.; 1992-2015). Human-caused wildfires accounted...
Author(s): Nathan Mietkiewicz, Jennifer Balch, Tania L. Schoennagel, Stefan Leyk, Lise A. St. Denis, Bethany A. Bradley
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Contingency firelines can be used to back up primary lines to increase probability of fire containment, decrease fire losses, and improve firefighter safety. In this study, we classify firelines into primary, contingency, and response lines. We design a modeling process to iteratively implement a mixed integer programming model to...
Author(s): Yu Wei, Matthew P. Thompson, Erin J. Belval, Benjamin Gannon, David E. Calkin, Christopher D. O'Connor
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).