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Objectives: The increase in global wildland fire activity has accelerated the urgency to understand health risks associated with wildland fire suppression. The aim of this project was to identify occupational health research priorities for wildland…
Author(s): Chelsea A. Pelletier, Christopher Ross, Katherine Bailey, Trina Fyfe, Katie Cornish, Erica Koopmans
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There is a general agreement within the wildfire community that exclusively top–down approaches to policy making and management are limited and that we need to build governance capacity to cooperatively manage across jurisdictional boundaries.…
Author(s): Branda Nowell, Toddi A. Steelman, Anne-Lise Knox Velez, Kate Albrecht
Year Published:

Forest biomass use for energy production is not only an increasingly popular renewable source of energy, but has also been proposed as a tool for forest management, which can help reduce the incidence of forest fires. Similarly, an adequate…
Author(s): Lígia Costa Pinto, Sara Sousa, Marieta Valente
Year Published:

There are thousands of communities and millions of homes in fire-prone wildland–urban interface (WUI) environments. Although future developments may be sited and designed to be more survivable and resistant to losses, an over-arching strategy is…
Author(s): Max A. Moritz, Rob Hazard, Kelly Johnston, Marc Mayes, Molly Mowery, Katie Oran, Anne-Marie L. Parkinson, David A. Schmidt, Graham Wesolowski
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A combined imaging system that can monitor the visible flame, invisible hot flow, flame temperature and surface temperature was developed to investigate the combustion of wooden rods inclined at 30° under forced air flow. A micro wind tunnel is…
Author(s): Yufeng Lai, Xiao Wang, Thomas B.O. Rockett, Jon R. Willmott, Yang Zhang
Year Published:

Wildfires emit smoke particles and gaseous pollutants that greatly aggravate air quality and cause adverse health impacts in the western US (WUS). This study evaluates how wildfire impacts on air pollutants and air toxics evolve from the present…
Author(s): Cheng-En Yang, Joshua S. Fu, Yongqiang Liu, Xingyi Dong, Yang Liu
Year Published:

The COVID-19 global pandemic created dramatic change in nearly every facet of life, including how the Forest Service worked to fulfill its mission despite facing multiple unknowns fraught with risks. Preparing for and responding to wildland fire…
Author(s): Matthew P. Thompson, Donald G. MacGregor, David E. Calkin, Joel O. Iverson
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Night-time provides a critical window for slowing or extinguishing fires owing to the lower temperature and the lower vapour pressure deficit (VPD). However, fire danger is most often assessed based on daytime conditions1,2, capturing what promotes…
Author(s): Jennifer Balch, John T. Abatzoglou, Maxwell B. Joseph, Michael J. Koontz, Adam L. Mahood, Joe McGlinchy, Megan E. Cattau, A. Park Williams
Year Published:

Since their introduction two decades ago, Community Wildfire Protection Plans (CWPPs) have become a common planning tool for improving community preparedness and risk mitigation in fire-prone regions, and for strengthening coordination among federal…
Author(s): Emily Palsa, Matt Bauer, Cody Evers, Matthew Hamilton, Max W. Nielsen-Pincus
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Fire is one of Earth's most potent agents of ecological change. This Special Issue comes in the wake of a series of extreme wildfires across the world, from the Amazon, to Siberia, California, Portugal, South Africa and eastern Australia (Duane et…
Author(s): Dale G. Nimmo, Alan N. Andersen, Sally Archibald, Matthias M. Boer, Lluis Brotons, Catherine L. Parr, Morgan W. Tingley
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Representations of fire in the U.S. are often tinged with nostalgia: for unburned landscapes, for less frequent fires, for more predictable fire behavior, or for a simpler, more harmonious relationship between human communities and wildfire. Our…
Author(s): Jennifer Ladino, Leda N. Kobziar, Jack Kredell, Teresa Cavazos Cohn
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Wildland fire incident management teams (IMTs) require sustained and coordinated decision-making across levels of authority during dynamic and high-risk events. Trust between team members is important for maintaining the efficient flow of…
Author(s): Claire Rapp, Robyn S. Wilson
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We investigated the relative importance of daily fire weather, landscape position, climate, recent forest and fuels management, and fire history to explaining patterns of remotely-sensed burn severity – as measured by the Relativized Burn Ratio – in…
Author(s): C. Alina Cansler, Van R. Kane, Paul F. Hessburg, Jonathan T. Kane, Sean M.A. Jeronimo, James A. Lutz, Nicholas A. Povak, Derek J. Churchill, Andrew J. Larson
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Background: Extreme, prolonged wildfire smoke (WFS) events are becoming increasingly frequent phenomena across the Western United States. Rural communities, dependent on contributions of nature to people’s quality of life, are particularly hard hit…
Author(s): Anna Humphreys, Elizabeth Walker, Gregory N. Bratman, Nicole A. Errett
Year Published:

Forests are currently a substantial carbon sink globally. Many climate change mitigation strategies leverage forest preservation and expansion, but rely on forests storing carbon for decades to centuries. Yet climate-driven disturbances pose…
Author(s): Oriana S. Chegwidden, Grayson Badgley, Anna T. Trugman, William R.L. Anderegg, Danny Cullenward, John T. Abatzoglou, Jeffrey A. Hicke, Jeremy Freeman, Joseph J. Hamman
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The western U.S. is experiencing increasing wildfire activity and warmer, drier climate conditions, with declining post-fire tree regeneration observed in many areas in recent years. Seedlings of mixed-conifer and subalpine forest species are…
Author(s): Kyra D. Wolf, Kimberley T. Davis, Philip E. Higuera
Year Published:

As the effects of climate change accumulate and intensify, resource managers juggle existing goals and new mandates to operationalize adaptation. Fire managers contend with the direct effects of climate change on resources in addition to climate-…
Author(s): Martha Sample, Andrea E. Thode, Courtney L. Peterson, Michael R. Gallagher, William T. Flatley, Megan Friggens, Alexander M. Evans, Rachel A. Loehman, Shaula J. Hedwall, Leslie A. Brandt, Maria K. Janowiak, Christopher W. Swanston
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The monitoring of burned areas can easily be performed using satellite multispectral images: several indices are available in the literature for highlighting the differences between healthy vegetation areas and burned areas, in consideration of…
Author(s): Emanuele Alcaras, Domenica Costantino, Francesca Guastaferro, Claudio Parente, Massimiliano Pepe
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Actively treating fuels with prescribed fire or non-fire techniques is infeasible for a substantial portion of federal lands, and there is a need for increased use of wildland fires from unplanned ignitions to help manage fuels. The challenge is how…
Author(s): Carol Miller, Kevin C. Vogler, Joe H. Scott, Matthew P. Thompson
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Background: Fire is a multifaceted force. Fire activity and risk of fire incidence across US forested ecosystems have accelerated over the last two decades. At the same time, human land-use choices and climate change interacted with fire, in an era…
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