Search by keywords, then use filters to narrow down results by type, year, topic, or ecosystem.

Displaying 21 - 40 of 5349

Based on analysis of the interaction between a spreading fire and its surrounding environment, in nominally constant and uniform boundary conditions, it is observed that the evolution of the fire front is characterised by fluctuations of its…
Author(s): Domingos Xavier Viegas, Jorge R. Raposo, Carlos Ribeiro, Luís Carlos Duarte Reis, Abdelrahman Abouali, Luís M. Ribeiro, Carlos Viegas
Year Published:

The current study presents a series of experiments investigating the smoldering behavior of woody fuel arrays at various porosities under the influence of wind. Wildland fuels are simulated using wooden cribs burned inside a bench scale wind tunnel…
Author(s): J. Cobian-Iniguez, Franz Richter, Luca Camignani, Christina Liveretou, Hanyu Xiong, Scott L. Stephens, Mark A. Finney, Michael J. Gollner, A. Carlos Fernandez-Pello
Year Published:

Wildfire-mediated changes to forests have prompted numerous studies on post-fire forest recovery of coniferous forests. Given climate change, a growing body of work demonstrates that conifer regeneration in temperate and boreal forests is declining…
Author(s): Camille Stevens-Rumann, Susan J. Prichard, Ellen Whitman, Marc-Andre Parisien, Arjan J. H. Meddens
Year Published:

Over the past several decades, the management of historically frequent-fire forests in the western U.S. has received significant attention due to the linked ecological and social risks posed by the increased occurrence of large, contiguous patches…
Author(s): Scott M. Ritter, Chad M. Hoffman, Michael A. Battaglia, Theresa B. Jain
Year Published:

Background: Mountain pine beetle (MPB) is a native disturbance agent across most pine forests in the western US. Climate changes will directly and indirectly impact frequencies and severities of MPB outbreaks, which can then alter fuel…
Author(s): Robert E. Keane, Barbara J. Bentz, Lisa M. Holsinger, Victoria A. Saab, Rachel A. Loehman
Year Published:

Fire is a natural ecosystem process that helps maintain and revitalize healthy landscapes, but wildfires can pose significant threats to public and firefighter safety, property, water and air quality, and other values. Finding an appropriate balance…
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, David L. Martell, Erin J. Belval
Year Published:

Remote sensing techniques are of particular interest for monitoring wildfire effects on soil properties, which may be highly context-dependent in large and heterogeneous burned landscapes. Despite the physical sense of synthetic aperture radar (SAR…
Author(s): José Manuel Fernández-Guisuraga, Elena Marcos, Susana Suárez-Seoane, Leonor Calvo
Year Published:

Managing wildfire risk across boundaries and scales is critical in fire-prone landscapes around the world, as a variety of actors undertake mitigation and response activities according to jurisdictional, conceptual and administrative boundaries,…
Author(s): Heidi Huber-Stearns, Emily Jane Davis, Anthony S. Cheng, A. Deak
Year Published:

Wildfires are an essential part of a healthy ecosystem, yet the expansion of the wildland-urban interface, combined with climatic changes and other anthropogenic activities, have led to the rise of wildfire hazards in the past few decades. Managing…
Author(s): Negar Elhami-Khorasani, Hamed Ebrahimian, Lawrence Buja, Susan L. Cutter, Branko Kosović, Neil P. Lareau, Brian J. Meacham, Eric Rowell, Ertugrul Taciroglu, Matthew P. Thompson, Adam C. Watts
Year Published:

Whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) is an ecologically important subalpine and treeline forest tree of the western U.S. and Canada. It is categorized as endangered by the IUCN and by Canada under the Species at Risk Act and was recently…
Author(s): Diana F. Tomback, Robert E. Keane, Anna W. Schoettle, Richard A. Sniezko, Melissa Jenkins, Cara R. Nelson, A. D. Bower, Clay R. DeMastus, Emily Guiberson, Jodie Krakowski, Michael P. Murray, Elizabeth R. Pansing, Julee Shamhart
Year Published:

