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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,700 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

103 results


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Airborne laser altimetry provides an unprecedented view of the forest floor in timber fuel types and is a promising new tool for fuels assessments. It can be used to resolve two fuel models under closed canopies and may be effective for estimating coarse woody debris loads. A simple metric-obstacle density-provides the necessary...
Author(s): Carl A. Seielstad, Lloyd P. Queen
Year Published: 2003
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
ABSTRACT: This paper describes use of BIOPAK to calculate size classes of live fuels for shrubs and herbs. A library of equations to estimate such fuels in the Pacific Northwest and northern Rocky Mountains is presented and used in an example. These methods can be used in other regions if the user first enters fuel size-class...
Author(s): Carl E. Fiedler, Charles E. Keegan, Todd A. Morgan, Christopher W. Woodall
Year Published: 2003
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Crown fires occur in a variety of coniferous forest types (Agee 1993), including some that are not historically prone to crown fire, such as ponderosa pine (Mutch and others 1993). The head fire spread rate of a crown fire is usually several times faster than that of a surface fire burning under the same conditions, which leads to a...
Author(s): Joe H. Scott, Elizabeth D. Reinhardt
Year Published: 2002
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Many foresters and ecologists recognize that disruption of the historic pattern of frequent fires in ponderosa pine forests has resulted in major ecological changes, including increasingly severe wildfires and insect and disease epidemics (Weaver, 1943; Covington and Moore, 1992; Mutch and others, 1993; Everett, 1994). In response...
Author(s): Stephen F. Arno, Michael G. Harrington, Carl E. Fiedler, Clinton E. Carlson
Year Published: 1995
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fine fuel moisture content, relative humidity, air temperature, and fire behavior were observed hourly for 48 hours on the North Fork Fire in Yellowstone National Park from August 25 to August 27, 1988. Fine fuel reached minimum moisture content of 3 to 5 percent late in the afternoon, remained below 8 percent until after midnight,...
Author(s): Roberta A. Hartford, Richard C. Rothermel
Year Published: 1991
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
Means, standard deviations, and quartiles of fuel loadings were determined for litter, for downed woody material of 0 to one-fourth inch, one-fourth to 1 inch, 0 to 1 inch, and 1 to 3 inches, for herbaceous vegetation, and for shrubs by cover types and fire groups. The studies were conducted at four locations in northwestern Wyoming...
Author(s): James K. Brown, Collin D. Bevins
Year Published: 1986
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
Relationships between height of big sagebrush and crown area, fuel loading, bulk density, size distribution of foliage and stemwood, and fraction dead stemwood are presented. Based upon these relationships, modeled rate-of-fire spread and fireline intensity are shown for sagebrush ranging in height from 20 to 120 cm and in coverage...
Author(s): James K. Brown
Year Published: 1982
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
Four series of color photographs show different levels of downed woody material resulting from natural processes in four forest cover types in Montana. Each photo is supplemented by fuel inventory data and potential fire behavior ratings.
Author(s): William C. Fischer
Year Published: 1981
Type: Document : Technical Report or White Paper
ANNOTATION: In the northern Rocky Mountains, 350-450 million cubic feet (9.9 to 12.7 million cubic meters) of logging residue is generated each year. Up to 60 percent of the residue material is technologically suitable for wood products, but condition, size and product potential vary among forest types. Other factors which influence...
Author(s): Robert E. Benson, Joyce A. Schlieter
Year Published: 1981
Type: Document : Conference Proceedings, Technical Report or White Paper
Eight series of color photographs have been published as three separate photo guides for appraising downed woody fuels in Montana forests. This note tells how these photo guides were constructed. The techniques used to determine the weight and size class distribution of downed woody fuels are given. The procedure used to rate...
Author(s): William C. Fischer
Year Published: 1981
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).