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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 3,600 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

167 results



Wildfire episodes pose a significant public health threat in the United States. Adverse health impacts associated with wildfires occur near the burn area as well as in places far downwind due to wildfire smoke exposures. Health effects associated with exposure to particulate matter arising from wildfires can range from mild eye and...
Author(s): Ambarish Vaidyanathan, Fuyuen Yip, Paul Garbe
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Prescribed fires are regulated by states and are always subject to strict air-quality standards. Their use must be planned carefully to keep the smoke they produce at acceptable levels. Managers can predict the direction of smoke plumes by relying on meteorological reports and using computer models. Managers avoid smoke-sensitive...
Author(s): Carrie Berger, Stephen A. Fitzgerald, Daniel Leavell, Janice L. Peterson
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
Smouldering peat fires, the largest fires on Earth in terms of fuel consumption, are reported in six continents and are responsible for regional haze episodes. Haze is the large-scale accumulation of smoke at low altitudes in the atmosphere. It decreases air quality, disrupts transportation and causes health emergencies. Research on...
Author(s): Yuqi Hu, Nieves Fernandez-Anez, Thomas E. L. Smith, Guillermo Rein
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Aerosols emitted by landscape fires affect many climatic processes. Here, we combined an aerosol–climate model and a coupled climate-carbon model to study the carbon cycle and climate effects caused by fire-emitted aerosols (FEA) forcing at the top of the atmosphere and at the surface. This forcing ('best guess' present-day values...
Author(s): Jean-Sebastien Landry, Antti-Ilari Partanen, H. Damon Matthews
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Prescribed fire, intentionally ignited low-intensity fires, and managed wildfires—wildfires that are allowed to burn for land management benefit—could be used as a land management tool to create forests that are resilient to wildland fire. This could lead to fewer large catastrophic wildfires in the future. However, we must consider...
Author(s): Kathleen M. Navarro, D.W. Schweizer, John R. Balmes, Ricardo Cisneros
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire is a dynamic ecological process in forests and impacts the carbon (C) cycle through direct combustion emissions, tree mortality, and by impairing the ability of surviving trees to sequester carbon. While studies on young trees have demonstrated that fire intensity is a determinant of post-fire net primary productivity, wildland...
Author(s): Aaron M. Sparks, Crystal A. Kolden, Alistair M. S. Smith, Luigi Boschetti, Daniel M. Johnson, Mark A. Cochrane
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The natural cycle of landscape fire maintains the ecological health of the land, yet adverse health effects associated with exposure to emissions from wildfire produce public health and clinical challenges. Systematic reviews conclude that a positive association exists between exposure to wildfire smoke or wildfire particulate...
Author(s): Wayne E. Cascio
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fire is a fundamental Earth system process and the primary ecosystem disturbance on the global scale. It affects carbon and water cycles through changing terrestrial ecosystems, and at the same time, is regulated by weather and climate, vegetation characteristics, and, importantly, human ignitions and suppression (i.e., the direct...
Author(s): Fang Li, David M. Lawrence, Ben Bond-Lamberty
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland fires degrade air quality and adversely affect human health. A growing body of epidemiology literature reports increased rates of emergency departments, hospital admissions and premature deaths from wildfire smoke exposure. Objective: Our research aimed to characterize excess mortality and morbidity events, and the economic...
Author(s): Neal L. Fann, Breanna Alman, Richard A. Broome, Geoffrey G. Morgan, Fay H. Johnston, George A. Pouliot, Ana G. Rappold
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Heating from wildfires adds buoyancy to the overlying air, often producing plumes that vertically distribute fire emissions throughout the atmospheric column over the fire. The height of the rising wildfire plume is a complex function of the size of the wildfire, fire heat flux, plume geometry, and atmospheric conditions, which can...
Author(s): Derek V. Mallia, Adam K. Kochanski, Shawn P. Urbanski, John C. Lin
Year Published: 2018
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).