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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

112 results


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Every year, high numbers of firefighters are injured at fire incidents. A primary cause of moderate to severe injury can be linked to the protective garments worn by firefighters and understanding the limits of these protective garments is crucial for their safety. It would be substantially advantageous to firefighter safety if...
Author(s): Thomas B. B. Clarke, Mark Walker, Frank Mendham
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Abrupt changes in wind direction and speed caused by thunderstorm-generated gust fronts can, within a few seconds, transform slow-spreading low-intensity flanking fires into high-intensity head fires. Flame heights and spread rates can more than double. Fire mitigation strategies are challenged and the safety of fire crews is put at...
Author(s): Gary Achtemeier, Scott L. Goodrick
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The main purpose of this study was to characterise the thermal environment and risk of heat burns of wildland firefighters in relation to the suppression tasks performed in real wildland fires. Measurements of air temperature and heat flux were performed by affixing heat flux and ambient temperature sensors on the outer and inner...
Author(s): Belén Carballo-Leyenda, José G. Villa, Jorge López-Satué, Jose A. Rodríguez-Marroyo
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Throughout the United States, wildland firefighters respond to wildfires, performing arduous work in remote locations. Wildfire incidents can be an ideal environment for the transmission of infectious diseases, particularly for wildland firefighters who congregate in work and living settings. In this review, we examine how exposure...
Author(s): Kathleen M. Navarro, Kathleen A. Clark, Daniel J. Hardt, Colleen Reid, Peter Lahm, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Corey Butler, John R. Balmes
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The objective of this work is to model and simulate aerial drops of fire retardants in dangerous fire environments. Specifically, the work develops a computational framework for a model problem combining: [1.] A meshless discrete element component that tracks the trajectory of released airborne materials from a controlled aircraft...
Author(s): T. I. Zohdi
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Uncompensable heat from wildland firefighter personal protective equipment decreases the physiological tolerance while exercising in the heat. Our previous work demonstrated that the standard wildland firefighter helmet significantly increases both perceived and actual head heat. This study compared heat accumulation under simulated...
Author(s): Katherine Christison, Shae Gurney, Charles L. Dumke
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Purpose: To understand the association between heart rate variability and indices of fatigue, total sleep time, and reaction time in shift workers. Methods:Ten participants from the British Columbia Wildfire Service management team were examined over a 14-day active fire-line period. Daily measures of subjective fatigue, sleepiness...
Author(s): Andrew T. Jeklin, Andrew S. Perrotta, Hugh W. Davies, Shannon S. D. Bredin, Dion A. Paul, Darren E. R. Warburton
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Background: The importance of achieving an adequate amount of sleep to optimize health and athletic performance is well recognized. Yet, a systematic evidence compilation of the risk for sport-related injury in adult athletic populations due to poor sleep does not exist. Objective: To examine the association between poor sleep and...
Author(s): Devon A. Dobrosielski, Lisa Sweeney, Peter J. Lisman
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
We estimated cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality associated with wildfire smoke (WFS) fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the Front Range of Colorado from 2010 - 2015. To estimate WFS PM2.5, we developed a daily kriged PM2.5 surface at a 15km X 15km resolution based on the Environmental Protection Agency Air Quality System...
Author(s): Sheryl Magzamen, Ryan W. Gan, Jingyang Liu, Katelyn O'Dell, Bonne Ford Hotmann, Kevin Berg, Kirk Bol, Ander Wilson, Emily V. Fischer, Jeffrey R. Pierce
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The National Wildfire Coordination Group (NWCG) has done a good job of prioritizing safety in wildland fire operations and promoting human life over property. For example, fireline checklists inspired by aviation safety prove their worth every day. Nevertheless, the work remains — and will always be — inherently dangerous. There are...
Author(s): Eli Schned
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).