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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

62 results


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Background: Wildfire events are increasing in prevalence in the western United States. Research has found mixed results on the degree to which exposure to wildfire smoke is associated with an increased risk of mortality. Methods: We tested for an association between exposure to wildfire smoke and non-traumatic mortality in...
Author(s): Annie Doubleday, Jill Schulte, Lianne Sheppard, Matthew C. Kadlec, Ranil Dhammapala, Julie Fox, Tania M. Busch Isaksen
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
With increasing heat and droughts world-wide, wildfires are becoming a more serious global threat to the world’s population. Wildfire smoke is composed of approximately 80% to 90% of fine (<2.5 um) and ultrafine (<1 um) particulate matter (PM) which are also common to ambient pollution; these can penetrate the bloodstream...
Author(s): Mary M. Prunicki, Christopher C. Dant, Shu Cao, Holden Maecker, Francois Haddad, Juyong Brian Kim, Michael Snyder, Joseph Wu, Kari Nadeau
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
In 2018, Fire Management Today carried an article on smoke exposure (6 Minutes for Safety 2018). The article describes actions you can take to mitigate smoke exposure and techniques for reducing the exposure of firefighters to heavy smoke. The article is very informative, with a lot of good points to consider. I would suggest...
Author(s): Randall C. Thomas
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Particularly in rural settings, there has been little research regarding the health impacts of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) during the wildfire season smoke exposure period on respiratory diseases, such as influenza, and their associated outbreaks months later. We examined the delayed effects of PM2.5 concentrations for the short...
Author(s): Erin L. Landguth, Zachary A. Holden, Jonathan M. Graham, Benjamin Stark, Elham Bayat Mokhtari, Emily Kaleczyc, Stacey Anderson, Shawn P. Urbanski, William Matt Jolly, Erin O. Semmens, Dyer A. Warren, Alan Swanson, Emily Stone, Curtis W. Noonan
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Smoke exposure from bushfires, such as those experienced in Australia during 2019-2020, can reach levels up to 10 times those deemed hazardous. Short‐term and extended exposure to high levels of air pollution can be associated with adverse health effects, although the most recent fires have brought into sharp focus that several...
Author(s): Clare M. Walter, Elena K. Schneider-Futschik, Luke D. Knibbs, Louis B. Irving
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Field and laboratory emission factors (EFs) of wildland fire emissions for 276 known air pollutants sampled across Canada and the US were compiled. An online database, the Smoke Emissions Repository Application (SERA), was created to enable analysis and summaries of existing EFs to be used in smoke management and emissions...
Author(s): Susan J. Prichard, Susan M. O'Neill, Paige C. Eagle, Anne Andreu, Brian Drye, Joel Dubowy, Shawn P. Urbanski, Tara Strand
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters are exposed to health hazards including inhaling hazardous pollutants from the combustion of live and dead vegetation (smoke) and breathe soil dust, while working long shifts with no respiratory protection. This research brief summarizes a study analyzing long-term health impacts of smoke exposure for wildland...
Author(s): Kathleen M. Navarro, Linda Mutch
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Research Brief or Fact Sheet
Particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 μm (PM2.5) is one of the main pollutants generated in wildfire events with negative impacts on human health. In research involving wildfires and air quality, it is common to use emission models. However, the commonly used emission approach can generate errors and contradict the...
Author(s): Joseph Sánchez-Balseca, Agustí Pérez-Foguet
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
As we enter the wildfire season in the northern hemisphere, the potential for a dangerous interaction between SARS-CoV-2 and smoke pollution should be recognized and acknowledged. This is challenging because the public health threat of COVID-19 is immediate and clear, whereas the public health threat of wildfire smoke seems distant...
Author(s): Sarah B. Henderson
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Background: Exposure to fine particulate matter ( PM2.5 ) during wildfire seasons has been associated with adverse health outcomes. Previous studies have focused on daily exposure, but PM2.5 levels in smoke events can vary considerably within 1 d. Objectives: We aimed to assess the immediate and lagged relationship between sub-...
Author(s): Jiayun Yao, Michael Brauer, Julie Wei, Kimberlyn M. McGrail, Fay H. Johnston, Sarah B. Henderson
Year Published: 2020
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).