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One of the primary tools used for determining the origin of a wildfire is analyzing burn patterns formed during the fire progression. These patterns, called fire pattern indicators, are interpreted and used to document the direction of fire movement…
Author(s): Keith Parker, Vytenis Babrauskas
Year Published:

Background Fireline intensity (If) quantifies the power of the fireline and is used for various purposes. If and flame length (Lf) are relatable to each other using an empirical power function, which has been considered fuel-specific. Aims The aim…
Author(s): Carlos G. Rossa, David A. Davim, Angelo Sil, Paulo M. Fernandes
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Firebrand ignition of wildland fuels is an important pathway of initiation and propagation of wildland and wildland-urban interface fires. The ambient wind plays an important role in smouldering ignition of wildland fuels by firebrands, but its…
Author(s): Wei Fang, Jiuling Yang, Hiaxiang Chen, Linhe Zhang, Pengcheng Guo, Yukui Yuan
Year Published:

Federal agencies responsible for wildland fire management face increasing needs for personnel as fire seasons lengthen and fire size continues to grow, yet federal agencies have struggled to recruit and retain firefighting personnel. While many have…
Author(s): Erin J. Belval, Jude Bayham, Shayne Magstadt
Year Published:

Sagebrush shrublands in the Great Basin, USA, are experiencing widespread increases in wildfire size and area burned resulting in new policies and funding to implement fuel treatments. However, we lack the spatial data needed to optimize the types…
Author(s): Jeanne C. Chambers, Jessi L. Brown, Matthew C. Reeves, Eva K. Strand, Lisa M. Ellsworth, Claire Tortorelli, Alexandra K. Urza, Karen C. Short
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Background: Understanding the intricacies of wildfire impact across diverse geographical landscapes necessitates a nuanced comprehension of fire dynamics and areas of vulnerability, particularly in regions prone to high wildfire risks. Machine…
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Following the destructive Lahaina Fire in Hawaii, our team has modeled the wind and fire spread processes to understand the drivers of this devastating event. The results are in good agreement with observations recorded during the event. Extreme…
Author(s): Timothy W. Juliano, Fernando Szasdi-Bardales, Neil P. Lareau, Kasra Shamsaei, Branko Kosović, Negar Elhami-Khorasani, Eric P. James, Hamed Ebrahimian
Year Published:

Background Prescribed fire is a critical tool for building resilience to changing fire regimes. Policymakers can accelerate the development of effective, adaptation-oriented fire governance by learning from other jurisdictions. Aims We analyse…
Author(s): Phillipa C. McCormack, Rebecca K. Miller, Jan McDonald
Year Published:

Wildland fire incident commanders make wildfire response decisions within an increasingly complex socio-environmental context. Threats to human safety and property, along with public pressures and agency cultures, often lead commanders to emphasize…
Author(s): Molly C. Daniels, Kristin H. Braziunas, Monica G. Turner, Ting-Fung Ma, Karen C. Short, Adena R. Rissman
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Background: Managing landscape fire is a complex challenge because it is simultaneously necessary for, and increasingly poses a risk to, societies and ecosystems worldwide. This challenge underscores the need for transformative change in the way…
Author(s): Kelsey Copes-Gerbitz, Ira J. Sutherland, Sarah Dickson-Hoyle, Jennifer N. Baron, Pablo Gonzalez-Moctezuma, Morgan A. Crowley, Katherine A. Kitchens, Tahia Devisscher, Judith Burr
Year Published:

Wildfire risk is increasing all over the world, particularly in the western United States and the communities in wildland-urban interface (WUI) areas are at the greatest risk of fire. Understanding the driving behavior of individuals to evacuate…
Year Published:

Background Fifty years after its initial publication, Rothermel’s model continues to underpin many operational fire modelling tools. Past authors have, however, suggested a possible oversensitivity of the Rothermel model to fuel depth in certain…
Author(s): Zakary Campbell-Lochrie, Michael R. Gallagher, Nick Skowronski, Rory Hadden
Year Published:

This paper presents a unique 15-year dataset of Incident Management Situation Reports (IMSR), which document daily wildland fire situations across ten geographical regions in the United States. The IMSR dataset includes summaries for each reported…
Author(s): Dung Tuan Nguyen, Erin J. Belval, Yu Wei, Karen C. Short, David E. Calkin
Year Published:

Fire whirls cause strong wind damage in large outdoor fires such as wildland fires and urban fires. A model to predict the maximum tangential wind velocity in laboratory-scale fire whirls without flames in a crosswind is developed based on a…
Author(s): Masahiko Shinohara
Year Published:

Background Fire whirls are often reported to occur in wildland fires and can induce serious difficulties in firefighting by abruptly modifying fire behaviour, exposing firefighters and even causing casualties. Aims The aim of this study was to…
Author(s): Kuibin Zhou, Yifan Wang, Albert Simeoni, Ruixing Dong
Year Published:

Public agencies and organizations often deliver financial assistance through cost sharing, in which recipients contribute some portion toward total costs. However, cost sharing might raise equity concerns if it reduces participation among…
Author(s): James R. Meldrum, Patricia A. Champ, Hannah Brenkert-Smith, Christopher M. Barth, Abby E. McConnell, Carolyn Wagner, Colleen Donovan
Year Published:

n the Western US, area burned and fire size have increased due to the influences of climate change, long-term fire suppression leading to higher fuel loads, and increased ignitions. However, evidence is less conclusive about increases in fire…
Author(s): Rutherford Vance Platt, Teresa B. Chapman, Jennifer Balch
Year Published:

Background: The decision making process undertaken during wildfire responses is complex and prone to uncertainty. In the US, decisions federal land managers make are influenced by numerous and often competing factors. Aims: To assess and validate…
Author(s): Stephen D. Fillmore, Sarah M. McCaffrey, Rachel Bean, Alexander M. Evans, Jose M. Iniguez, Andrea E. Thode, Alistair M. S. Smith, Matthew P. Thompson
Year Published:

With climate change and the ever-drier climate, the issue of wildfires is becoming increasingly prominent, generating growing interest in the study of wildfires. The majority of the ongoing research is focused on surface wildland fuels with…
Author(s): Nikola Misic, Milan Protic, Artemi Cerda, Miomir Raos, Milan Blagojević
Year Published:

Fuel and restoration treatments seeking to mitigate the likelihood of uncharacteristic high-severity wildfires in forests with historically frequent, low-severity fire regimes are increasingly common, but long-term treatment effects on fuels,…
Author(s): Sharon M. Hood, Justin S. Crotteau, Cory Cleveland
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