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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 3,600 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

496 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

Previous reviews of wildfires where a fatal firefighter burnover occurred have found that the incidents usually share similar characteristics in terms of the fire environment, such as steep slopes and complex topography (e.g. box canyons). Despite these similarities, systematic identification and communication of the locations where...
Author(s): Wesley G. Page, Bret W. Butler
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fuel, aridity, and ignition switches were all on in 2017, making it one of the largest and costliest wildfire years in the United States (U.S.) since national reporting began. Anthropogenic climate change helped flip on some of these switches rapidly in 2017, and kept them on for longer than usual. Anthropogenic changes to the fire...
Author(s): Jennifer Balch, Tania L. Schoennagel, A. Park Williams, John T. Abatzoglou, Megan E. Cattau, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Lise A. St. Denis
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The Haines Index is intended to provide information on how midtropospheric conditions could lead to large or erratic wildfires. Only a few studies have evaluated its performance and those are primarily single fire studies. This study looks at 47 fires that burned in the United States from 2004 to 2017, with sizes from 9000 ha up to...
Author(s): Brian E. Potter
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
It is generally accepted that year-to-year variability in moisture conditions and drought are linked with increased wildfire occurrence. However, quantifying the sensitivity of wildfire to surface moisture state at seasonal lead-times has been challenging due to the absence of a long soil moisture record with the appropriate...
Author(s): Daniel Jensen, John T. Reager, Brittany Zajic, Nick Rousseau, Matthew Rodell, Everett Hinkley
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hypotheses that megafires ‐ very large, high impact fires ‐ are caused by either climate effects such as drought or fuel accumulation due to fire exclusion with accompanying changes to forest structure have long been alleged and guided policy but their physical basis remains untested. Here, unique airborne observations and...
Author(s): Janice L. Coen, E. Natasha Stavros, Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The Coanda effect is the phenomenon in which a jet entering quiescent fluid attaches to a nearby solid object due to inhibited entrainment of ambient fluid near the solid. Little is known about the influence of the Coanda effect on wildland fire behavior. Specifically, there is a lack of knowledge regarding how the flame attachment...
Author(s): Jonathan R. Gallacher, Brad Ripa, Bret W. Butler, Thomas H. Fletcher
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The complex interactions between the inclined terrain and the flow generated by the fire make the slope one of the most influencing factors on fire spread. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms involved in wildfires spreading upslope, the investigation of flow dynamics and heat transfers is fundamental. This...
Author(s): Frederic Morandini, Xavier Silvani, Jean-Luc Dupuy, Arnaud Susset
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Understanding the relationship between fire intensity and fuel mass is essential information for scientists and forest managers seeking to manage forests using prescribed fires. Peak burning temperature, duration of heating, and area under the temperature profile are fire behavior metrics obtained from thermocouple-datalogger...
Author(s): Thomas Adam Coates, Alex T. Chow, Donald L. Hagan, Thomas A. Waldrop, G. Geoff Wang, William C. Bridges, Mary-Frances Rogers, James H. Dozier
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
As scientists and managers seek to understand fire behavior in conditions that extend beyond the limits of our current empirical models and prior experiences, they will need new tools that foster a more mechanistic understanding of the processes driving fire dynamics and effects. Here we suggest that process-based models are...
Author(s): Chad M. Hoffman, Carolyn Hull Sieg, Rodman Linn, William E. Mell, Russell A. Parsons, Justin P. Ziegler, J. Kevin Hiers
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
This work investigates gap winds in a steep, deep river canyon prone to wildland fire. The driving mechanisms and the potential for forecasting the gap winds are investigated. The onset and strength of the gap winds are found to be correlated to the formation of an along-gap pressure gradient linked to periodic development of a...
Author(s): Natalie S. Wagenbrenner, Jason M. Forthofer, Chris Gibson, Abby Indreland, Brian K. Lamb, Bret W. Butler
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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XLSResearch and Publications Database

These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).