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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are nearly 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

89 results


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The National Wildfire Coordination Group (NWCG) has done a good job of prioritizing safety in wildland fire operations and promoting human life over property. For example, fireline checklists inspired by aviation safety prove their worth every day. Nevertheless, the work remains — and will always be — inherently dangerous. There are...
Author(s): Eli Schned
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Smoke from bushfires (also known as wildfires or forest fires) has blanketed large regions of Australia during the southern hemisphere summer of 2019/2020, potentially endangering residents who breathe the polluted air. While such air pollution is known to cause respiratory irritation and damage, its effect on the brain is not well...
Author(s): Laura A. Milton, Anthony R. White
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The location of shelters in different areas threatened by wildfires is one of the possible ways to reduce fatalities in a context of an increasing number of catastrophic and severe wildfires. These shelters will enable the population in the area to be protected in case of fire outbreaks. The subject of our study is to determine the...
Author(s): Marc Demange, Virginie Gabrel, Marcel A. Haddad, Cécile Murat
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Firefighters are exposed to numerous stressors during wildfire suppression, including working in hot temperatures and sleep restricted conditions. Research has shown that when sleep restricted, individuals choose foods higher in carbohydrates, fat, and sugar, and have increased cravings for calorie dense foods. However, there is...
Author(s): Charlotte C. Gupta, Sally A. Ferguson, Brad Aisbett, Michelle Dominiak, Stephanie E. Chappel, Madeline Sprajcer, Hugh H. K. Fullagar, Saman Khalesi, Joshua H. Guy, Grace E. Vincent
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hiking with a pack is the highest-intensity task that wildland firefighters (WLFFs) perform during sustained activities related to wildland fire suppression. Firefighters perform this and other tasks together as a crew; this provides a unique model to evaluate select physical and physiological changes in members of working crews...
Author(s): Steven E. Gaskill, Charles L. Dumke, Charles G. Palmer, Brent Ruby, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Joseph A. Sol
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters are directly exposed to elevated levels of wildland fire (WF) smoke. Although studies demonstrate WF smoke exposure is associated with lung function changes, few studies that use invasive sample collection methods have been conducted to investigate underlying biochemical changes. These methods are also either...
Author(s): Chieh-Ming Wu, Anna M. Adetona, Chi Song, Luke P. Naeher, Olorunfemi Adetona
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Introduction: Wildland firefighters (WLFF) work long hours in extreme environments, resulting in high daily total energy expenditure. Increasing work-shift eating episodes and/or providing rations that promote convenient eating has shown augmented self-selected work output, as has regular carbohydrate (CHO) consumption. It remains...
Author(s): Alexander N. Marks, Joseph A. Sol, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Molly West, Brent Ruby
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Municipal firefighters count on their protective garments to avoid skin burns caused by thermal and flame exposures. Typical firefighting garment consists of three layers of different fire-resistant fabrics named as outer shell, moisture barrier and thermal liner. This paper employed a numerical heat transfer model for firefighters...
Author(s): Ahmed Ghazy
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters are exposed to numerous noise sources that may be hazardous to their hearing. This study examined the noise exposure profiles for 264 wildland firefighters across 15 job categories. All 264 firefighters completed questionnaires to assess their use of hearing protection devices, enrollment in hearing...
Author(s): George A. Broyles, Chucri A. Kardous, Peter B. Shaw, Edward F. Krieg
Year Published: 2019
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Previous attempts to identify the environmental factors associated with firefighter entrapments in the United States have suggested that there are several common denominators. Despite the widespread acceptance of the assumed commonalities, few studies have quantified how often entrapments actually meet these criteria. An analysis of...
Author(s): Wesley G. Page, Patrick H. Freeborn, Bret W. Butler, William Matt Jolly
Year Published: 2019
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).