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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

134 results


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At a fundamental level, smoke from wildland fire is of scientific concern because of its potential adverse effects on human health and social well-being. Although many impacts (e.g., evacuations, property loss) occur primarily in proximity to the actual fire, smoke can end up having a significant social impact far from the source....
Author(s): Sarah M. McCaffrey, Ana G. Rappold, Mary Clare Hano, Kathleen M. Navarro, Tanya F. Phillips, Jeffrey P. Prestemon, Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Karen L. Abt, Colleen Reid, Jason D. Sacks
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Objectives: Due to accelerating wildland fire activity, there is mounting urgency to understand, prevent, and mitigate the occupational health impacts associated with wildland fire suppression. The objectives of this review of academic and grey literature were to: 1. Identify the impact of occupational exposure to wildland fires on...
Author(s): Erica Koopmans, Katie Cornish, Trina Fyfe, Katherine Bailey, Chelsea A. Pelletier
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland fire management is a complex system with various scales, modes, plans, and operations. As with any system, fire management can be subject to stresses and strains that are, in some cases, easy to identify in isolation but highly challenging to diagnose at a system level. A suitable analogy is the homeostatic range in the...
Author(s): Nicholas McCarthy, David E. Calkin
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Background:Exposure to inhaled smoke, pollutants, volatile organic compounds, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the firefighting environment has been associated with detrimental respiratory and cardiovascular effects, making firefighters a unique population with both personal and occupational risk factors for cardiovascular...
Author(s): Catherine Vanchiere, Rithika Thirumal, Aditya Hendrani, Parinita Dherange, Angela Bennett, Runhua Shi, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Brian Olshansky, Denise L. Smith, Paari Dominic
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland fire suppression presents a working environment that often exceeds an energy expenditure of 20 MJ/day. Despite high levels of chronic physical exertion, we have noted maladaptive alterations in adiposity and blood lipids in a small cohort of wildland firefighters (WLFF) over a short 3-month season. PURPOSE: To determine...
Author(s): Alejandro M. Rosales, Patrick S. Dodds, Walter S. Hailes, Joseph A. Sol, R.H. Coker, John C. Quindry, Brent Ruby
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Objectives: The increase in global wildland fire activity has accelerated the urgency to understand health risks associated with wildland fire suppression. The aim of this project was to identify occupational health research priorities for wildland firefighters and related personnel. Design: In order to identify, rank and rate...
Author(s): Chelsea A. Pelletier, Christopher Ross, Katherine Bailey, Trina Fyfe, Katie Cornish, Erica Koopmans
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Exposure to oscillating heat fluxes while having variable water contents in the thermal protective clothing (T.P.C) is possible in a real firefighting scenario. The occurrence of steam burns becomes inevitable in certain conditions which are still unidentified in the literature. In light of such, in this study, the effect of water...
Author(s): André Fonseca Malaquias, S.F. Neves, J.B.L.M. Campos
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The COVID-19 global pandemic created dramatic change in nearly every facet of life, including how the Forest Service worked to fulfill its mission despite facing multiple unknowns fraught with risks. Preparing for and responding to wildland fire while reducing the likelihood that wildland fire responders would be exposed to COVID-19...
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, Donald G. MacGregor, David E. Calkin, Joel O. Iverson
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters continue to die in the line of duty. Flammable landscapes intersect with bold but good-intentioned doers and trigger entrapment—a situation where personnel is unexpectedly caught in fire behaviour-related, life-threatening positions where planned escape routes or safety zones are absent, inadequate, or...
Author(s): Kelsy E. Gibos, Kyle Fitzpatrick, Scott Elliott
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Falling trees and tree fragments are one of the top five causes of fatalities for wildland fire responders. In six out of ten recent years, at least one fatality from a tree strike has occurred while a fire responder was on duty, and others were injured. We used TreeMap, a national map of forest characteristics, including individual...
Author(s): Karen L. Riley, Christopher D. O’Connor, Christopher J. Dunn, Jessica R. Haas, Richard D. Stratton, Benjamin Gannon
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).