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Research and Publications Database

The NRFSN research and publications database leads users to regionally relevant fire science. There are more than 4,000 documents, which have been carefully categorized by the NRFSN to highlight topics and ecosystems important in the Northern Rockies Region. Categorized resources include records from the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).

Note: Additional Northern Rockies fire research is available from our Webinar & Video Archive, which provides access to webinars, videos, podcasts, and seminars.

Hints: By default, the Search Terms box reads and searches for terms as if there were AND operators between them. To search for one or more terms, use the OR operator. Use quotation marks around phrases or to search for exact terms. To maximize the search function, use the Search Terms box for other information (e.g. author(s), date, species of interest, additional fire topics) together with the topic, ecosystem, and/or resource type terms from the lists. Additional information is available in our documents on topics, ecosystems, and types.

115 results


Select a Topic, and the sub-topic terms will appear.

The fire plume height (smoke injection height) is an important parameter for calculating the transport and lifetime of smoke particles, which can significantly affect regional and global air quality and atmospheric radiation budget. To develop an observation‐based global fire plume‐rise dataset, a modified one‐dimensional plume‐rise...
Author(s): Ziming Ke, Yuhang Wang, Yufei Zou, Yongjia Song, Yongqiang Liu
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Exceptional events occur when air pollution in a specific location exceeds the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) due to an event that cannot be reasonably attributed to human activities, such as a wildland fire. Ground-level ozone (O3) and particulate matter (PM) are Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) criteria...
Author(s): Liji M. David, A. R. Ravishankara, Steven J. Brey, Emily V. Fischer, John Volckens, Sonia M. Kreidenweis
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland firefighters are repeatedly exposed to elevated levels of wildland fire smoke (WFS) while protecting lives and properties from wildland fires. Studies reporting personal exposure concentrations of air pollutants in WFS during fire suppression or prescribed burn activities have been geographically limited to the western and...
Author(s): Chieh-Ming Wu, Chi Song, Ryan Chartier, Jacob Kremer, Luke P. Naeher, Olorunfemi Adetona
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Wildland fires can emit substantial amounts of air pollution that may pose a risk to those in proximity (e.g., first responders, nearby residents) as well as downwind populations. Quickly deploying air pollution measurement capabilities in response to incidents has been limited to date by the cost, complexity of implementation, and...
Author(s): Matthew S. Landis, Russell W. Long, Jonathan Krug, Maribel Colón, Robert Vanderpool, Andrew Habel, Shawn P. Urbanski
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
The 2020 fire season in the western United States (the West) has been staggering: over 2.5 million ha have burned as of 31 September, including over 1.5 million ha in California (3.7% of the state), in part from five of the six largest fires in state history; over 760,000 ha have burned in Oregon and Washington, most occurring...
Author(s): Philip E. Higuera, John T. Abatzoglou
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Fine particulate matter, PM2.5, has been documented to have adverse health effects, and wildland fires are a major contributor to PM2.5 air pollution in the USA. Forecasters use numerical models to predict PM2.5 concentrations to warn the public of impending health risk. Statistical methods are needed to calibrate the numerical...
Author(s): Suman Majumder, Yawen Guan, Brian J. Reich, Susan M. O'Neill, Ana G. Rappold
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
A physics/chemistry-based numerical model for predicting the emission of fine particles from wildfires is proposed. This model implements the fundamental mechanisms of soot formation in a combustion environment: soot nucleation, surface growth, agglomeration, oxidation, and particle fragmentation. These mechanisms occur on a scale...
Author(s): Alexander J. Josephson, Daniel Castaño, Eunmo Koo, Rodman Linn
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Throughout the United States, wildland firefighters respond to wildfires, performing arduous work in remote locations. Wildfire incidents can be an ideal environment for the transmission of infectious diseases, particularly for wildland firefighters who congregate in work and living settings. In this review, we examine how exposure...
Author(s): Kathleen M. Navarro, Kathleen A. Clark, Daniel J. Hardt, Colleen Reid, Peter Lahm, Joseph W. Domitrovich, Corey Butler, John R. Balmes
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Air pollution, particularly fine and ultrafine particulate matter aerosols, underlies a wide range of communicable and non-communicable disease affecting many systems including the cardiopulmonary and immune systems, and arises primarily from transportation and industry. A number of air pollution driven diseases also are Covid19...
Author(s): Ira Leifer, Michael T. Kleinman, Donald R. Blake, David Tratt, Charlotte Marston
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article
Effective strategies to reduce indoor air pollutant concentrations during wildfire smoke events are critically needed. Worldwide, communities in areas prone to wildfires may suffer from annual smoke exposure events lasting from days to weeks. In addition, there are many areas of the world where high pollution events are common and...
Author(s): Gilliane Davison, Karoline K. Barkjohn, Gayle Hagler, Amara L. Holder, Sarah Coefield, Curtis W. Noonan, Beth Hassett-Sipple
Year Published: 2021
Type: Document : Book or Chapter or Journal Article

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These resources are compiled in partnership with the Joint Fire Science Program (JFSP), Fire Research and Management Exchange System (FRAMES), and Fire Effects Information System (FEIS).