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Fire is a natural phenomenon that has played a critical role in transforming the environment and maintaining biodiversity at a global scale. However, the plants in some habitats have not developed strategies for recovery from fire or have not…
Author(s): Fatima Arrogante-Funes, Inmaculada Aguado, Emilio Chuvieco
Year Published:

Climate warming and an increased frequency and severity of wildfires are expected to transform forest ecosystems, in part through altered post-fire vegetation trajectories. Such a loss of forest resilience to wildfires arises due to a failure to…
Author(s): Kyra Clark-Wolf, Philip E. Higuera, Kimberley T. Davis
Year Published:

Sustainable management of complex social-ecological systems depends on understanding the effects of different drivers of change, but disentangling these effects poses a challenge. We provide a framework for quantifying the relative contributions of…
Author(s): Katherine J. Siegel, Laurel Larsen, Connor Stephens, William Stewart, Van Butsic
Year Published:

Climate and natural vegetation dynamics are key drivers of global vegetation fire, but anthropogenic burning now prevails over vast areas of the planet. Fire regime classification and mapping may contribute towards improved understanding of…
Author(s): Jose M. C. Pereira, Duarte Oom, Pedro C. Silva, Akli Benali
Year Published:

Wildland firefighters must be able to maintain situational awareness to ensure their safety. Crew members, including lookouts and crew building handlines, rely on visibility to assess risk and communicate changing conditions. Geographic information…
Author(s): Katherine A. Mistick, Philip E. Dennison, Michael J. Campbell, Matthew P. Thompson
Year Published:

Fire has transformative effects on soil biological, chemical, and physical properties in terrestrial ecosystems around the world. While methods for estimating fire characteristics and associated effects aboveground have progressed in recent decades…
Author(s): Mary K. Brady, Matthew B. Dickinson, Jessica R. Miesel, Carissa L. Wonkka, Kathleen L. Kavanagh, Alexandra G. Lodge, William E. Rogers, Heath D. Starns, Douglas R. Tolleson, Morgan L. Treadwell, Dirac Twidwell, Erin J. Hanan
Year Published:

Wildfires are occurring worldwide with greater frequency and intensity. Wildfires, as well as other sources of air pollution including environmental tobacco smoke, household biomass combustion, agricultural burning, and vehicular emissions, release…
Author(s): Sukanya Jaiswal, Isabelle Jalbert, Katrina Schmid, Natasha Tein, Sarah Wang, Blanka Golebiowski
Year Published:

Climate change represents a threat to life; as such, it is associated with psychological disorders. The subjective perceptions of life impacts from different traumatic experiences develop understanding and the enable predictions of future…
Author(s): Peter de Jesus, Pablo Olivos-Jara, Oscar Navarro
Year Published:

hanging global fire regimes including extended fire seasons due to climate change may increase the co-occurrence of high-impact fires that overwhelm national fire suppression capacities. These shifts increase the demand for international resource…
Author(s): Sunniva Bloem, Alison Cullen, Linda Mearns, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published:

In recent decades, wildfires in many areas of the United States (U.S.) have become larger and more frequent with increasing anthropogenic pressure, including interactions between climate, land-use change, and human ignitions. We aimed to…
Author(s): Megan E. Cattau, Adam L. Mahood, Jennifer Balch, Carol A. Wessman
Year Published:

Development into the wildland-urban interface, combined with heat and drought, contribute to increasing wildfires in the U.S. West and a range of damages including recreation site closures and longer-term effects on recreation areas. A choice…
Author(s): Sophia Tanner, Frank Lupi, Cloe Garnache
Year Published:

Recent intense fire seasons in Australia, Borneo, South America, Africa, Siberia, and western North America have displaced large numbers of people, burned tens of millions of hectares, and generated societal urgency to address the wildfire problem (…
Author(s): Gavin M. Jones, Emily K. Vraga, Paul F. Hessburg, Matthew D. Hurteau, Craig D. Allen, Robert E. Keane, Thomas A. Spies, Malcolm P. North, Brandon M. Collins, Mark A. Finney, Jamie M. Lydersen, Anthony L. Westerling
Year Published:

Prediction of wildfire propagation plays a crucial role in reducing the impacts of such events. Various machine learning (ML) approaches, namely Support Vector Regression (SVR), Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), Regression Tree, and Neural Networks…
Author(s): Sadegh Khanmohammadi, Mehrdad Arashpour, Emadaldin Mohammadi Golafshani, Miguel G. Cruz, Abbas Rajabifard, Yu Bai
Year Published:

Spotting refers to the transport of burning pieces of firebrand by wind which, at the time of landing, may ignite new fires beyond the direct ignition zone of the main fire. Spot fires that occur far from the original burn unit are rare but have…
Author(s): Alexander Mendez, Mohammad Farazmand
Year Published:

Background: The PODs (potential operational delineations) concept is an adaptive framework for cross-boundary and collaborative land and fire management planning. Use of PODs is increasingly recognized as a best practice, and PODs are seeing growing…
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, Christopher D. O'Connor, Benjamin Gannon, Michael D. Caggiano, Christopher J. Dunn, Courtney Schultz, David E. Calkin, Bradley Pietruszka, S. Michelle Greiner, Richard D. Stratton, Jeffrey Morisette
Year Published:

The impact of smoke from wildland fires on human health is currently a serious concern due to the high levels of emitted gases and particulate matter that affect populations and firefighters. In recent decades, scientific developments regarding…
Author(s): Ana Isabel Miranda
Year Published:

Spatial wildfire ignition predictions are needed to ensure efficient and effective wildfire response, and robust methods for modeling new wildfire occurrences are ever-emerging. Here, ignition locations of natural and human-caused wildfires across…
Author(s): Adrian Jimenez-Ruano, William Matt Jolly, Patrick H. Freeborn, Daniel J. Vega-Nieva, Norma A. Monjaras-Vega, Carlos I. Briones-Herrera, Marcos Rodrigues
Year Published:

Critical to effective fire management is the protection and preparedness of highly trained wildland firefighters who routinely face extreme physical and psychological demands. To date, there is limited scientific evidence of psychosocial education…
Author(s): Caleb Leduc, Sabir I. Giga, Ian J. Fletcher, Michelle Young, Sandra C. Dorman
Year Published:

The continuous research and development regarding firefighters’ personal protective equipment (PPE) has led to significant improvements in recent decades. Despite the evolution of firefighters’ PPE, every year an undesirable number of firefighters…
Author(s): Gilda Santos, Rita Marques, Joao Ribeiro, Adriana Moreira, Patricia Fernandes, Margarida Silva, Andre Fonseca, Joao M. Miranda, J.B.L.M. Campos, S.F. Neves
Year Published:

Mountain snowpacks provide 53–78% of water used for irrigation, municipalities, and industrial consumption in the western United States. Snowpacks serve as natural reservoirs during the winter months and play an essential role in water storage for…
Author(s): Arielle L. Koshkin, Benjamin J. Hatchett, Anne W. Nolin
Year Published: