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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 3,600 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

442 results



The Cooney Ridge Fire Experiment conducted by fire scientists in 2003 was a burnout operation supported by a fire suppression crew on the active Cooney Ridge wildfire incident. The fire experiment included measurements of pre-fire fuels, active fire behavior, and immediate post-fire effects. Heat flux measurements collected at...
Author(s): Andrew T. Hudak, Patrick H. Freeborn, Sarah A. Lewis, Sharon M. Hood, Helen Y. Smith, Colin C. Hardy, Robert J. Kremens, Bret W. Butler, Casey Teske, Robert G. Tissell, Lloyd P. Queen, Bryce L. Nordgren, Benjamin C. Bright, Penelope Morgan, Philip J. Riggan, Lee Macholz, Leigh B. Lentile, Jim Riddering, Edward E. Mathews
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfire managers use initial attack (IA) to control wildfires before they grow large and become difficult to suppress. Although the majority of wildfire incidents are contained by IA, the small percentage of fires that escape IA causes most of the damage. Therefore, planning a successful IA is very important. In this article, we...
Author(s): Eghbal Rashidi, Hugh R. Medal, Aaron Hoskins
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Mastication is the process of chipping or shredding components of the tree canopy or above-ground vegetation to reduce the canopy, alter fire spread rates, and reduce crown fire potential. Mastication as a fuel treatment, either alone or in combination with prescribed fire, has been the subject of much research. This research has...
Author(s): Faith A. Heinsch, Pamela G. Sikkink, Helen Y. Smith, Molly L. Retzlaff
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
This work examines how to adjust the definition of 'dry lightning' in order to optimize the correlation between dry lightning flash count and the climatology of large (>400 km2) lightning‐ignited wildfires over the contiguous United States (CONUS). The National Lightning Detection Network™ and National Centers for Environmental...
Author(s): Brian Vant-Hull, Tollisha Thompson, William Koshak
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fuel, aridity, and ignition switches were all on in 2017, making it one of the largest and costliest wildfire years in the United States (U.S.) since national reporting began. Anthropogenic climate change helped flip on some of these switches rapidly in 2017, and kept them on for longer than usual. Anthropogenic changes to the fire...
Author(s): Jennifer Balch, Tania L. Schoennagel, A. Park Williams, John T. Abatzoglou, Megan E. Cattau, Nathan Mietkiewicz, Lise A. St. Denis
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Every year worldwide some extraordinary wildfires occur, overwhelming suppression capabilities, causing substantial damages, and often resulting in fatalities. Given their increasing frequency, there is a debate about how to address these wildfires with significant social impacts, but there is no agreement upon terminology to...
Author(s): Fantina Tedim, Vittorio Leone, Malik Amraoui, Christophe Bouillon, Michael R. Coughlan, Giuseppe M. Delogu, Paulo M. Fernandes, Carmen Ferreira, Sarah M. McCaffrey, Tara K. McGee, Joana Parente, Douglas Paton, Mário G. Pereira, Luís M. Ribeiro, Domingos Xavier Viegas, Gavriil Xanthopoulos
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The Haines Index is intended to provide information on how midtropospheric conditions could lead to large or erratic wildfires. Only a few studies have evaluated its performance and those are primarily single fire studies. This study looks at 47 fires that burned in the United States from 2004 to 2017, with sizes from 9000 ha up to...
Author(s): Brian E. Potter
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
It is generally accepted that year-to-year variability in moisture conditions and drought are linked with increased wildfire occurrence. However, quantifying the sensitivity of wildfire to surface moisture state at seasonal lead-times has been challenging due to the absence of a long soil moisture record with the appropriate...
Author(s): Daniel Jensen, John T. Reager, Brittany Zajic, Nick Rousseau, Matthew Rodell, Everett Hinkley
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Hypotheses that megafires ‐ very large, high impact fires ‐ are caused by either climate effects such as drought or fuel accumulation due to fire exclusion with accompanying changes to forest structure have long been alleged and guided policy but their physical basis remains untested. Here, unique airborne observations and...
Author(s): Janice L. Coen, E. Natasha Stavros, Jo Ann Fites-Kaufman
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The Coanda effect is the phenomenon in which a jet entering quiescent fluid attaches to a nearby solid object due to inhibited entrainment of ambient fluid near the solid. Little is known about the influence of the Coanda effect on wildland fire behavior. Specifically, there is a lack of knowledge regarding how the flame attachment...
Author(s): Jonathan R. Gallacher, Brad Ripa, Bret W. Butler, Thomas H. Fletcher
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).