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A JFSP Fire Science Exchange Network
Bringing People Together & Sharing Knowledge in the Northern Rockies

Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,700 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinars & Recorded Media Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, storymaps, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

123 results


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The fire plume height (smoke injection height) is an important parameter for calculating the transport and lifetime of smoke particles, which can significantly affect regional and global air quality and atmospheric radiation budget. To develop an observation‐based global fire plume‐rise dataset, a modified one‐dimensional plume‐rise...
Author(s): Ziming Ke, Yuhang Wang, Yufei Zou, Yongjia Song, Yongqiang Liu
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Exceptional events occur when air pollution in a specific location exceeds the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) due to an event that cannot be reasonably attributed to human activities, such as a wildland fire. Ground-level ozone (O3) and particulate matter (PM) are Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria...
Author(s): Liji M. David, A. R. Ravishankara, Steven J. Brey, Emily V. Fischer, John Volckens, Sonia M. Kreidenweis
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters are repeatedly exposed to elevated levels of wildland fire smoke (WFS) while protecting lives and properties from wildland fires. Studies reporting personal exposure concentrations of air pollutants in WFS during fire suppression or prescribed burn activities have been geographically limited to the western and...
Author(s): Chieh-Ming Wu, Chi Song, Ryan Chartier, Jacob Kremer, Luke P. Naeher, Olorunfemi Adetona
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland fires can emit substantial amounts of air pollution that may pose a risk to those in proximity (e.g., first responders, nearby residents) as well as downwind populations. Quickly deploying air pollution measurement capabilities in response to incidents has been limited to date by the cost, complexity of implementation, and...
Author(s): Matthew S. Landis, Russell W. Long, Jonathan Krug, Maribel Colón, Robert Vanderpool, Andrew Habel, Shawn P. Urbanski
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Recent dramatic and deadly increases in global wildfire activity have increased attention on the causes of wildfires, their consequences, and how risk from wildfire might be mitigated. Here we bring together data on the changing risk and societal burden of wildfire in the United States. We estimate that nearly 50 million homes are...
Author(s): Marshall Burke, Anne Driscoll, Sam Heft-Neal, Jiani Xue, Jennifer Burney, Michael Wara
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The 2020 fire season in the western United States (the West) has been staggering: over 2.5 million ha have burned as of 31 September, including over 1.5 million ha in California (3.7% of the state), in part from five of the six largest fires in state history; over 760,000 ha have burned in Oregon and Washington, most occurring...
Author(s): Philip E. Higuera, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildfire smoke is a growing public health concern in the United States. Numerous studies have documented associations between ambient smoke exposure and severe patient outcomes for single fire seasons or limited geographic regions. However, there are few national‐scale health studies of wildfire smoke in the U.S., few studies...
Author(s): Cecilia Sorensen, John A. House, Katelyn O'Dell, Steven J. Brey, Bonne Ford, Jeffrey R. Pierce, Emily V. Fischer, Jay Lemery, James L. Crooks
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
It is difficult to detect forest fires in complex backgrounds owing to the many interfering factors in forest fire smoke. In this paper, a novel method that combines Time Domain Robust Principal Component Analysis (TRPCA) and a Two-Stream Composed of Visual Geometry Group Network (VGG) and Bi-Long Short-Term Memory (BLSTM) (TSVB)...
Author(s): Xiaohu Qiang, Guoxiong Zhou, Aibin Chen, Xin Zhang, Wenzhuo Zhang
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Western North American fires have been increasing in magnitude and severity over the last few decades. The complex coupling of fires with the atmospheric energy budget and meteorology creates short-term feedbacks on regional weather altering the amount of pollution to which Americans are exposed. Using a combination of model...
Author(s): Diana N. Bernstein, Douglas S. Hamilton, Rosalie Krasnoff, Natalie M. Mahowald, David S. Connelly, Simone Tilmes, Peter G. M. Hess
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fine particulate matter, PM2.5, has been documented to have adverse health effects, and wildland fires are a major contributor to PM2.5 air pollution in the USA. Forecasters use numerical models to predict PM2.5 concentrations to warn the public of impending health risk. Statistical methods are needed to calibrate the numerical...
Author(s): Suman Majumder, Yawen Guan, Brian J. Reich, Susan M. O'Neill, Ana G. Rappold
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).