Purpose of Review: Climate change will continue to alter spatial and temporal variation in fire characteristics, or pyrodiversity. The causes of pyrodiversity and its consequences for biological communities are emerging as a promising research area…
Author(s): Gavin M. Jones, J. Ayars, Sean A. Parks, Helen E. Chmura, Samuel A. Cushman, Jamie Sanderlin
Year Published:

Wildfires have become an increasing threat for Mediterranean ecosystems, due to increasing climate change induced wildfire activity and changing land management practises. In addition to the initial risk, wildfires can alter the soil in various ways…
Author(s): Dante Follmi, J. E. M. Baartman, Akli Benali, João Pedro Nunes
Year Published:

Pollution from wildfires constitutes a growing source of poor air quality globally. To protect health, governments largely rely on citizens to limit their own wildfire smoke exposures, but the effectiveness of this strategy is hard to observe. Using…
Author(s): Marshall Burke, Sam Heft-Neal, Jessica Li, Anne Driscoll, Patrick Baylis, Matthieu Stigler, Joakim A. Weill, Jennifer Burney, Marissa L. Childs, Carlos F. Gould
Year Published:

In 2016, the US Forest Service initiated small-group safety discussions among members of its wildland firefighting organisation. Known as the Life First National Engagement Sessions, the discussions presented an opportunity for wildland firefighters…
Author(s): David Flores, Emily Haire
Year Published:

Background ‘Megafire’ is an emerging concept commonly used to describe fires that are extreme in terms of size, behaviour, and/or impacts, but the term’s meaning remains ambiguous. Approach We sought to resolve ambiguity surrounding the meaning of ‘…
Author(s): Grant D. Linley, Chris J. Jolly, Tim S. Doherty, William L. Geary, Dolors Armenteras, Claire M. Belcher, Rebecca Bliege Bird, Andrea Duane, Michael-Shawn Fletcher, Melisa A. Giorgis, Angie Haslem, Gavin M. Jones, Luke T. Kelly, Calvin F. K. Lee, Rachael H. Nolan, Catherine L. Parr, Juli G. Pausas, Jodi N. Price, Adrián Regos, Euan G. Ritchie, Julien Ruffault, Grant J. Williamson, Qianhan Wu, Dale G. Nimmo
Year Published:

The precipitous decline of the keystone species whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis Engelm.) has resulted in dramatic changes to many high elevation ecosystems in the western U.S. and Canada. To restore these ecosystems, there is a need to establish…
Author(s): M. B. Jenkins, Anna W. Schoettle, Jessica W. Wright, Karl A. Anderson, Joseph Fortier, Linh Hoang, Tony Incashola, Robert E. Keane, Jodie Krakowski, Dawn M. LeFluer, Sabine Mellmann-Brown, Elliot D. Meyer, ShiNaasha Pete, Katherine M. Renwick, Robert Sissons
Year Published:

Forested watersheds provide many ecosystem services, such as the filtration of sediment, pollutants, and nutrients, which are increasingly threatened by wildfire. Stream nutrient concentrations often increase following wildfire and can remain…
Author(s): Allison E. Rhea, Tim Covino, Charles C. Rhoades, Alexander C. Brooks
Year Published:

Background: Model simulations of wildfire spread and assessments of their accuracy are needed for understanding and managing altered fire regimes in semiarid regions. The accuracy of wildfire spread simulations can be evaluated from post hoc…
Author(s): Samuel Price, Matthew J. Germino
Year Published:

Background: Adverse effects of wildfires can be mitigated within fuel treatments, but empirical evidence of their effectiveness across large areas is needed to guide design and implementation at the landscape level. We conducted a systematic…
Author(s): Shawn T. McKinney, Ilana L. Abrahamson, Theresa B. Jain, Nathaniel Anderson
Year Published:

There remains a high level of ambiguity around post-fire grazing management. The Lodgepole Complex fire burned 109,346 ha in east-central Montana in July 2017, including areas previously burned in 2003 by the Bureau of Land Management for fuels…
Author(s): Amanda R. Williams, Lance T. Vermeire, Richard C. Waterman, Clayton B. Marlow
Year Published: