Search by keywords, then use filters to narrow down results by type, year, topic, or ecosystem.

Displaying 81 - 100 of 5349

In ecosystems where trees and grasses coexist, some grass species are found only in open habitats and others persist under trees. The persistence of shade intolerant grasses in ecosystems such as open woodlands and savannas depends on recurrent…
Author(s): Xiulin Gao, Dylan W. Schwilk
Year Published:

This paper presents a phenomenological framework for forecasting the area-integrated fire radiative power from wildfires. In the method, a region of interest is covered with a regular grid, whose cells are uniquely and independently parameterized…
Author(s): Tero M. Partanen, Mikhail Sofiev
Year Published:

Background:Exposure to inhaled smoke, pollutants, volatile organic compounds, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the firefighting environment has been associated with detrimental respiratory and cardiovascular effects, making firefighters a…
Author(s): Catherine Vanchiere, Rithika Thirumal, Aditya Hendrani, Parinita Dherange, Angela Bennett, Runhua Shi, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Brian Olshansky, Denise L. Smith, Paari Dominic
Year Published:

We evaluated the effects of postfire management on forest structure in mixed-conifer forests of northeastern Washington, USA. Postfire treatments were harvest-only, harvest combined with planting, planting-only, and postfire prescribed fire. We used…
Author(s): C. Alina Cansler, Van R. Kane, Bryce N. Bartl-Geller, Derek J. Churchill, Paul F. Hessburg, Nicholas A. Povak, James A. Lutz, Jonathan T. Kane, Andrew J. Larson
Year Published:

The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), colloquially known as drones, has grown rapidly over the past two decades and continues to expand at a rapid pace. This has resulted in the production of many research papers addressing the use of UAVs in…
Author(s): Ihab L. Hussein Alsammak, Moamin A. Mahmoud, Hazleen Aris, Muhana AlKilabi, Mohammed Najah Mahdi
Year Published:

Aim: Climate warming is expected to drive upward and poleward shifts at the leading edge of tree species ranges. Disturbance has the potential to accelerate these shifts by altering biotic and abiotic conditions, though this potential is likely to…
Author(s): Katherine Nigro, Monique E. Rocca, Michael A. Battaglia, Jonathan D. Coop, Miranda Redmond
Year Published:

Peatland wildfire frequency and severity are increasing globally owing to climate change. The direct risk of elevated greenhouse gas emissions from peat burning receives much attention, yet the risks to vegetation composition or peat decomposition…
Author(s): Abbey L. Marcotte, Juul Limpens, Cathelijine Stoof, Jetse J. Stoorvogel
Year Published:

Background and objectives: The Great Basin Desert with its critical sage grouse habitat is at a “tipping point” wherein fires that were rare and patchy historically are increasing in frequency, size and severity. Wildfire is now the largest driver…
Author(s): Branda Nowell
Year Published:

Firebrand spotting is a potential threat to people and infrastructure, which is difficult to predict and becomes more significant when the size of a fire and intensity increases. To conduct realistic physics-based modeling with firebrand transport,…
Author(s): Amila Wickramasinghe, Nazmul Khan, K. A. M. Moinuddin
Year Published:

The Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP) and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) initiated the Fire and Smoke Model Experiment (FASMEE) (https://fasmee.net) by funding JFSP Project 15-S-01-01. This nationwide,…
Author(s): Roger D. Ottmar, Adam C. Watts, Sim Larkin, Tim Brown, Nancy H. F. French
Year Published:

Addressing the challenges of wildland fire requires that fire science be relevant to management and integrated into management decisions. Co-production is often touted as a process that can increase the utility of science for management, by…
Year Published:

Worldwide, Indigenous peoples are leading the revitalization of their/our cultures through the restoration of ecosystems in which they are embedded, including in response to increasing “megafires.” Concurrently, growing Indigenous-led movements are…
Author(s): Sarah Dickson-Hoyle, Ronald E. Ignace, Marianne B. Ignace, Shannon M. Hagerman, Lori D. Daniels
Year Published:

Emission measurements are available in the literature for a wide variety of field burns and laboratory experiments, although previous studies do not always isolate the effect of individual features such as fuel moisture content (FMC). This study…
Author(s): Priya Garg, Thomas Roche, Matthew Eden, Jacqueline Matz, Jessica Oakes, Chiara Bellini, Michael J. Gollner
Year Published:

The goal of decreasing wildfire hazard as much as possible, using minimal fuel treatments, has led to increasing scholarly interest in fuel reduction spatial optimisation. Most models in the field rest on the assumption of a known wind direction and…
Author(s): Assaf Shmuel, Eyal Heifetz
Year Published:

Wildfires produce a mosaic of burned and unburned patches across varying temporal and spatial scales and provide a range of essential ecosystem services. Fire perimeters mark the separation between the burned and unburned matrix of a fire. Analysis…
Author(s): Kiera A. P. Macauley, Neal McLoughlin, Jennifer L. Beverly
Year Published:

While there is a large literature on how individual homeowners perceive location-specific wildfire hazard, there is only one study specific to U.S. family forest owners. Using respondents from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)…
Author(s): Brian Danley, Jesse Caputo, Brett J. Butler
Year Published:

The boreal forests of the Northern Hemisphere (i.e., covering the USA, Canada and Russia) are the grandest carbon sinks of the world. A significant increase in wildfires could cause disequilibrium in the Northern boreal forest’s capacity as a carbon…
Author(s): Victor M. Velasco Hererra, Willie Soon, César Pérez-Moreno, Graciela Velasco Herrera, Raúl Martell-Dubois, Laura Rosique-de la Cruz, Valery M. Fedorov, Sergio Cerdeira-Estrada, Eric Bongelli, Emmanuel Zúñiga
Year Published:

Forested watersheds supply over two thirds of the world's drinking water. The last decade has seen an increase in the frequency and intensity of wildfires that is threatening these source watersheds, and necessitating more expensive water treatment…
Author(s): Tyler B. Hampton, Simon Lin, Nandita B. Basu
Year Published:

Falling trees and tree fragments are one of the top five causes of fatalities for wildland fire responders. In six out of ten recent years, at least one fatality from a tree strike has occurred while a fire responder was on duty, and others were…
Author(s): Karen L. Riley, Christopher D. O’Connor, Christopher J. Dunn, Jessica R. Haas, Richard D. Stratton, Benjamin Gannon
Year Published:

This chapter assesses the current state of the science regarding the composition, intensity, and drivers of wildland fire emissions in the USA and Canada. Globally and in the USA wildland fires are a major source of gases and aerosols which have…
Author(s): Shawn P. Urbanski, Susan M. O’Neill, Amara L. Holder, Sarah A. Green, Rick L. Graw
Year Published: