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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are nearly 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

528 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

In arid and semiarid ecosystems, invasion by exotic grasses may be driving state changes in vegetation defined by losses of native shrub communities. Changes in wildfire regimes and fall precipitation timing related to climate change may promote fluctuations in resource availability that reinforces invasion and state changes in...
Author(s): Tara B. B. Bishop, Baylie C. Nusink, Rebecca Lee Molinari, Justin B. Taylor, Samuel B. St. Clair
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Aerial Thermal Infrared (TIR) imagery has demonstrated tremendous potential to monitor active forest fires and acquire detailed information about fire behavior. However, aerial video is usually unstable and requires inter-frame registration before further processing. Measurement of image misalignment is an essential operation for...
Author(s): M.M. Valero, Steven Verstockt, Christian Mata, Daniel M. Jimenez, Lloyd P. Queen, O. Rios, Elsa Pastor, Eulalia Planas
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The relationship between wildland fire spread rate and wind has been a topic of study for over a century, but few laboratory studies report measurements in controlled winds exceeding 5 m s−1. In this study, measurements of fire rate of spread, flame residence time and energy release are reported for fires burning under controlled...
Author(s): Bret W. Butler, Steve Quarles, Christine Standohar-Alfano, Murray Morrison, Daniel M. Jimenez, Paul Sopko, Cyle E. Wold, Larry S. Bradshaw, Loren Atwood, Justin Landon, Joseph J. O'Brien, Benjamin Hornsby, Natalie S. Wagenbrenner, Wesley G. Page
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfires can result in significant social, environmental and economic losses. Fires in which dynamic fire behaviours (DFBs) occur contribute disproportionately to damage statistics. Little quantitative data on the frequency at which DFBs occur exists. To address this problem, we conducted a structured survey using staff from fire...
Author(s): Alexander I. Filkov, Thomas J. Duff, Trent D. Penman
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
This study examines 95 lightning-initiated wildfires and 1170 lightning flashes in the western United States between May and October 2017 to characterize lightning and precipitation rates and totals near the time of ignition. Eighty-nine percent of the wildfires examined were initiated by negative cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning...
Author(s): Brittany R. MacNamara, Christopher J. Schultz, Henry E. Fuelberg
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Spot fires caused by lofted embers (i.e., firebrands) can be a significant factor in the spread of wildland fires. Embers can be especially dangerous near the wildland urban interface (WUI) because of the potential for the fire to be spread near or among structures. Many studies have investigated the transport of lofted embers and...
Author(s): David L. Blunck, Bret W. Butler, John D. Bailey, Natalie S. Wagenbrenner
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Background: Litter is the predominant fuel that drives surface fire behavior in most fire-prone forest and woodland ecosystems. The flammability of litter is driven by fuel characteristics, environmental factors, and the interactive effects of the two. Solar radiation can influence litter flammability through its effect on fuel...
Author(s): Jesse K. Kreye, Jeffrey M. Kane, J. Morgan Varner, J. Kevin Hiers
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
In large-scale mass fires generated in forests or by a nuclear event, the area of the fire is large (diameter 1 or more kilometers) whereas the flame height is relatively small (less than 10 m) creating a large turbulent buoyant plume. This paper determines a correlation for the magnitude of velocity such a flow generates near above...
Author(s): Michael Delichatsios, Jianping Zhang
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The 3D structure of a fire front propagating through a homogeneous porous solid-fuel layer was studied numerically at laboratory and field scales. At laboratory scale, wind-tunnel fires propagating through laser-cut cardboard fuel were numerically reproduced, while at field scale, simulations of grassland fires with quasi-infinite...
Author(s): N. Frangieh, Gilbert Accary, D. Morvan, Sofiane Meradji, Oleg Bessonov
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfire affects landscape ecohydrologic processes through feedbacks between fire effects, vegetation growth and water availability. Despite the links between these processes, fire is rarely incorporated dynamically into ecohydrologic models, which couple vegetation growth with water and nutrient fluxes. This omission has the...
Author(s): Ryan R. Bart, Maureen C. Kennedy, Christina Tague, Donald McKenzie
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).