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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,800 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

118 results


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Objectives: Due to accelerating wildland fire activity, there is mounting urgency to understand, prevent, and mitigate the occupational health impacts associated with wildland fire suppression. The objectives of this review of academic and grey literature were to: 1. Identify the impact of occupational exposure to wildland fires on...
Author(s): Erica Koopmans, Katie Cornish, Trina Fyfe, Katherine Bailey, Chelsea A. Pelletier
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Exposure to oscillating heat fluxes while having variable water contents in the thermal protective clothing (T.P.C) is possible in a real firefighting scenario. The occurrence of steam burns becomes inevitable in certain conditions which are still unidentified in the literature. In light of such, in this study, the effect of water...
Author(s): André Fonseca Malaquias, S.F. Neves, J.B.L.M. Campos
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters continue to die in the line of duty. Flammable landscapes intersect with bold but good-intentioned doers and trigger entrapment—a situation where personnel is unexpectedly caught in fire behaviour-related, life-threatening positions where planned escape routes or safety zones are absent, inadequate, or...
Author(s): Kelsy E. Gibos, Kyle Fitzpatrick, Scott Elliott
Year Published: 2022
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Physical distancing and wearing a face mask are key interventions to prevent COVID-19. While this remains difficult to practice for millions of firefighters in fire engines responding to emergencies, the delayed forthcoming of evidence on the effectiveness of such safety interventions in this setting presents a major problem. In...
Author(s): Elmar Bourdon, Thomas Schaefer, Maximilian Kittel, Matthias Raedle, Alexandra Heininger
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Every year, high numbers of firefighters are injured at fire incidents. A primary cause of moderate to severe injury can be linked to the protective garments worn by firefighters and understanding the limits of these protective garments is crucial for their safety. It would be substantially advantageous to firefighter safety if...
Author(s): Thomas B. B. Clarke, Mark Walker, Frank Mendham
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Abrupt changes in wind direction and speed caused by thunderstorm-generated gust fronts can, within a few seconds, transform slow-spreading low-intensity flanking fires into high-intensity head fires. Flame heights and spread rates can more than double. Fire mitigation strategies are challenged and the safety of fire crews is put at...
Author(s): Gary Achtemeier, Scott L. Goodrick
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The main purpose of this study was to characterise the thermal environment and risk of heat burns of wildland firefighters in relation to the suppression tasks performed in real wildland fires. Measurements of air temperature and heat flux were performed by affixing heat flux and ambient temperature sensors on the outer and inner...
Author(s): Belén Carballo-Leyenda, José G. Villa, Jorge López-Satué, Jose A. Rodríguez-Marroyo
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Throughout the United States, wildland firefighters respond to wildfires, performing arduous work in remote locations. Wildfire incidents can be an ideal environment for the transmission of infectious diseases, particularly for wildland firefighters who congregate in work and living settings. In this review, we examine how exposure...
Author(s): Kathleen M. Navarro, Kathleen A. Clark, Daniel J. Hardt, Colleen Reid, Peter Lahm, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Corey Butler, John R. Balmes
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Firefighting is a mentally and physically demanding profession which is compounded by poor sleep due to shift schedules commonly used by fire departments. Compared to other professions, firefighters are at high risk for musculoskeletal injuries, mental illnesses, and cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to...
Author(s): Chris Frost, Mike Toczko, Justin J. Merrigan, Joel R. Martin
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The objective of this work is to model and simulate aerial drops of fire retardants in dangerous fire environments. Specifically, the work develops a computational framework for a model problem combining: [1.] A meshless discrete element component that tracks the trajectory of released airborne materials from a controlled aircraft...
Author(s): T. I. Zohdi
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).